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Primeur weekly 2017-11-13

Focus

Despite EuroHPC programme Europe losing ground in the TOP500 of the world's fastest supercomputers ...

Quantum computing

IBM announces advances to IBM quantum systems and ecosystem ...

Quantum computing on the move ...

Focus on Europe

Asetek announces Acer as new data centre OEM partner ...

It is time to clarify who funds what research in Europe, says Science Europe ...

European Commission officially releases European Open Science Cloud Declaration ...

The complete ISC 2018 contributed programme is now open for submission ...

PRACE to hold Summer of HPC 2017 Awards Ceremony at IT4Innovations ...

Atos revolutionizes enterprise AI with next generation servers ...

First modular supercomputer worldwide starts operation at the Research Center Jülich ...

Middleware

University of North Texas implements Bright Computing technology for efficient cluster management ...

Inspur launches ON5263M5, the world's first OCP-accepted compute node based on Intel Xeon Scalable processor family ...

Hardware

Oklahoma State University selects Advanced Clustering to build new HPC cluster ...

Cybermedia Center, Osaka University adopts Asetek liquid cooling for new computer system OCTOPUS ...

Solarflare showcases software defined Ethernet NICS for servers running on Qualcomm Centriq 2400 Arm-based processors ...

CoolIT Systems launches Rack DCLC AHx10 Heat Exchange Module ...

DDN partners with Hewlett Packard Enterprise to deliver unmatched HPC storage solutions ...

CoolIT Systems launches rack DCLC AHx2 Heat Exchange Module ...

DDN's massively scalable storage empowers Pawsey Supercomputing Centre to speed scientific discoveries that reveal the secrets of the universe ...

Fujitsu receives order for supercomputer system from the Institute of Fluid Science at Tohoku University ...

Fujitsu launches new PRIMEQUEST series and boosts processing performance by up to 50% ...

Cavium ThunderX2 motherboard specification for Microsoft's project Olympus contributed to the Open Compute Project ...

University of Michigan partners with Cavium on Big Data computing platform for University of Michigan researchers ...

Mellanox announces Innova-2 FPGA-based programmable adapter family to power next generation of Cloud, security, Big Data and Deep Learning platforms ...

Mellanox announces availability of world-leading Spectrum-based SN2010 data centre Ethernet switch system for storage and hyperconverged infrastructures ...

Mellanox interconnect solutions boost Qualcomm Arm-based data centre platforms with Mellanox ConnectX-5 ...

Mellanox announces world's most scalable switch platforms based on HDR 200G InfiniBand quantum switch technology ...

Atos to leverage Mellanox HDR InfiniBand for unmatched application performance and scalability ...

Mellanox InfiniBand to accelerate Japan's fastest supercomputer for Artificial Intelligence applications ...

Mellanox announces first major production deployment of Linux kernel-based Open Ethernet switch ...

LRZ puts into operation CoolMUC-3, a highly energy-efficient many-core cluster ...

WekaIO partners with Hewlett Packard Enterprise to develop all-flash storage for HPC and AI ...

CoolIT Systems showcases newest data centre liquid cooling innovations for OEM and enterprise customers at SC17 ...

Cray adds Arm-based ThunderX2 processors ito its Cray XC50 supercomputer ...

New Cray storage solutions address key customer needs for improved productivity and unparalleled data access ...

Supermicro unveils new HPC solutions at SC17 ...

Supermicro showcases industry's most advanced and optimized NVIDIA GPU systems at SC17 ...

NASA selects Supermicro to expand advanced computing and data analytics used to study the Earth, solar system and universe ...

Applications

New Cray Artificial Intelligence initiatives to advance Deep Learning for science and enterprise ...

Cosmos code helps probe space oddities ...

Research could 'untangle' vexing problem in computer-simulation technology ...

'Perfectly frustrated' metal provides possible path to superconductivity ...

DARPA awards Georgia Tech energy-efficient high-performance computing contract ...

Scientists create cosmic sounds of Voyager 1 ...

Need entangled atoms? Get 'Em FAST! with NIST's new patent-pending method ...

TOP500

China pulls ahead of U.S. in latest TOP500 list of the worlds' fastest supercomputers ...

TACC tech to shine at SC17 ...

The Cloud

Qualcomm Datacenter Technologies announces commercial shipment of Qualcomm Centriq 2400, the world's first 10nm server processor and highest performance Arm-based server processor family ever designed ...

Research could 'untangle' vexing problem in computer-simulation technology

Untangling quadrilateral meshes using locally injective mappings. Credit: Krishnan Suresh.8 Nov 2017 Lawrence - The computer simulations used to design, optimize, test or control a vast range of objects and products in our daily lives are underpinned by finite element methods. Finite element simulations use a mesh of geometric shapes - triangles, tetrahedra, quadrilaterals or hexahedra, for instance. These shapes can be combined to form a mesh that approximates the geometry of a model. For example, meshes can be used to model the human knee in biomechanics simulations, create computer-animated movies or help developers bring products, like airplanes and cars, from concept to production more quickly via better prototypes, testing and development.

"When you were a kid you played with LEGOs and thought about building different projects - like a house", stated Suzanne Shontz, associate professor of electrical engineering & computer science at the University of Kansas (KU). "You were basically stacking blocks and building an object. Meshes are a lot like that - but they're more flexible than cubes. We're building with things like tetrahedra and hexahedra that you can combine to make different kinds of larger shapes. If you're doing an airplane simulation, you'll know the geometry of the airplane, and that determines with which shapes to build it."

But a problem arises with finite element meshes, especially when they're put into motion during a simulation: The shapes can tangle and overlap.

"The most common context for tangled meshes is a simulation involving motion", Suzanne Shontz stated. "Suppose you have a two-dimensional mesh made of triangles. Now focus on one triangle and its three vertices. If one vertex is moved too far to the left with respect to the vertex to its left, this causes the orientation of the triangle to be flipped and triangles to overlap. A tangled mesh is one that contains elements with a mixture of orientations."

The KU researcher said the use of a tangled mesh in a finite element simulation can lead to inaccurate results - with potentially disastrous consequences in biomechanical design, product development or large-deformation analysis.

"If you try to run such a simulation, you'll get a physically invalid solution", Suzanne Shontz stated. "That will cause a host of problems. Engineers need accurate solutions in making design decisions. With an airplane, the pilot will make decisions about how to fly the plane in turbulent weather; it's crucial that these decisions are based on correct simulation results regarding the weather and the plane's response. When making important medical decisions, a doctor needs to be able to trust that the simulation results for the disease progression or treatment are correct."

For years, researchers have pursued a solution to the tangled mesh problem, proposing solutions like re-meshing, meshfree methods and the finite cell method. But no definitive answer has yet been developed.

With a new $250,000 award from the National Science Foundation, Suzanne Shontz and her KU colleagues are working with a team at the University of Wisconsin-Madison headed by Krishnan Suresh, a professor of mechanical engineering, to explore new methods for addressing the tangled mesh problem. Krishnan Suresh's team received a similar $250,000 award from the National Science Foundation for their research.

Suzanne Shontz already has developed several promising untangling algorithms, but she said it has proven difficult to "completely" untangle a mesh. Working with Krishnan Suresh, she said she hopes the collaboration might yield a breakthrough.

Under the new grant, Suzanne Shontz's group will create new constrained optimization methods for mesh untangling to convert "severely tangled meshes into mildly tangled meshes". In the meantime, Krishnan Suresh's group will hone the finite-cell method to ensure accurate finite-element solutions over these mildly tangled meshes.

"Our part at KU is to develop a method to untangle meshes so they can be used with standard finite element methods", Suzanne Shontz stated. "At the University of Wisconsin-Madison, they're coming up with a finite-element solver that can work on tangled meshes. We're also looking at a hybrid solution that uses some of their research and some of ours."

Among many biomechanics applications, the researchers hope their work could lead to improved untangling of finite element meshes used to model the brains of patients with hydrocephalus. In these patients, large ventricular displacements of the brain can be modeled with finite-element simulations - but the models often result in tangled meshes.

"With hydrocephalus, the brain has excess fluid build-up from cerebrospinal fluid", Suzanne Shontz stated. "The brain changes shape due to the excess pressure that usually results within the skull. The idea is to be able to run simulations which will help doctors predict which surgery to perform. However, due to the nonlinear deformations of the brain ventricles, the meshes will often become tangled."

As part of the work under the award, the investigators at KU and UW-Madison will exchange teaching modules in the form of prerecorded lectures to be used in graduate-level classes. Suzanne Shontz will deliver lectures on mesh generation, smoothing, tangling and untangling to students at UW-Madison, while Krishnan Suresh will provide lectures to KU students on geometric modelling and computational mechanics.

The researchers will also develop a Design, Analyze and Print Workshop to be offered to middle and high school students on the campuses of the two universities.

Graduate students also will receive support and training via the NSF grant.

"There's funding for graduate-student salaries, faculty summer salary support, and conference travel", Suzanne Shontz stated. "We'll also do student exchanges. I'll send a KU graduate student to Wisconsin for a few weeks, and they'll send a student here, too. They'll get exposed to new ideas, so it's a great opportunity for students at both institutions."

Source: University of Kansas

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2017-11-13

Focus

Despite EuroHPC programme Europe losing ground in the TOP500 of the world's fastest supercomputers ...

Quantum computing

IBM announces advances to IBM quantum systems and ecosystem ...

Quantum computing on the move ...

Focus on Europe

Asetek announces Acer as new data centre OEM partner ...

It is time to clarify who funds what research in Europe, says Science Europe ...

European Commission officially releases European Open Science Cloud Declaration ...

The complete ISC 2018 contributed programme is now open for submission ...

PRACE to hold Summer of HPC 2017 Awards Ceremony at IT4Innovations ...

Atos revolutionizes enterprise AI with next generation servers ...

First modular supercomputer worldwide starts operation at the Research Center Jülich ...

Middleware

University of North Texas implements Bright Computing technology for efficient cluster management ...

Inspur launches ON5263M5, the world's first OCP-accepted compute node based on Intel Xeon Scalable processor family ...

Hardware

Oklahoma State University selects Advanced Clustering to build new HPC cluster ...

Cybermedia Center, Osaka University adopts Asetek liquid cooling for new computer system OCTOPUS ...

Solarflare showcases software defined Ethernet NICS for servers running on Qualcomm Centriq 2400 Arm-based processors ...

CoolIT Systems launches Rack DCLC AHx10 Heat Exchange Module ...

DDN partners with Hewlett Packard Enterprise to deliver unmatched HPC storage solutions ...

CoolIT Systems launches rack DCLC AHx2 Heat Exchange Module ...

DDN's massively scalable storage empowers Pawsey Supercomputing Centre to speed scientific discoveries that reveal the secrets of the universe ...

Fujitsu receives order for supercomputer system from the Institute of Fluid Science at Tohoku University ...

Fujitsu launches new PRIMEQUEST series and boosts processing performance by up to 50% ...

Cavium ThunderX2 motherboard specification for Microsoft's project Olympus contributed to the Open Compute Project ...

University of Michigan partners with Cavium on Big Data computing platform for University of Michigan researchers ...

Mellanox announces Innova-2 FPGA-based programmable adapter family to power next generation of Cloud, security, Big Data and Deep Learning platforms ...

Mellanox announces availability of world-leading Spectrum-based SN2010 data centre Ethernet switch system for storage and hyperconverged infrastructures ...

Mellanox interconnect solutions boost Qualcomm Arm-based data centre platforms with Mellanox ConnectX-5 ...

Mellanox announces world's most scalable switch platforms based on HDR 200G InfiniBand quantum switch technology ...

Atos to leverage Mellanox HDR InfiniBand for unmatched application performance and scalability ...

Mellanox InfiniBand to accelerate Japan's fastest supercomputer for Artificial Intelligence applications ...

Mellanox announces first major production deployment of Linux kernel-based Open Ethernet switch ...

LRZ puts into operation CoolMUC-3, a highly energy-efficient many-core cluster ...

WekaIO partners with Hewlett Packard Enterprise to develop all-flash storage for HPC and AI ...

CoolIT Systems showcases newest data centre liquid cooling innovations for OEM and enterprise customers at SC17 ...

Cray adds Arm-based ThunderX2 processors ito its Cray XC50 supercomputer ...

New Cray storage solutions address key customer needs for improved productivity and unparalleled data access ...

Supermicro unveils new HPC solutions at SC17 ...

Supermicro showcases industry's most advanced and optimized NVIDIA GPU systems at SC17 ...

NASA selects Supermicro to expand advanced computing and data analytics used to study the Earth, solar system and universe ...

Applications

New Cray Artificial Intelligence initiatives to advance Deep Learning for science and enterprise ...

Cosmos code helps probe space oddities ...

Research could 'untangle' vexing problem in computer-simulation technology ...

'Perfectly frustrated' metal provides possible path to superconductivity ...

DARPA awards Georgia Tech energy-efficient high-performance computing contract ...

Scientists create cosmic sounds of Voyager 1 ...

Need entangled atoms? Get 'Em FAST! with NIST's new patent-pending method ...

TOP500

China pulls ahead of U.S. in latest TOP500 list of the worlds' fastest supercomputers ...

TACC tech to shine at SC17 ...

The Cloud

Qualcomm Datacenter Technologies announces commercial shipment of Qualcomm Centriq 2400, the world's first 10nm server processor and highest performance Arm-based server processor family ever designed ...