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Primeur weekly 2012-11-19

Exascale supercomputing

DataDirect Networks announces $100 million investment in Exascale computing ...

Intel and DataDirect Networks join forces to enable compute infrastructures 1,000 times larger than today's biggest systems ...

The Cloud

HP delivers industry's first purpose-built server for Big Data ...

DDN adds enterprise class Cloud Tiering, NAS and SSD capabilities to its parallel file system appliances, making them Big Data ready ...

Desktop Grids

Members of the public asked to help tend Feynman's Flowers ...

EuroFlash

EMI 2 - Matterhorn - 5th update is now available ...

German Federal Waterways Engineering and Research Institute (BAW) optimizes navigable waterways using a Bull supercomputer ...

Choreographing light ...

USFlash

New editions of Moab HPC Suite enhance HPC system efficiency ...

SGI ICE X selected by CRIEPI for electric power research ...

Supermicro debuts SuperServer and SuperBlade solutions supporting new AMD Opteron 6300 Series processor ...

Brocade collaborates with Dell to announce industry's first 16 Gbps Fibre Channel end-to-end solution ...

Department of Energy's ESnet rolls out world's fastest science network ...

New storage and management features for IBM PureSystems help clients reduce costs and increase utilization ...

Obsidian welcomes Mellanox and its MetroX product into the long haul InfiniBand ...

Commercial and technical HPC customers can achieve Big Data results faster with NetApp HPS Rack solution ...

Brocade and Hyve Solutions partner to deliver fully integrated Big Data solutions using industry-leading Brocade VCS Fabric network technology ...

AMD FirePro server graphics redefining supercomputing performance through power efficient, sustainable technology ...

Medic Vision introduces industry's first enterprise-wide iterative image reconstruction system ...

StackIQ announces release of StackIQ Enterprise HPC for high performance computing clusters ...

Heterogeneous systems re-claim Green500 list dominance ...

PNNL expertise highlighted at Supercomputing ...

Keeneland Project deploys new GPU supercomputing system for the National Science Foundation ...

Titan is also a green powerhouse ...

AMD delivers massive compute performance for world's top ranked supercomputer ...

Heterogeneous systems re-claim Green500 list dominance

14 Nov 2012 Salt Lake City - The latest Green500 List was released on November 14 2012 and the top spots on the list have been taken over by machines that combine commodity processors with coprocessors or graphics processing units (GPUs) to form heterogeneous high-performance computing systems.

With all eyes on the new TOP500 number one system, Oak Ridge National Labs' Titan, it was a system belonging to a neighbour at the University of Tennessee that debuted at the top of the November Green500 List. The National Institute for Computational Sciences' Beacon system has set the new energy efficiency bar at nearly two-and-a-half billion floating-point operations per second (gigaflops) per watt. Employing Intel's Sandy Bridge series of Xeon central processing units (CPUs) and four of Intel's Xeon Phi coprocessors per node Beacon achieved a peak 112,200 gigaflops of performance running the LINPACK benchmark while consuming only 44.89 kW of power.

The Intel Xeon Phi - "Knights Corner" - is a 22nm multicore coprocessor featuring the world's first 3D Tri-Gate transistors. Like its GPU counterparts, the Intel Xeon Phi resides on a PCI Express board that plugs into a machine's expansion slots. However, unlike its GPU-based cousins, the Xeon Phi architecture provides a more tightly coupled instruction path for developers and delivers better energy efficiency.

Rounding out the top five systems are three other machines using GPU accelerators combined with traditional AMD or Intel CPUs. "Metaphorically, think of CPU-GPU systems operating like the human brain, where the CPU could be viewed as the left brain and the GPU as the right brain", stated Dr. Wu Feng, founder of the Green500 List. "Each side of the brain is suited to process different types of tasks."

In second place is the SANAM system from the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, an Intel CPU system that uses AMD's new FirePro S10000 GPU accelerators, and in third and fourth are the Titan and Todi systems by Cray that employ AMD Opteron CPUs and nVIDIA Tesla K20 GPU accelerators. In number five is the previous Green500 List number one system, IBM's Blue Gene/Q that uses PowerPC BQC CPUs. All of these systems are over two gigaflops per watt.

Overall, the performance of machines in the Green500 List has increased at a higher rate compared to power consumption. "That's why the machines' efficiencies are going up", stated Wu Feng. "We are more performance for the same amount of power." For machines based on commodity components - machines built with off-the-shelf components - coprocessors and GPUs are attributing a great deal to the efficiency gains. So much so that they are keeping pace and in the latest list even outpacing purpose built systems like IBM's Blue Gene/Q. "Power consumption is still going up", stated Wu Feng, "and that is still a concern."

The Green500 List has provided a ranking of the most energy-efficient supercomputers in the world since November 2007. For decades, the notion of "performance" has been synonymous with "speed" as measured in FLOPS. This particular focus has led to the emergence of supercomputers that consume egregious amounts of electrical power and produce so much heat that extravagant cooling facilities must be constructed to ensure proper operation. In addition, the emphasis on speed as the ultimate metric has caused other metrics such as reliability, availability, and usability to be largely ignored. As a result, there has been an extraordinary increase in the total cost of ownership (TCO) of a supercomputer.
Source: Green500

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2012-11-19

Exascale supercomputing

DataDirect Networks announces $100 million investment in Exascale computing ...

Intel and DataDirect Networks join forces to enable compute infrastructures 1,000 times larger than today's biggest systems ...

The Cloud

HP delivers industry's first purpose-built server for Big Data ...

DDN adds enterprise class Cloud Tiering, NAS and SSD capabilities to its parallel file system appliances, making them Big Data ready ...

Desktop Grids

Members of the public asked to help tend Feynman's Flowers ...

EuroFlash

EMI 2 - Matterhorn - 5th update is now available ...

German Federal Waterways Engineering and Research Institute (BAW) optimizes navigable waterways using a Bull supercomputer ...

Choreographing light ...

USFlash

New editions of Moab HPC Suite enhance HPC system efficiency ...

SGI ICE X selected by CRIEPI for electric power research ...

Supermicro debuts SuperServer and SuperBlade solutions supporting new AMD Opteron 6300 Series processor ...

Brocade collaborates with Dell to announce industry's first 16 Gbps Fibre Channel end-to-end solution ...

Department of Energy's ESnet rolls out world's fastest science network ...

New storage and management features for IBM PureSystems help clients reduce costs and increase utilization ...

Obsidian welcomes Mellanox and its MetroX product into the long haul InfiniBand ...

Commercial and technical HPC customers can achieve Big Data results faster with NetApp HPS Rack solution ...

Brocade and Hyve Solutions partner to deliver fully integrated Big Data solutions using industry-leading Brocade VCS Fabric network technology ...

AMD FirePro server graphics redefining supercomputing performance through power efficient, sustainable technology ...

Medic Vision introduces industry's first enterprise-wide iterative image reconstruction system ...

StackIQ announces release of StackIQ Enterprise HPC for high performance computing clusters ...

Heterogeneous systems re-claim Green500 list dominance ...

PNNL expertise highlighted at Supercomputing ...

Keeneland Project deploys new GPU supercomputing system for the National Science Foundation ...

Titan is also a green powerhouse ...

AMD delivers massive compute performance for world's top ranked supercomputer ...