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Primeur weekly 2016-10-10

Exascale supercomputing

The incredible shrinking particle accelerator ...

Brookhaven Lab to play major role in 2 DOE exascale computing application projects ...

Quantum computing

More stable qubits in perfectly normal silicon ...

Focus on Europe

RSC supercomputers go West ...

Hardware

Allinea tools play vital role in advancing computational research at the VSC, Austria's largest HPC facility ...

Smallest transistor ever ...

Turning to the brain to reboot computing ...

Complex materials can self-organize into circuits, may form basis for multifunction chips ...

Wireless data centre on a chip aims to cut energy use ...

Adapteva announces 28nm 64-core Epiphany-IV microprocessor chip ...

SGI introduces unique scale-out solution for SAP HANA that protects investments when moving to real-time business ...

Applications

Clemson University scientists receive $1.8 million grant to combat Type 2 diabetes ...

Climate change intensifies night-time storms over Lake Victoria ...

Computer simulations explore how Alzheimer's disease starts ...

Rice University lab explores cement's crystalline nature to boost concrete performance ...

Rice University researchers say 2D boron may be best for flexible electronics ...

Large animals, such as the imperious African elephant, most vulnerable to impact of human expansion ...

Computer simulation finds dangerous molecule activity for ageing ...

Tornadogenesis ...

As hurricane heads up coast, a RENCI supercomputer swings into action ...

New drug candidate may reduce deficits in Parkinson's disease ...

XSEDE allocations awarded to 155 research teams across U.S. ...

OSC part of NSF-funded consortium for advancing research computing practices ...

NCSA awarded NSF grant to expand computational science education in food, energy, and water ...

Crosstalk analysis of biological networks for improved pathway annotation ...

The Cloud

Nimbix collaborates with IBM and NVIDIA to launch powerful GPU Cloud offering ...

Brookhaven Lab to play major role in 2 DOE exascale computing application projects


Scientists used X-rays at Brookhaven Lab's National Synchrotron National Light Source to determine the structure of the proton-regulated calcium channel (ribbons) that is shown above embedded in a lipid bilayer (spheres). This system will be the focus of one of the science challenges of the NWChemEx exascale computing project. The members of the project team will use the computational chemistry code they are developing - called NWChemEx - to help them understand what mechanisms underlie proton transfer and how to control calcium leakage for improved stress resistance in plants. Credit: Brookhaven National Laboratory.
5 Oct 2016 Upton - Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory will play major roles in two of the 15 fully funded application development proposals recently selected by the DOE's Exascale Computing Project (ECP) in its first-round funding of $39.8 million. Seven other proposals received seed funding.

The ECP's mission is to maximize the benefits of high-performance computing for U.S. economic competitiveness, national security, and scientific discovery. Specifically, the development efforts will focus on advanced modelling and simulation applications for next-generation supercomputers to enable advances in climate and environmental science, precision medicine, cosmology, materials science, and other fields. Led by teams from national labs, research organisations, and universities, these efforts will help guide DOE's development of a U.S. exascale computing ecosystem. Exascale computing refers to systems that can perform at least a billion-billion calculations per second, or a factor of 50 to 100 times faster than the nation's most powerful supercomputers in use today.

At Brookhaven Lab, the Computational Science Initiative (CSI) is focused on developing extreme-scale numerical modelling codes that enable new scientific discoveries in collaboration with Brookhaven's state-of-the-art experimental facilities, including the National Synchrotron Light Source II, the Center for Functional Nanomaterials, and the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider - all DOE Office of Science User Facilities. This initiative brings together computer scientists, applied mathematicians, and computational scientists to develop and extend modeling capabilities in areas such as quantum chromodynamics, materials science, chemistry, biology, and climate science.

"Founded only in December 2015, CSI has for the first time brought together leading experts across the lab to address the challenges of exascale computing. The two successful DOE Exascale Computing Project proposals demonstrate the strength of this interdisciplinary team", stated CSI Director Kerstin Kleese van Dam.

One of the two projects Brookhaven Lab will contribute to is called "Exascale Lattice Gauge Theory Opportunities and Requirements for Nuclear and High Energy Physics", led by Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. Collaborators on the project are DOE's Jefferson Lab, Boston University, Columbia University, University of Utah, Indiana University, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Stony Brook University, and College of William & Mary.

The team at Brookhaven will develop algorithms, language environments, and application codes that will enable scientists to perform lattice quantum chromodynamics (QCD) calculations on next-generation supercomputers. These calculations, along with experimental data produced by particle collisions at Brookhaven's Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider and other facilities, help physicists understand the fundamental interactions between elementary particles called quarks and gluons that represent 99% of the mass in the visible universe.

Brookhaven physicist Chulwoo Jung and Brookhaven collaborator Peter Boyle of the University of Edinburgh will apply their expertise in QCD and lead the efforts to design new algorithms and software frameworks that are crucial for the success of lattice QCD on exascale machines. Barbara Chapman, head of Brookhaven's Computer Science and Mathematics Group and a professor in the Computer Science Department at Stony Brook University, and Brookhaven computational scientist Meifeng Lin will tackle the challenge of developing high-performance programing models that will enable scientists to create software with portable performance across different exascale architectures.

The other project that Brookhaven will contribute to, "NWChemEx: Tackling Chemical, Materials and Biomolecular Challenges in the Exascale Era", will improve the scalability, performance, extensibility, and portability of the popular computational chemistry code NWChem to take full advantage of exascale computing technologies. Robert Harrison, chief scientist of CSI and director of Stony Brook University's Institute for Advanced Computational Science, will serve as chief architect, working with project director Thom Dunning of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and deputy project director Theresa Windus of Ames National Laboratory to oversee a team of computational chemists, computer scientists, and applied mathematicians. Argonne, Lawrence Berkeley, and Oak Ridge national labs and Virginia Tech are partners on the project.

The team will work to redesign the architecture of NWChem so that it is compatible with the pre-exascale and exascale computers to be deployed at the DOE's Leadership Computing Facilities and the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center. This effort will be guided by the requirements of scientific challenges in two application areas related to biomass-based energy production: developing energy crops that are resilient to adverse environmental conditions such as drought and salinity, led by Brookhaven structural biologist Qun Liu, and designing catalytic processes for sustainable biomass-to-fuel conversion, led by PNNL scientists.

Hubertus van Dam, a computational chemist at Brookhaven, will lead the testing and assessment efforts, which are designed to ensure that the project outcomes optimize societal impact. To achieve this goal, the team's science challenge domain experts will identify requirements - for example, the ability to build structural models from hundreds of thousands of atoms - that will be translated into computational problems of increasing complexity. As the team develops NWChemEx, it will assess the code's ability to solve these problems.

Source: DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2016-10-10

Exascale supercomputing

The incredible shrinking particle accelerator ...

Brookhaven Lab to play major role in 2 DOE exascale computing application projects ...

Quantum computing

More stable qubits in perfectly normal silicon ...

Focus on Europe

RSC supercomputers go West ...

Hardware

Allinea tools play vital role in advancing computational research at the VSC, Austria's largest HPC facility ...

Smallest transistor ever ...

Turning to the brain to reboot computing ...

Complex materials can self-organize into circuits, may form basis for multifunction chips ...

Wireless data centre on a chip aims to cut energy use ...

Adapteva announces 28nm 64-core Epiphany-IV microprocessor chip ...

SGI introduces unique scale-out solution for SAP HANA that protects investments when moving to real-time business ...

Applications

Clemson University scientists receive $1.8 million grant to combat Type 2 diabetes ...

Climate change intensifies night-time storms over Lake Victoria ...

Computer simulations explore how Alzheimer's disease starts ...

Rice University lab explores cement's crystalline nature to boost concrete performance ...

Rice University researchers say 2D boron may be best for flexible electronics ...

Large animals, such as the imperious African elephant, most vulnerable to impact of human expansion ...

Computer simulation finds dangerous molecule activity for ageing ...

Tornadogenesis ...

As hurricane heads up coast, a RENCI supercomputer swings into action ...

New drug candidate may reduce deficits in Parkinson's disease ...

XSEDE allocations awarded to 155 research teams across U.S. ...

OSC part of NSF-funded consortium for advancing research computing practices ...

NCSA awarded NSF grant to expand computational science education in food, energy, and water ...

Crosstalk analysis of biological networks for improved pathway annotation ...

The Cloud

Nimbix collaborates with IBM and NVIDIA to launch powerful GPU Cloud offering ...