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Primeur weekly 2012-10-08

The Cloud

ISC Cloud’12 shared new evolution images from HPC and big data in the Cloud ...

Bright Computing to present data aware Cloud bursting to the SLURM User Group ...

Oracle unveils expanded Oracle Cloud Services portfolio ...

Oracle extends Oracle Communications Billing and Revenue Management product family with innovative Oracle Communications Elastic Charging Engine ...

Oracle Enterprise Manager 12c introduces new tools and programmes for partners ...

Fujitsu Cloud solution bolsters Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University's administrative information system ...

Lending Club selects Oracle ERP Cloud Service to help increase insight and efficiencies ...

Customers live on Oracle Fusion Human Capital Management ...

Oracle continues to extend industry's no. 1 business innovation platform for the enterprise and the Cloud ...

Kwality Dairy selects IBM Cloud to drive supply chain efficiencies ...

Oracle announces ISV integration with Oracle Sales and Marketing Cloud Service ...

Oracle unveils new partner Cloud programmes at Oracle OpenWorld 2012 ...

Fujitsu Cloud solution enhances Kansai University's educational research system platform ...

HP advances software-defined networks with integrated infrastructure, controller and application solutions ...

Oracle announces Oracle Solaris 11.1 at Oracle OpenWorld ...

VMware simplifies compliance for business-critical applications in the Cloud ...

Desktop Grids

OProject@Home has been launched ...

EuroFlash

Altair's latest Compute Manager offers built-in 3D and 2D visualization of high-performance computing simulations ...

Green Brain project to create an autonomous flying robot with a honey bee brain ...

Hi-fi single photons ...

USFlash

Indiana University develops tool to improve NASA polar ice mission ...

Launch of the USA's fastest Genomic Supercomputing Platform reduces cancer genome analysis from months to seconds - One patient every 47 seconds ...

South Australian Research Facility unleashes the Tizard supercomputer ...

Mellanox InfiniBand selected by Fujitsu to accelerate the Australian National University supercomputer ...

Oracle announces Oracle Exadata X3 Database In-Memory Machine ...

Virginia Tech to tackle the Big Data challenges of next-generation sequencing with HokieSpeed ...

Iowa State researchers developing Big Data toolbox to help genome researchers ...

IBM completes acquisition of Texas Memory Systems ...

Brown University awarded $1.5 million for new Big Data tools ...

Cognitech Inc. announces release of industry's fastest mobile and tower supercomputing Forensic Video Workstations ...

Dell Smart Grid Data Management Solution enables utility companies to improve efficiency ...

New Zealand Freight Service provider adopts IBM PureSystems for IT consolidation ...

IBM boosts security, Cloud and analytics capabilities with new Power systems, storage and mainframe technologies ...

Sandia builds Android-based network to study cyber disruptions ...

Sandia gains national recognition for sustainable energy management ...

NSF announces interagency progress on administration's Big Data initiative ...

National Science Foundation awards Rutgers $1.4 million to help create ways to analyze Big Data ...

Sandia builds Android-based network to study cyber disruptions

2 Oct 2012 Livermore - As part of ongoing research to help prevent and mitigate disruptions to computer networks on the Internet, researchers at Sandia National Laboratories in California have turned their attention to smartphones and other hand-held computing devices. Sandia cyber researchers linked together 300,000 virtual hand-held computing devices running the Android operating system so they can study large networks of smartphones and find ways to make them more reliable and secure.

Android dominates the smartphone industry and runs on a range of computing gadgets.

The work is expected to result in a software tool that will allow others in the cyber research community to model similar environments and study the behaviours of smartphone networks. Ultimately, the tool will enable the computing industry to better protect hand-held devices from malicious intent.

The project builds on the success of earlier work in which Sandia focused on virtual Linux and Windows desktop systems.

"Smartphones are now ubiquitous and used as general-purpose computing devices as much as desktop or laptop computers", stated Sandia's David Fritz. "But even though they are easy targets, no one appears to be studying them at the scale we're attempting."

The Android project, dubbed MegaDroid, is expected to help researchers at Sandia and elsewhere who struggle to understand large scale networks. Soon, Sandia expects to complete a sophisticated demonstration of the MegaDroid project that could be presented to potential industry or government collaborators.

The virtual Android network at Sandia, said computer scientist John Floren, is carefully insulated from other networks at the Labs and the outside world, but can be built up into a realistic computing environment. That environment might include a full domain name service (DNS), an Internet relay chat (IRC) server, a web server and multiple subnets.

A key element of the Android project, John Floren said, is a "spoof" Global Positioning System (GPS). He and his colleagues created simulated GPS data of a smartphone user in an urban environment, an important experiment since smartphones and such key features as Bluetooth and Wi-Fi capabilities are highly location-dependent and thus could easily be controlled and manipulated by rogue actors.

The researchers then fed that data into the GPS input of an Android virtual machine. Software on the virtual machine treats the location data as indistinguishable from real GPS data, which offers researchers a much richer and more accurate emulation environment from which to analyze and study what hackers can do to smartphone networks, John Floren said.

This latest development by Sandia cyber researchers represents a significant steppingstone for those hoping to understand and limit the damage from network disruptions due to glitches in software or protocols, natural disasters, acts of terrorism, or other causes. These disruptions can cause significant economic and other losses for individual consumers, companies and governments.

"You can't defend against something you don't understand", John Floren stated. The larger the scale the better, he said, since more computer nodes offer more data for researchers to observe and study.

The research builds upon the Megatux project that started in 2009, in which Sandia scientists ran a million virtual Linux machines, and on a later project that focused on the Windows operating system, called MegaWin. Sandia researchers created those virtual networks at large scale using real Linux and Windows instances in virtual machines.

The main challenge in studying Android-based machines, the researchers say, is the sheer complexity of the software. Google, which developed the Android operating system, wrote some 14 million lines of code into the software, and the system runs on top of a Linux kernel, which more than doubles the amount of code.

"It's possible for something to go wrong on the scale of a big wireless network because of a coding mistake in an operating system or an application, and it's very hard to diagnose and fix", stated David Fritz. "You can't possibly read through 15 million lines of code and understand every possible interaction between all these devices and the network."

Much of Sandia's work on virtual computing environments will soon be available for other cyber researchers via open source. Floren and Fritz believe Sandia should continue to work on tools that industry leaders and developers can use to better diagnose and fix problems in computer networks. "Tools are only useful if they're used", stated David Fritz.

MegaDroid primarily will be useful as a tool to ferret out problems that would manifest themselves when large numbers of smartphones interact, said Keith Vanderveen, manager of Sandia's Scalable and Secure Systems Research department.

"You could also extend the technology to other platforms besides Android", stated Keith Vanderveen. "Apple's iOS, for instance, could take advantage of our body of knowledge and the toolkit we're developing." He said Sandia also plans to use MegaDroid to explore issues of data protection and data leakage, which he said concern government agencies such as the departments of Defense and Homeland Security.

Source: DOE/Sandia National Laboratories

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2012-10-08

The Cloud

ISC Cloud’12 shared new evolution images from HPC and big data in the Cloud ...

Bright Computing to present data aware Cloud bursting to the SLURM User Group ...

Oracle unveils expanded Oracle Cloud Services portfolio ...

Oracle extends Oracle Communications Billing and Revenue Management product family with innovative Oracle Communications Elastic Charging Engine ...

Oracle Enterprise Manager 12c introduces new tools and programmes for partners ...

Fujitsu Cloud solution bolsters Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University's administrative information system ...

Lending Club selects Oracle ERP Cloud Service to help increase insight and efficiencies ...

Customers live on Oracle Fusion Human Capital Management ...

Oracle continues to extend industry's no. 1 business innovation platform for the enterprise and the Cloud ...

Kwality Dairy selects IBM Cloud to drive supply chain efficiencies ...

Oracle announces ISV integration with Oracle Sales and Marketing Cloud Service ...

Oracle unveils new partner Cloud programmes at Oracle OpenWorld 2012 ...

Fujitsu Cloud solution enhances Kansai University's educational research system platform ...

HP advances software-defined networks with integrated infrastructure, controller and application solutions ...

Oracle announces Oracle Solaris 11.1 at Oracle OpenWorld ...

VMware simplifies compliance for business-critical applications in the Cloud ...

Desktop Grids

OProject@Home has been launched ...

EuroFlash

Altair's latest Compute Manager offers built-in 3D and 2D visualization of high-performance computing simulations ...

Green Brain project to create an autonomous flying robot with a honey bee brain ...

Hi-fi single photons ...

USFlash

Indiana University develops tool to improve NASA polar ice mission ...

Launch of the USA's fastest Genomic Supercomputing Platform reduces cancer genome analysis from months to seconds - One patient every 47 seconds ...

South Australian Research Facility unleashes the Tizard supercomputer ...

Mellanox InfiniBand selected by Fujitsu to accelerate the Australian National University supercomputer ...

Oracle announces Oracle Exadata X3 Database In-Memory Machine ...

Virginia Tech to tackle the Big Data challenges of next-generation sequencing with HokieSpeed ...

Iowa State researchers developing Big Data toolbox to help genome researchers ...

IBM completes acquisition of Texas Memory Systems ...

Brown University awarded $1.5 million for new Big Data tools ...

Cognitech Inc. announces release of industry's fastest mobile and tower supercomputing Forensic Video Workstations ...

Dell Smart Grid Data Management Solution enables utility companies to improve efficiency ...

New Zealand Freight Service provider adopts IBM PureSystems for IT consolidation ...

IBM boosts security, Cloud and analytics capabilities with new Power systems, storage and mainframe technologies ...

Sandia builds Android-based network to study cyber disruptions ...

Sandia gains national recognition for sustainable energy management ...

NSF announces interagency progress on administration's Big Data initiative ...

National Science Foundation awards Rutgers $1.4 million to help create ways to analyze Big Data ...