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Primeur weekly 2016-09-26

Focus

OpenPOWER and IBM at the verge of the era of cognitive computing ...

Exascale supercomputing

Supercomputers receive funding to help predict and modify new materials ...

Focus on Europe

Calling on experts to propose tutorials and workshops for ISC 2017 ...

Adept project concludes with open-source release of energy measurement tools ...

Specific Grant Agreement One signed by the European Commission and the Human Brain Project ...

University of Amsterdam coordinates cognition research in Human Brain Project ...

New EU publication on Science, research and innovation performance of the European Union ...

Middleware

Quantum names Molly Rector Vice President of Marketing ...

IBM Research and MIT collaborate to advance frontiers of artificial intelligence in real-world audio-visual comprehension technologies ...

Hardware

UC San Diego Extension and San Diego Supercomputer Center launch Modern Data Science Academy ...

TSMC and Synopsys collaboration delivers innovative technologies for the High Performance Compute (HPC) Platform ...

Cadence and TSMC advance 7nm FinFET designs for mobile and HPC platforms ...

Volkswagen innovates manufacturing with move to Verne Global ...

Kinetica unveils GPU-accelerated database for analyzing streaming data with enhanced performance, visualization and high availability ...

CORNAMI announces $3 million funding led by Impact Venture Capital ...

Mellanox Technologies appoints Alinka Flaminia as Senior Vice President and General Counsel ...

DataCore and Supermicro offer ultra-high performance enterprise class Hyper-converged solutions ...

TYAN HPC platforms add support for NVIDIA Tesla P100, P40 and P4 GPUs ...

CENATE adds powerful testbed from NVIDIA ...

Reconfigurable chaos-based microchips offer possible solution to Moore's law ...

New Hikari supercomputer starts solar HVDC ...

India's North East region's fastest supercomputer launched by honourable Union Minister for HRD at IIT Guwahati ...

DDN leverages Lustre leadership to deliver new scalability and management capabilities and open source contributions ...

Applications

Termination of lethal arrhythmia with light ...

Artificial intelligence reveals mechanism behind brain tumour ...

Tracking down the origin of mercury contamination in human hair ...

Next generation of statistical tools to be developed for the Big Data age ...

British Artificial Intelligence firm first in Europe to use advanced deep learning supercomputer ...

Denver International Airport selects Panasonic Weather Solutions for ground operations weather forecasting ...

Ansys and TSMC empower chip manufacturers to design cutting-edge multi-die chip-package systems ...

New study shows nickel graphene can be tuned for optimal fracture strength ...

Meet Rutgers' RADICAL supercomputing guru ...

NASA Career Award winner uses Blue Waters supercomputer to mine crop yield data ...

Southeast students and faculty optimize knowledge at Supercomputing Symposium ...

The Cloud

Oracle unveils its next generation Cloud strategy: Intelligent Applications ...

Oracle announces the industry's most comprehensive offering for analytics in the Cloud ...

IBM Power Systems and Red Hat extend collaboration for next-generation Cloud platforms ...

Trifacta v4 extends enterprise data wrangling to any user, any data, any Cloud ...

Salesforce introduces Salesforce Einstein - artificial intelligence for everyone ...

NASA Career Award winner uses Blue Waters supercomputer to mine crop yield data


University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign's assistant professor Kaiyu Guan is using satellite data to study corn yields.
21 Sep 2016 Urbana-Champaign - Assistant professor Kaiyu Guan's work builds off his previous research with satellite and earth system modelling. Prior to coming to Illinois, his PhD and postdoc work focused mostly on how rainfall and other components of the hydrological cycle control plant growth in tropical forests, savannas and farms.

He used some brand new capabilities of satellites to look at previously unviewable wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum, challenging intuition and finding that photosynthesis rates in tropical forests were actually higher during dry seasons, which is further confirmed by field-level measures.

"I found this out with the fluorescence wavelength. It's a very tiny signal but is directly linked with photosynthesis", stated Kaiyu Guan, who holds a joint position with the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) as a Blue Waters Professor. "Previous satellites just couldn't detect that small signal."

There are other wavelengths that satellites can look at now, such as thermal and passive/active microwaves, and Kaiyu Guan said this information has not been fully used for monitoring crops in the U.S. Corn Belt. He aims to change that.

Using thermal satellite sensors, he can detect water stress in crops, and through insights from field work, extrapolate the effects on crop yield. Using microwave sensors, he can estimate biomass yield from space uninhibited by weather - potentially to 10-meter accuracy.

"Very few have looked at crop growth with the satellite data that I'm using - they're only using visual and near-infrared", Kaiyu Guan stated. "They're very focused on one technology. I'm using a portfolio of various satellite data that's available from NASA and the European Space Agency."

With these technologies at his disposal, he is using Blue Waters to make a Corn Belt-wide dataset every day during next year's growing season to monitor crop growth. Blue Waters is being used now to determine how the different sources of data can be integrated together to create the most useful dataset possible. He's collaborating with NCSA Faculty Fellow and Assistant Professor of Computer Science Jian Peng to accomplish this with deep learning.

"The dataset will do two things: estimate crop type and crop yield. There's never been a product like that for academics - so it's very exciting", Kaiyu Guan stated.

In addition to generating this dataset, he's working with NCSA Postdoc Fellow Bin Peng to use process-based crop models to show how crops in the past have responded to climate change, and how they are going to respond into the future.

The model they're using pulls the best from two families of models in crop sciences: agronomic and earth system. Kaiyu Guan said that both types of models "naïvely" leave out or over simplify critical information. In the case of Earth System models for example, crop growth is usually too simplified. In the case of agronomic models, the so-called "light use efficiency approach" often leads to inaccurate photosynthesis rates.

"Both families of models have their pros so we combine those together to improve how we simulate critical processes for crop growth", he stated. "And then on top of that, we will integrate new types of data from these satellites to achieve a better simulation of crop yield under climate change."
Source: National Center for Supercomputing Applications - NCSA

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2016-09-26

Focus

OpenPOWER and IBM at the verge of the era of cognitive computing ...

Exascale supercomputing

Supercomputers receive funding to help predict and modify new materials ...

Focus on Europe

Calling on experts to propose tutorials and workshops for ISC 2017 ...

Adept project concludes with open-source release of energy measurement tools ...

Specific Grant Agreement One signed by the European Commission and the Human Brain Project ...

University of Amsterdam coordinates cognition research in Human Brain Project ...

New EU publication on Science, research and innovation performance of the European Union ...

Middleware

Quantum names Molly Rector Vice President of Marketing ...

IBM Research and MIT collaborate to advance frontiers of artificial intelligence in real-world audio-visual comprehension technologies ...

Hardware

UC San Diego Extension and San Diego Supercomputer Center launch Modern Data Science Academy ...

TSMC and Synopsys collaboration delivers innovative technologies for the High Performance Compute (HPC) Platform ...

Cadence and TSMC advance 7nm FinFET designs for mobile and HPC platforms ...

Volkswagen innovates manufacturing with move to Verne Global ...

Kinetica unveils GPU-accelerated database for analyzing streaming data with enhanced performance, visualization and high availability ...

CORNAMI announces $3 million funding led by Impact Venture Capital ...

Mellanox Technologies appoints Alinka Flaminia as Senior Vice President and General Counsel ...

DataCore and Supermicro offer ultra-high performance enterprise class Hyper-converged solutions ...

TYAN HPC platforms add support for NVIDIA Tesla P100, P40 and P4 GPUs ...

CENATE adds powerful testbed from NVIDIA ...

Reconfigurable chaos-based microchips offer possible solution to Moore's law ...

New Hikari supercomputer starts solar HVDC ...

India's North East region's fastest supercomputer launched by honourable Union Minister for HRD at IIT Guwahati ...

DDN leverages Lustre leadership to deliver new scalability and management capabilities and open source contributions ...

Applications

Termination of lethal arrhythmia with light ...

Artificial intelligence reveals mechanism behind brain tumour ...

Tracking down the origin of mercury contamination in human hair ...

Next generation of statistical tools to be developed for the Big Data age ...

British Artificial Intelligence firm first in Europe to use advanced deep learning supercomputer ...

Denver International Airport selects Panasonic Weather Solutions for ground operations weather forecasting ...

Ansys and TSMC empower chip manufacturers to design cutting-edge multi-die chip-package systems ...

New study shows nickel graphene can be tuned for optimal fracture strength ...

Meet Rutgers' RADICAL supercomputing guru ...

NASA Career Award winner uses Blue Waters supercomputer to mine crop yield data ...

Southeast students and faculty optimize knowledge at Supercomputing Symposium ...

The Cloud

Oracle unveils its next generation Cloud strategy: Intelligent Applications ...

Oracle announces the industry's most comprehensive offering for analytics in the Cloud ...

IBM Power Systems and Red Hat extend collaboration for next-generation Cloud platforms ...

Trifacta v4 extends enterprise data wrangling to any user, any data, any Cloud ...

Salesforce introduces Salesforce Einstein - artificial intelligence for everyone ...