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Primeur weekly 2016-09-26

Focus

OpenPOWER and IBM at the verge of the era of cognitive computing ...

Exascale supercomputing

Supercomputers receive funding to help predict and modify new materials ...

Focus on Europe

Calling on experts to propose tutorials and workshops for ISC 2017 ...

Adept project concludes with open-source release of energy measurement tools ...

Specific Grant Agreement One signed by the European Commission and the Human Brain Project ...

University of Amsterdam coordinates cognition research in Human Brain Project ...

New EU publication on Science, research and innovation performance of the European Union ...

Middleware

Quantum names Molly Rector Vice President of Marketing ...

IBM Research and MIT collaborate to advance frontiers of artificial intelligence in real-world audio-visual comprehension technologies ...

Hardware

UC San Diego Extension and San Diego Supercomputer Center launch Modern Data Science Academy ...

TSMC and Synopsys collaboration delivers innovative technologies for the High Performance Compute (HPC) Platform ...

Cadence and TSMC advance 7nm FinFET designs for mobile and HPC platforms ...

Volkswagen innovates manufacturing with move to Verne Global ...

Kinetica unveils GPU-accelerated database for analyzing streaming data with enhanced performance, visualization and high availability ...

CORNAMI announces $3 million funding led by Impact Venture Capital ...

Mellanox Technologies appoints Alinka Flaminia as Senior Vice President and General Counsel ...

DataCore and Supermicro offer ultra-high performance enterprise class Hyper-converged solutions ...

TYAN HPC platforms add support for NVIDIA Tesla P100, P40 and P4 GPUs ...

CENATE adds powerful testbed from NVIDIA ...

Reconfigurable chaos-based microchips offer possible solution to Moore's law ...

New Hikari supercomputer starts solar HVDC ...

India's North East region's fastest supercomputer launched by honourable Union Minister for HRD at IIT Guwahati ...

DDN leverages Lustre leadership to deliver new scalability and management capabilities and open source contributions ...

Applications

Termination of lethal arrhythmia with light ...

Artificial intelligence reveals mechanism behind brain tumour ...

Tracking down the origin of mercury contamination in human hair ...

Next generation of statistical tools to be developed for the Big Data age ...

British Artificial Intelligence firm first in Europe to use advanced deep learning supercomputer ...

Denver International Airport selects Panasonic Weather Solutions for ground operations weather forecasting ...

Ansys and TSMC empower chip manufacturers to design cutting-edge multi-die chip-package systems ...

New study shows nickel graphene can be tuned for optimal fracture strength ...

Meet Rutgers' RADICAL supercomputing guru ...

NASA Career Award winner uses Blue Waters supercomputer to mine crop yield data ...

Southeast students and faculty optimize knowledge at Supercomputing Symposium ...

The Cloud

Oracle unveils its next generation Cloud strategy: Intelligent Applications ...

Oracle announces the industry's most comprehensive offering for analytics in the Cloud ...

IBM Power Systems and Red Hat extend collaboration for next-generation Cloud platforms ...

Trifacta v4 extends enterprise data wrangling to any user, any data, any Cloud ...

Salesforce introduces Salesforce Einstein - artificial intelligence for everyone ...

Reconfigurable chaos-based microchips offer possible solution to Moore's law


Integrated circuit. Credit: Behnam Kia.
20 Sep 2016 Raleigh - Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed new, non-linear, chaos-based integrated circuits that enable computer chips to perform multiple functions with fewer transistors. These integrated circuits can be manufactured with "off the shelf" fabrication processes and could lead to novel computer architectures that do more with less circuitry and fewer transistors.

Moore's law states that the number of transistors on an integrated circuit will double every two years in order to keep up with processing demands. Previously this goal has been addressed by shrinking the size of individual transistors so that more could be added to the chip. However, that solution is quickly becoming untenable, and the semiconductor industry is looking for new ways to create better computer chips.

"We're reaching the limits of physics in terms of transistor size, so we need a new way to enhance the performance of microprocessors", stated Behnam Kia, senior research scholar in physics at NC State and lead author of a paper describing the work. "We propose utilizing chaos theory - the system's own non-linearity - to enable transistor circuits to be programmed to perform different tasks. A very simple non-linear transistor circuit contains very rich patterns. Different patterns that represent different functions coexist within the non-linear dynamics of the system, and they are selectable. We utilize these dynamics-level behaviors to perform different processing tasks using the same circuit. As a result we can get more out of less."

Behnam Kia and NC State colleague William Ditto, professor of physics and dean of the College of Sciences, worked on the conception, design, development and fabrication of an integrated circuit chip that contains working non-linear circuits to perform multiple different digital computations.

Traditionally, transistor-based circuits perform one task each. Computer processors operate by routing each instruction and its operands to the appropriate transistor circuit on the integrated circuit that implements that specific instruction. In Behnam Kia's design, the transistor circuit can be programmed to implement different instructions by morphing between different operations and functions.

"In current processors you don't utilize all the circuitry on the processor all the time, which is wasteful", Behnam Kia stated. "Our design allows the circuit to be rapidly morphed and reconfigured to perform a desired digital function in each clock cycle. The heart of the design is an analog nonlinear circuit, but the interface is fully digital, enabling the circuit to operate as a fully morphable digital circuit that can be easily connected to the other digital systems."

The researchers have produced an alternative approach for computing that is compatible with existing technology and utilizes the same fabrication process and CAD tools as existing computer chips, which could aid commercial adoption.

"We believe that this chip will help solve the challenges of demands for more processing power from fewer transistors", Behnam Kia stated. "The potential of 100 morphable nonlinear chaos-based circuits doing work equivalent to 100 thousand circuits, or of 100 million transistors doing work equivalent to three billion transistors holds promise for extending Moore's law - not through doubling the number of transistors every two years but through increasing what transistors are capable of when combined in non-linear and chaotic circuits."

"We are nearing commercial size and power and ease of programming in our evolving designs that could well be of significant commercial relevance within a few months with our three month design/fabrication cycle of improvements and implementations", William Ditto stated.

The work titled "An Integrated Circuit Design for a Dynamics-Based Reconfigurable Logic Block" appears in IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs. Kenneth Mobley of FirstPass Engineering also contributed to the work. The research was supported by the Office of Naval Research grant number N00014-14-C-0033.
Source: North Carolina State University

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2016-09-26

Focus

OpenPOWER and IBM at the verge of the era of cognitive computing ...

Exascale supercomputing

Supercomputers receive funding to help predict and modify new materials ...

Focus on Europe

Calling on experts to propose tutorials and workshops for ISC 2017 ...

Adept project concludes with open-source release of energy measurement tools ...

Specific Grant Agreement One signed by the European Commission and the Human Brain Project ...

University of Amsterdam coordinates cognition research in Human Brain Project ...

New EU publication on Science, research and innovation performance of the European Union ...

Middleware

Quantum names Molly Rector Vice President of Marketing ...

IBM Research and MIT collaborate to advance frontiers of artificial intelligence in real-world audio-visual comprehension technologies ...

Hardware

UC San Diego Extension and San Diego Supercomputer Center launch Modern Data Science Academy ...

TSMC and Synopsys collaboration delivers innovative technologies for the High Performance Compute (HPC) Platform ...

Cadence and TSMC advance 7nm FinFET designs for mobile and HPC platforms ...

Volkswagen innovates manufacturing with move to Verne Global ...

Kinetica unveils GPU-accelerated database for analyzing streaming data with enhanced performance, visualization and high availability ...

CORNAMI announces $3 million funding led by Impact Venture Capital ...

Mellanox Technologies appoints Alinka Flaminia as Senior Vice President and General Counsel ...

DataCore and Supermicro offer ultra-high performance enterprise class Hyper-converged solutions ...

TYAN HPC platforms add support for NVIDIA Tesla P100, P40 and P4 GPUs ...

CENATE adds powerful testbed from NVIDIA ...

Reconfigurable chaos-based microchips offer possible solution to Moore's law ...

New Hikari supercomputer starts solar HVDC ...

India's North East region's fastest supercomputer launched by honourable Union Minister for HRD at IIT Guwahati ...

DDN leverages Lustre leadership to deliver new scalability and management capabilities and open source contributions ...

Applications

Termination of lethal arrhythmia with light ...

Artificial intelligence reveals mechanism behind brain tumour ...

Tracking down the origin of mercury contamination in human hair ...

Next generation of statistical tools to be developed for the Big Data age ...

British Artificial Intelligence firm first in Europe to use advanced deep learning supercomputer ...

Denver International Airport selects Panasonic Weather Solutions for ground operations weather forecasting ...

Ansys and TSMC empower chip manufacturers to design cutting-edge multi-die chip-package systems ...

New study shows nickel graphene can be tuned for optimal fracture strength ...

Meet Rutgers' RADICAL supercomputing guru ...

NASA Career Award winner uses Blue Waters supercomputer to mine crop yield data ...

Southeast students and faculty optimize knowledge at Supercomputing Symposium ...

The Cloud

Oracle unveils its next generation Cloud strategy: Intelligent Applications ...

Oracle announces the industry's most comprehensive offering for analytics in the Cloud ...

IBM Power Systems and Red Hat extend collaboration for next-generation Cloud platforms ...

Trifacta v4 extends enterprise data wrangling to any user, any data, any Cloud ...

Salesforce introduces Salesforce Einstein - artificial intelligence for everyone ...