Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2020-08-03

Quantum computing

Simulating quantum 'time travel' disproves butterfly effect in quantum realm ...

Healing an Achilles' heel of quantum entanglement ...

Quantum machines learn "quantum data" ...

Sharing a secret in the quantum way ...

Qilimanjaro Quantum Tech, the spin-off of the University of Barcelona, the BSC and the IFAE, pioneers quantum computing in Europe ...

Focus on Europe

Hyperion Research postpones Fall HPC User Forums in Tucson, Stuttgart and Bristol, UK ...

SiPearl & Arm will be present at the Open Innovation Platform Ecosystem Forum organised by TSMC on 26 August ...

Thomas Lippert appointed Professor at Goethe University Frankfurt ...

Hewlett Packard Enterprise powers the Edinburgh International Data Facility with software, HPC, and AI solutions ...

LEGaTO project to organize Online Low Energy Heterogeneous Computing Workshop ...

Hardware

Mason researchers to receive funding for acquisition of adaptive computing infrastructure ...

Worldwide HPC industry predicted down 3,7% in 2020 due to COVID-19, first decline in ten years ...

MOX announces new and diverse fiber route between Hillsboro and Portland with Extension to Seattle ...

Penguin Computing and Pavilion Data Systems partner to bring high performance, scalable storage systems to the high performance computing market ...

Xilinx reports first quarter fiscal year 2021 results ...

Tachyum joins Trusted Computing Group to follow the same security standards as Intel and AMD ...

Supermicro and Scality collaborate to simplify deployment of enterprise software defined storage ...

Continental puts its own supercomputer for vehicle AI system training, powered by NVIDIA DGX, into operation ...

Applications

Weighing up plasma particles using a new particle-resampling algorithm ...

New interdisciplinary atmospheric physics and computer science project at Mainz University ...

Computational gene study suggests new pathway for COVID-19 inflammatory response ...

University of Maine professors receive DOE grant to design novel energy-storage materials ...

Spin, spin, spin: researchers enhance electron spin longevity ...

A centerpiece of EBRAINS' human brain atlas is presented in 'Science' ...

Research opens new neural network model pathway to understanding the brain ...

BSC takes part in cross-sector Cyber-Physical Systems project for the development of large scientific astronomical instruments ...

Re-engineering antibodies to find relief for COVID-19 ...

First Student Cluster Supercomputing Competition focusing on racial inclusion slated for January 2021 ...

Departments of Energy, Health and Human Services, and Veterans Affairs announce COVID-19 Insights Partnership ...

National Institutes of Health award $6 million to University of Connecticut Health biological computer modelling teams ...

The Cloud

Qumulo announces Cloud file offerings now available in AWS marketplace for AWS GovCloud (US) ...

Supermicro unveils new generation top-loading storage systems for high-capacity Cloud-scale deployments ...

A centerpiece of EBRAINS' human brain atlas is presented in 'Science'


The architecture of the nerve cells changes at the border between two areas (dotted line). This is the basis for mapping. The areas of the brains studied are transferred in the Julich-Brain Atlas and superimposed. Since the areas between the individual brains vary, probability maps are calculated (right brain hemisphere; red means a high probability and therefore a low variability). The left brain hemisphere shows the map of maximum probabilities for simultaneous representation of several brain areas. Credit: Forschungszentrum Juelich / Katrin Amunts.
30 Jul 2020 Jülich - "Julich-Brain" is the name of the first 3D-atlas of the human brain that reflects the variability of the brain's structure with microscopic resolution. The atlas features close to 250 structurally distinct areas, each one based on the analysis of 10 brains. More than 24.000 extremely thin brain sections were digitized, assembled in 3D and mapped by experts. As part of the new EBRAINS infrastructure of the European Human Brain Project, the atlas serves as an interface to link different information about the brain in a spatially precise way.

German researchers led by Prof. Katrin Amunts have now presented the new brain atlas in the renowned journal Science .

Under the microscope, it can be seen that the human brain is not uniformly structured, but divided into clearly distinguishable areas. They differ in the distribution and density of nerve cells and in function. With the Julich-Brain, researchers led by Katrin Amunts now present the most comprehensive digital map of the cellular architecture and make it available worldwide via the EBRAINS research infrastructure.

"On the one hand, the digital brain atlas will help to interpret the results of neuroimaging studies, for example of patients, more accurately", stated Katrin Amunts, Director at the German Research Center Juelich and Professor at the University of Duesseldorf. "On the other hand, it is becoming the basis for a kind of 'Google Earth' of the brain - because the cellular level is the best interface for linking data about very different facets of the brain."

In this way, the researchers are making a significant contribution to the Human Brain Project (HBP), for which the European Commission just approved 150 million euro until 2023. "Together with many partners in this project, we are building EBRAINS as a novel high-tech research infrastructure for the neurosciences", stated Katrin Amunts, who is also the Scientific Research Director of the project.

More than a quarter century of research has gone into the 3D atlas. Dozens of experts have used image analysis and mathematical algorithms to evaluate the tissue sections over the years and determine the boundaries between brain areas, which together make up a length of almost 2000 meters.

Mapping showed that areas vary between different brains, for example in terms of size and location. The Julich-Brain therefore displays the position and shape of individual regions as "probability maps". The researchers found particularly large differences in the Broca region, which is involved in language. In contrast, the primary visual area appeared much more uniform.

As part of EBRAINS, the Julich Brain Atlas is the starting point for bringing structure and function together. The atlas is already helping to link data on gene expression, connectivity and functional activity, for example, to better understand brain functions and the mechanisms of diseases. "EBRAINS also enables us to use the maps for simulations or to apply artificial intelligence to explore the division of labour between brain areas. The huge amounts of data generated from this are processed using the EBRAINS computing platform." The computational power comes from the new European supercomputing network FENIX, which is formed by five leading centres for High Performance Computing, including the Jülich Supercomputing Centre (JSC).

"It is exciting to see how far the combination of brain research and digital technologies has progressed", stated Katrin Amunts. "Many of these developments converge in the Julich-Brain-Atlas and on EBRAINS. They help us - and more and more researchers worldwide - to better understand the complex organisation of the brain and to jointly uncover how things are connected."

Source: Human Brain Project

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2020-08-03

Quantum computing

Simulating quantum 'time travel' disproves butterfly effect in quantum realm ...

Healing an Achilles' heel of quantum entanglement ...

Quantum machines learn "quantum data" ...

Sharing a secret in the quantum way ...

Qilimanjaro Quantum Tech, the spin-off of the University of Barcelona, the BSC and the IFAE, pioneers quantum computing in Europe ...

Focus on Europe

Hyperion Research postpones Fall HPC User Forums in Tucson, Stuttgart and Bristol, UK ...

SiPearl & Arm will be present at the Open Innovation Platform Ecosystem Forum organised by TSMC on 26 August ...

Thomas Lippert appointed Professor at Goethe University Frankfurt ...

Hewlett Packard Enterprise powers the Edinburgh International Data Facility with software, HPC, and AI solutions ...

LEGaTO project to organize Online Low Energy Heterogeneous Computing Workshop ...

Hardware

Mason researchers to receive funding for acquisition of adaptive computing infrastructure ...

Worldwide HPC industry predicted down 3,7% in 2020 due to COVID-19, first decline in ten years ...

MOX announces new and diverse fiber route between Hillsboro and Portland with Extension to Seattle ...

Penguin Computing and Pavilion Data Systems partner to bring high performance, scalable storage systems to the high performance computing market ...

Xilinx reports first quarter fiscal year 2021 results ...

Tachyum joins Trusted Computing Group to follow the same security standards as Intel and AMD ...

Supermicro and Scality collaborate to simplify deployment of enterprise software defined storage ...

Continental puts its own supercomputer for vehicle AI system training, powered by NVIDIA DGX, into operation ...

Applications

Weighing up plasma particles using a new particle-resampling algorithm ...

New interdisciplinary atmospheric physics and computer science project at Mainz University ...

Computational gene study suggests new pathway for COVID-19 inflammatory response ...

University of Maine professors receive DOE grant to design novel energy-storage materials ...

Spin, spin, spin: researchers enhance electron spin longevity ...

A centerpiece of EBRAINS' human brain atlas is presented in 'Science' ...

Research opens new neural network model pathway to understanding the brain ...

BSC takes part in cross-sector Cyber-Physical Systems project for the development of large scientific astronomical instruments ...

Re-engineering antibodies to find relief for COVID-19 ...

First Student Cluster Supercomputing Competition focusing on racial inclusion slated for January 2021 ...

Departments of Energy, Health and Human Services, and Veterans Affairs announce COVID-19 Insights Partnership ...

National Institutes of Health award $6 million to University of Connecticut Health biological computer modelling teams ...

The Cloud

Qumulo announces Cloud file offerings now available in AWS marketplace for AWS GovCloud (US) ...

Supermicro unveils new generation top-loading storage systems for high-capacity Cloud-scale deployments ...