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Primeur weekly 2019-08-26

Quantum computing

Atos and C-DAC sign Cooperation Agreement for global advancement in Quantum Computing, Artificial Intelligence and Exascale Computing in India ...

Quantum computers to become portable ...

Detraction-free light-matter interaction ...

A University of Massachusetts researcher is shaping the future of technology ...

Schrödinger's cat with 20 qubits ...

Focus on Europe

Registration opens for HPC User Forums at CSCS and EPCC ...

EXDCI to issue Call for Proposals for project spin-off ...

PRACE Autumn School 2019 to address Big Data and HPC ...

Hardware

IBM demonstrates commitment to open hardware movement ...

HPE builds NASA new supercomputer to support future human mission to moon ...

Xilinx announces the world's largest FPGA featuring 9 million system logic cells ...

NetApp provides faster, more efficient solution for analytics and HPC applications ...

Applications

Katharine Cahill named mentor for NSF XSEDE Campus Champion Fellow ...

First Monterey Data Conference does deep dive into Deep Learning for Science ...

Researchers get first microscopic look at a tiny phenomenon with big potential implications ...

Computer model could help test new sickle cell drugs ...

NJIT's Bipin Rajendran is named a Senior Member of the National Academy of Inventors ...

Sofja Kovalevskaja Award brings superconducting spintronics expertise to Konstanz ...

eScience Center and SURF to organize workshop on Machine Learning ...

XSEDE supercomputers aid in novel simulations of X-ray laser research laser pulse visualizations powered by SDSC and TACC supercomputers ...

The Cloud

NVIDIA and VMware to accelerate machine learning, data science and AI workloads on VMware Cloud on AWS accelerated by NVIDIA GPUs ...

VMware announces VMware Tanzu portfolio to transform the way enterprises build, run and manage software on Kubernetes ...

IBM developing new Cloud services and technology to help keep data secured from future fault-tolerant quantum computers ...

A University of Massachusetts researcher is shaping the future of technology


Archana Kamal of UMass Lowell is leading research in the emerging field of quantum information science, which could ultimately form the foundation for the next generation of computing and information processing, as well as other innovative technologies. Credit: Edwin L. Aguirre for UMass Lowell.
23 Aug 2019 Lowell - A University of Massachusetts Lowell professor has won two US Department of Energy grants totaling $1,8 million to fund research to spur advances in everything from information processing to our understanding of gravity and cosmic evolution. Archana Kamal, an assistant professor in UMass Lowell's Department of Physics and Applied Physics, will use the Department of Energy grants to expand her research into the emerging field of quantum information science (QIS).

The first grant, worth $1,5 million, was awarded through the Department of Energy's Basic Energy Sciences program. It will enable Archana Kamal, who is leading the project, and partners including researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Boulder Laboratories to develop quantum technologies that can ultimately form the foundation for the next generation of computing and information processing, as well as other innovative technologies.

The researchers will work on projects ranging from developing noise-resilient techniques for quantum computing to using quantum feedback for real-time error correction. One of the primary focuses will be to wield such approaches for generation and control of stable "entangled states" that form the foundation for several quantum information technologies. Entangled states are special quantum states in which the information is encoded or hidden in correlations between two or more systems, such that each system can access only partial information or none at all.

"Using an analogy put forward by Prof. John Preskill of Caltech, an entangled system can be thought of as a book full of information. An ordinary book can be read page by page. But in this quantum book, if you try to read each page individually, you get gibberish because the information is hidden in how the different pages are correlated to each other", explained Archana Kamal. "Entangled states however are especially fragile in the face of decoherence, a phenomenon that can be viewed as the loss of information from a quantum system into the environment."

The Basic Energy Sciences grant will enable the team to develop and test protocols for generating entanglement that is stable and inherently robust against decoherence, a major obstacle in quantum computing.

"Preserving quantum correlations against decoherence remains one of the biggest challenges in the path toward scalable quantum computing, and the protocols developed under the DOE grant will provide a new method to overcome this problem", Archana Kamal stated.

The QIS research is expected to lead to new medical, national security and scientific applications and future quantum computers will eventually be able to solve large, highly complex problems beyond the capacity of today's most powerful supercomputers.

The second grant, worth about $360.000 and awarded through the Department of Energy's High-Energy Physics programme, was given to Archana Kamal and fellow UMass Lowell Assistant Prof. Nishant Agarwal, who is the lead on this project, as well as to collaborators from Penn State and UMass Boston. The aim of this programme is to extend open quantum systems framework for tackling foundational questions about origins of the early universe, as well as apply quantum-information-theoretic tools for probing exotic gravitational phenomenon such as black holes.

Archana Kamal leads the Quantum Engineering Science and Technology (QUEST) Group at UMass Lowell, which focuses on building quantum processors that can be engineered like classical computers, while intrinsically behaving quantum-mechanically like atoms. Her work has enabled noise-resilient artificial atoms called quantum bits or "qubits" - the basic unit of quantum information - that can encode and preserve data long enough for processing, as well as new measurement protocols that can read out, transmit and amplify quantum information with high efficiency.

"Our ultimate goal is to enable quantum technologies that can form the backbone of future quantum computers, which hold out the promise of offering unprecedented advantages over their classical counterparts", stated Archana Kamal, who was one of the MIT Technology Review's 2018 Innovators Under 35 in the "Visionaries" category.

Source: University of Massachusetts Lowell

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2019-08-26

Quantum computing

Atos and C-DAC sign Cooperation Agreement for global advancement in Quantum Computing, Artificial Intelligence and Exascale Computing in India ...

Quantum computers to become portable ...

Detraction-free light-matter interaction ...

A University of Massachusetts researcher is shaping the future of technology ...

Schrödinger's cat with 20 qubits ...

Focus on Europe

Registration opens for HPC User Forums at CSCS and EPCC ...

EXDCI to issue Call for Proposals for project spin-off ...

PRACE Autumn School 2019 to address Big Data and HPC ...

Hardware

IBM demonstrates commitment to open hardware movement ...

HPE builds NASA new supercomputer to support future human mission to moon ...

Xilinx announces the world's largest FPGA featuring 9 million system logic cells ...

NetApp provides faster, more efficient solution for analytics and HPC applications ...

Applications

Katharine Cahill named mentor for NSF XSEDE Campus Champion Fellow ...

First Monterey Data Conference does deep dive into Deep Learning for Science ...

Researchers get first microscopic look at a tiny phenomenon with big potential implications ...

Computer model could help test new sickle cell drugs ...

NJIT's Bipin Rajendran is named a Senior Member of the National Academy of Inventors ...

Sofja Kovalevskaja Award brings superconducting spintronics expertise to Konstanz ...

eScience Center and SURF to organize workshop on Machine Learning ...

XSEDE supercomputers aid in novel simulations of X-ray laser research laser pulse visualizations powered by SDSC and TACC supercomputers ...

The Cloud

NVIDIA and VMware to accelerate machine learning, data science and AI workloads on VMware Cloud on AWS accelerated by NVIDIA GPUs ...

VMware announces VMware Tanzu portfolio to transform the way enterprises build, run and manage software on Kubernetes ...

IBM developing new Cloud services and technology to help keep data secured from future fault-tolerant quantum computers ...