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Primeur weekly 2018-08-13

Focus

DEEP-EST project is exploring the nuts and bolts of mildly disruptive modular supercomputing architecture ...

Gidel's FPGAs only use 1% of their capacity for lossless compression and encryption ...

German HPC and EuroHPC, a question of competitive collaboration benefiting science ...

Quantum computing

NSF launches effort to create practical quantum computer ...

The Rigetti 128-qubit chip and what it means for quantum ...

Quantum chains in graphene nanoribbons ...

Tying electrons down with nanoribbons ...

Focus on Europe

Falling moons: When proto-Earth met its makers - German and Israeli supercomputers spend 100 weeks crunching astronomical numbers ...

PRACE SHAPE Programme supports three further SMEs ...

High Performance Computing for a better agriculture ...

ExCAPE: developing new medicines with high performance computing ...

RDA Grants for Early Careers and Experts - Join the 12th RDA Plenary, 5-8 November 2018, Botswana as part of the International Data Week 2018 ...

Middleware

NetApp and NVIDIA supercharge deep learning with new AI architecture ...

Ohio Supercomputer Center hosting sixth meeting of the MVAPICH Users Group ...

Julia 1.0 has now been released ...

Hardware

Supermicro opens new era of petascale computing with a family of all-flash NVMe 1U systems scalable up to a petabyte of high performance storage ...

DDN building new flash enterprise virtualisation and analytics division with 100 new hires planned through September ...

Co-construction of the future university: Sugon signs with XJTLU ...

Intel launches world's densest, totally silent solid state drive ...

Intel's vision for the future of memory and storage with Optane + QLC ...

University of Texas at Arlington researcher working to use computer cache to speed up memory access ...

Applications

Blue Waters professor Kaiyu Guan receives AGU Early Career Award ...

NCSA Brown Dog project wins Best Technical Paper at PEARC18 ...

2018 NCSA Blue Waters Symposium presentations now available ...

Supercomputer simulations show new target in HIV-1 replication ...

Blue Waters professor Kaiyu Guan receives AGU Early Career Award


10 Aug 2018 Urbana - What if we could predict, in real-time, crop productivity and water use for the entire United States corn belt? Using the help of the National Center for Supercomputing Applications' (NCSA) Blue Waters supercomputer, Blue Waters Professor Kaiyu Guan has found a way to simulate and project crop growth and water use to help ensure food security and environmental sustainability, while also optimizing farm efficiency for the entire American corn belt.

This groundbreaking research will have broad applications, from a food consumer to an independent farmer, to government decision makers. Due to the wide-breadth and innovative nature of Kaiyu Guan's work, he was recently awarded with the 2018 Global Environmental Change Early Career award from the American Geophysical Union (AGU), which seeks to award outstanding interdisciplinary contributions in research, education, or society in the area of global environmental change.

Kaiyu Guan, the sole NCSA Blue Waters Professor from the College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences (ACES), was honoured by the AGU for combining computer science with agriculture and environmental sustainability, using the power of NCSA's Blue Waters supercomputer to simulate crop growth, predict crop yields, and assess environmental sustainability.

"NCSA generously gave me the Blue Waters Professorship, which has allowed me to fully leverage the supercomputer resources on campus", stated Kaiyu Guan. "There are three ways we use Blue Waters extensively. First of all, we use Blue Waters to develop models to simulate crop growth in the entire US corn belt, either in the current climate or in future climates. The second thing we are doing is using Blue Waters to process hundreds of terabytes of satellite data to have the capacity to real-time monitor every crop field in the US corn belt. We have also used the GPUs in Blue Waters to build various machine learning algorithms to integrate domain knowledge and satellite data to predict real-time crop yields, crop water needs, and soil nitrogen conditions."

With these interdisciplinary tools to model, monitor and predict agricultural ecosystems, the research of Kaiyu Guan and his team is advancing in relevance. As the climate continues to change, and human demands for food and energy continues to mount, real-time monitoring and adaptation assessments for agricultural systems are becoming urgently needed for both the government and individual farmers.

"We want to build the tools, by leveraging our domain knowledge, satellites, machine learning and supercomputing, for both farmers and for the government", Kaiyu Guan stated. "What I really hope to see is that we can help farmers understand their field’s condition by reporting real-time monitoring information that we generated. This way, farmers will know their expected yield production, understand how much water and nitrogen is in their soil, and how much irrigation and fertilizer they may need."

With the help of NCSA's Blue Waters supercomputer, Kaiyu Guan isn't limited to modeling small parcels of land in the US Corn Belt. The developed technology has potentials to apply to any places in the Earth, and ultimately contribute to the global food security and environmental sustainability.

"I hope to let farmers have all of this information to help them to optimize their practices and increase the economic prospects from their land, while at the same time keeping their land sustainable so it can be worked for multiple generations without worrying about the degradation of the land."
Source: National Center for Supercomputing Applications - NCSA

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2018-08-13

Focus

DEEP-EST project is exploring the nuts and bolts of mildly disruptive modular supercomputing architecture ...

Gidel's FPGAs only use 1% of their capacity for lossless compression and encryption ...

German HPC and EuroHPC, a question of competitive collaboration benefiting science ...

Quantum computing

NSF launches effort to create practical quantum computer ...

The Rigetti 128-qubit chip and what it means for quantum ...

Quantum chains in graphene nanoribbons ...

Tying electrons down with nanoribbons ...

Focus on Europe

Falling moons: When proto-Earth met its makers - German and Israeli supercomputers spend 100 weeks crunching astronomical numbers ...

PRACE SHAPE Programme supports three further SMEs ...

High Performance Computing for a better agriculture ...

ExCAPE: developing new medicines with high performance computing ...

RDA Grants for Early Careers and Experts - Join the 12th RDA Plenary, 5-8 November 2018, Botswana as part of the International Data Week 2018 ...

Middleware

NetApp and NVIDIA supercharge deep learning with new AI architecture ...

Ohio Supercomputer Center hosting sixth meeting of the MVAPICH Users Group ...

Julia 1.0 has now been released ...

Hardware

Supermicro opens new era of petascale computing with a family of all-flash NVMe 1U systems scalable up to a petabyte of high performance storage ...

DDN building new flash enterprise virtualisation and analytics division with 100 new hires planned through September ...

Co-construction of the future university: Sugon signs with XJTLU ...

Intel launches world's densest, totally silent solid state drive ...

Intel's vision for the future of memory and storage with Optane + QLC ...

University of Texas at Arlington researcher working to use computer cache to speed up memory access ...

Applications

Blue Waters professor Kaiyu Guan receives AGU Early Career Award ...

NCSA Brown Dog project wins Best Technical Paper at PEARC18 ...

2018 NCSA Blue Waters Symposium presentations now available ...

Supercomputer simulations show new target in HIV-1 replication ...