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Primeur weekly 2016-08-29

Exascale supercomputing

World's biggest telescope meets world's second fastest supercomputer ...

NSF awards $110 million for advanced cyberinfrastructure to nation's scientists and engineers ...

Neuromorphic computing market worth $6,480.1 million by 2024 according to Grand View Research Inc. ...

University of Texas at Arlington physicists to upgrade Titan supercomputer software for extreme scale applications ...

Quantum computing

Artificial atom created in graphene ...

Focus on Europe

Next steps in understanding brain function ...

New approach to computing boosts energy efficiency ...

Silicon nanoparticles trained to juggle light ...

Middleware

Avere Systems and Cycle Computing provide one-click Cloud compute scalability ...

Hardware

SCinet Inventory: High performance storage - untangling 89 miles of fiber ...

New microchip demonstrates efficiency and scalable design ...

Programmable routers could enable more resilient networks ...

Chaos could provide the key to enhanced wireless communications ...

Secure networks for the Internet of the future ...

Mellanox expands Asia-Pacific presence, new Singapore headquarters and state-of-the-art Solutions Centre to strengthen footprint in Asia ...

IDT and IBM develop high-performance computing solution for telecom edge computing networks ...

Applications

IBM Research opens in South Africa; Cognitive computing and the IoT help track diseases and forecast air quality ...

ACM Gordon Bell Prize recognizes top accomplishments in running science apps on HPC ...

Insights into the dawn of the universe ...

Reef castaways: Can coral make it across Darwin's impassable barrier? ...

RAND and Lawrence Livermore National Lab combine computing & public policy analysis ...

Problems in mechanics open the door to the orderly world of chaos ...

New approach to determining how atoms are arranged in materials ...

Post-disaster optimization technique capable of analyzing entire cities ...

Where does AlphaGo go? ...

PPPL and Princeton help lead centre for study of runaway electrons ...

NSF funds new integrative approaches to study the brain ...

Streamlining accelerated computing for industry ...

Finalists compete for prestigious ACM Gordon Bell Prize in High Performance Computing ...

University of Texas at Austin and Technical University of Dresden PhD students to receive International High Performance Computing Fellowships ...

The Cloud

IBM expands all-flash storage offerings for Cloud and cognitive computing ...

Bodhi Healthcare Group brings Cloud-based health care solution to Chinese hospital with IBM LinuxONE ...

Where does AlphaGo go?


Go: a game of complexity and a symbol for unity of contradiction. Credit: Chinese Association of Automation.
25 Aug 2016 Shanghai - On March 15, 2016, Lee Sodol, an 18-time world champion of the ancient Chinese board game of Go, was defeated by AlphaGo, a computer programme. The event is one of the most historic in the field of artificial intelligence since Deep Blue bested chess Grandmaster Garry Kasparov in the late 1990s. The difference is that AlphaGo may represent an even bigger turning point in AI research. As outlined in a recently published paper, AlphaGo and programmes like it possess the computational architecture to handle complex problems that lie well beyond the game table.

Invented over twenty-five hundred years ago in China, Go is a game in which two players battle for territory on a gridded board by strategically laying black or white stones. While the rules that govern play are simple, Go is vastly more complex than chess. In chess, the total number of possible games is on the order of 10,100. But the number for Go is 10,700. That level of complexity is much too high to use the same computational tricks used to make Deep Blue a chess master. And this complexity is what makes Go so attractive to AI researchers. A programme that could learn to play Go well would in some ways approach the complexity of human intelligence.

Perhaps surprisingly, the team that developed AlphaGo, Google Deep Mind, did not create any new concepts or methods of artificial intelligence. Instead, the secret to AlphaGo's success is how it integrates and implements recent data-driven AI approaches, especially deep learning. This branch of AI deals with learning how to recognize highly abstract patterns in unlabeled data sets, mainly by using computational networks that mirror how the brain processes information.

According to the authors, this kind of neural network approach can be considered a specific example of a more general technique called ACP, which is short for "artificial systems", "computational experiments", and "parallel execution". ACP effectively reduces the game space AlphaGo must search through to decide on a move. Instead of wading through all possible moves it can make, AlphaGo is trained to recognize game patterns by continuously playing games against itself and examining its game play history. In effect, AlphaGo gets a feel for what Go players call "the shape of a game".

Developing this kind of intuition is what the authors believe can also advance the management of complex engineering, economic, and social problems. The idea is that any decision problem that can be solved by a human being can also be solved by any AlphaGo-like programme. This proposal, which the authors advance as the AlphaGo thesis, is a decision-oriented version of the Church-Turing thesis, which states that a simple computer called a Turing machine can compute all functions computable by humans.

AlphaGo's recent triumph therefore holds a lot of promise for the field of artificial intelligence. Although advances in deep learning that extend beyond the game of Go will likely be the result of decades more research, AlphaGo is a good start.

Source: Chinese Association of Automation

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2016-08-29

Exascale supercomputing

World's biggest telescope meets world's second fastest supercomputer ...

NSF awards $110 million for advanced cyberinfrastructure to nation's scientists and engineers ...

Neuromorphic computing market worth $6,480.1 million by 2024 according to Grand View Research Inc. ...

University of Texas at Arlington physicists to upgrade Titan supercomputer software for extreme scale applications ...

Quantum computing

Artificial atom created in graphene ...

Focus on Europe

Next steps in understanding brain function ...

New approach to computing boosts energy efficiency ...

Silicon nanoparticles trained to juggle light ...

Middleware

Avere Systems and Cycle Computing provide one-click Cloud compute scalability ...

Hardware

SCinet Inventory: High performance storage - untangling 89 miles of fiber ...

New microchip demonstrates efficiency and scalable design ...

Programmable routers could enable more resilient networks ...

Chaos could provide the key to enhanced wireless communications ...

Secure networks for the Internet of the future ...

Mellanox expands Asia-Pacific presence, new Singapore headquarters and state-of-the-art Solutions Centre to strengthen footprint in Asia ...

IDT and IBM develop high-performance computing solution for telecom edge computing networks ...

Applications

IBM Research opens in South Africa; Cognitive computing and the IoT help track diseases and forecast air quality ...

ACM Gordon Bell Prize recognizes top accomplishments in running science apps on HPC ...

Insights into the dawn of the universe ...

Reef castaways: Can coral make it across Darwin's impassable barrier? ...

RAND and Lawrence Livermore National Lab combine computing & public policy analysis ...

Problems in mechanics open the door to the orderly world of chaos ...

New approach to determining how atoms are arranged in materials ...

Post-disaster optimization technique capable of analyzing entire cities ...

Where does AlphaGo go? ...

PPPL and Princeton help lead centre for study of runaway electrons ...

NSF funds new integrative approaches to study the brain ...

Streamlining accelerated computing for industry ...

Finalists compete for prestigious ACM Gordon Bell Prize in High Performance Computing ...

University of Texas at Austin and Technical University of Dresden PhD students to receive International High Performance Computing Fellowships ...

The Cloud

IBM expands all-flash storage offerings for Cloud and cognitive computing ...

Bodhi Healthcare Group brings Cloud-based health care solution to Chinese hospital with IBM LinuxONE ...