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Primeur weekly 2012-08-20

The Cloud

ISC Cloud'12 keynote session to investigate Helix Nebula, Europe's Science Cloud ...

HP delivers innovations to power Cloud computing ...

Numira Biosciences and Penguin Computing to bring advanced graphics processing to the Cloud for pre-clinical imaging ...

OpenStack technology preview available from Red Hat ...

Tata Consultancy Services to enhance high performance application and Cloud offerings; acquires Pune-based start-up CRL ...

EuroFlash

LHC experiments bring new insight into matter of the primordial Universe ...

IBM scientists waltz closer to using spintronics in computing ...

Electronic read-out of quantum bits ...

Supercomputers solve riddle of congenital heart defects ...

HPC Advisory Council and the International Supercomputing Conference announce Call for Submissions for HPCAC-ISC 2013 Student Cluster Challenge ...

Major step taken towards 'unbreakable' message exchange ...

USFlash

Cray to add NVIDIA Kepler GPUs to its next-generation "Cascade" supercomputer ...

Fujitsu to supply new supercomputer system to the University of Tokyo's Institute for Solid State Physics ...

Educational institutions improve aging legacy networks with HP ...

IBM plans to acquire Texas Memory Systems ...

Victor Chandler betting on SAS ...

Skyera set to dramatically change enterprise Flash adoption landscape ...

HydroShare aims to help scientists collaborate on water-related problems ...

Acceleware updates RTM featuring enhanced imaging and NVIDIA Kepler support ...

New Research Points to Advances in Quantum Computing ...

IBM scientists waltz closer to using spintronics in computing

12 Aug 2012 Zurich - Aiming to use electron spins for storing, transporting and processing information, researchers from IBM and scientists at ETH Zurich, a major European university, have revealed the first-ever direct mapping of the formation of a persistent spin helix in a semiconductor.

Until now, it was unclear whether or not electron spins possessed the capability to preserve the encoded information long enough before rotating. Unveiled in the peer-reviewed journalNature Physics, scientists from IBM Research and the Solid State Physics Laboratory at ETH Zurich demonstrated that synchronizing electrons extends the spin lifetime of the electron by 30 times to 1.1 nanoseconds - the same time it takes for an existing 1 GHz processor to cycle.

Today's computing technology encodes and processes data by the electrical charge of electrons. However, this technique is limited as the semiconductor dimensions continue to shrink to the point where the flow of electrons can no longer be controlled. Spintronics could surmount this approaching impasse by harnessing the spin of electrons instead of their charge.

This new understanding in spintronics not only gives scientists unprecedented control over the magnetic movements inside devices but also opens new possibilities for creating more energy efficient electronics.

A previously unknown aspect of physics, the scientists observed how electron spins move tens of micrometers in a semiconductor with their orientations synchronously rotating along the path similar to a couple dancing the waltz, the famous Viennese ballroom dance where couples rotate.

Dr. Gian Salis of the Physics of Nanoscale Systems research group at IBM Research - Zurich explained: "If all couples start with the women facing north, after a while the rotating pairs are oriented in different directions. We can now lock the rotation speed of the dancers to the direction they move. This results in a perfect choreography where all the women in a certain area face the same direction. This control and ability to manipulate and observe the spin is an important step in the development of spin-based transistors that are electrically programmable."

IBM scientists used ultra short laser pulses to monitor the evolution of thousands of electron spins that were created simultaneously in a very small spot. Atypically, where such spins would randomly rotate and quickly loose their orientation, for the first time, the scientists could observe how these spins arrange neatly into a regular stripe-like pattern, the so-called persistent spin helix.

The concept of locking the spin rotation was originally proposed in theory back in 2003 and since that time some experiments have even found indications of such locking, but until now it had never been directly observed.

IBM scientists imaged the synchronous 'waltz' of the electron spins by using a time-resolved scanning microscope technique. The synchronization of the electron spin rotation made it possible to observe the spins travel for more than 10 micrometers or one-hundredth of a millimeter, increasing the possibility to use the spin for processing logical operations, both fast and energy-efficiently.

The reason for the synchronous spin motion is a carefully engineered spin-orbit interaction, a physical mechanism that couples the spin with the motion of the electron. The semiconductor material called gallium arsenide (GaAs) was produced by scientists at ETH Zurich who are known as world-experts in growing ultra-clean and atomically precise semiconductor structures. GaAs is a III/V semiconductor commonly used in the manufacture of devices such as integrated circuits, infrared light-emitting diodes and highly efficient solar cells.

Transferring spin electronics from the laboratory to the market still remains a major challenge. Spintronics research takes place at very low temperatures at which electron spins interact minimally with the environment. In the case of this particular research IBM scientists worked at 40 Kelvin (-233 C, -387 F).

This work was financially supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation through National Center of Competence in Research (NCCR) Nanoscale Sciences and NCCR Quantum Science and Technology.

The scientific paper entitled "Direct mapping of the formation of a persistent spin helix" by M.P. Walser, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider and G. Salis was published on-line inNature Physics, DOI 10.1038/NPHYS2383 (12 August 2012).
Source: IBM

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2012-08-20

The Cloud

ISC Cloud'12 keynote session to investigate Helix Nebula, Europe's Science Cloud ...

HP delivers innovations to power Cloud computing ...

Numira Biosciences and Penguin Computing to bring advanced graphics processing to the Cloud for pre-clinical imaging ...

OpenStack technology preview available from Red Hat ...

Tata Consultancy Services to enhance high performance application and Cloud offerings; acquires Pune-based start-up CRL ...

EuroFlash

LHC experiments bring new insight into matter of the primordial Universe ...

IBM scientists waltz closer to using spintronics in computing ...

Electronic read-out of quantum bits ...

Supercomputers solve riddle of congenital heart defects ...

HPC Advisory Council and the International Supercomputing Conference announce Call for Submissions for HPCAC-ISC 2013 Student Cluster Challenge ...

Major step taken towards 'unbreakable' message exchange ...

USFlash

Cray to add NVIDIA Kepler GPUs to its next-generation "Cascade" supercomputer ...

Fujitsu to supply new supercomputer system to the University of Tokyo's Institute for Solid State Physics ...

Educational institutions improve aging legacy networks with HP ...

IBM plans to acquire Texas Memory Systems ...

Victor Chandler betting on SAS ...

Skyera set to dramatically change enterprise Flash adoption landscape ...

HydroShare aims to help scientists collaborate on water-related problems ...

Acceleware updates RTM featuring enhanced imaging and NVIDIA Kepler support ...

New Research Points to Advances in Quantum Computing ...