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Primeur weekly 2018-07-30

Focus

Verne Global turns clever SME ideas into Cloud compute reality with hpcDIRECT in free-cooled Icelandic data centres ...

Opin Kerfi goes big with HPC cluster leasing and co-location in Iceland offering free cooling and purity of air ...

Quantum computing

World-first quantum computer simulation of chemical bonds using trapped ions ...

Demon in the details of quantum thermodynamics ...

Tuning into quantum: Scientists unlock signal frequency control of precision atom qubits ...

Hardware

BrainChip to showcase neuromorphic computing solutions at MPSoC ...

BrainChip unveils the Akida Development Environment ...

Cray delivers powerful supercomputer dedicated to astronomy to National Astronomical Observatory of Japan ...

Intel stops production of Knights Landing/Xeon Phi processors ...

AFRL and IBM unveil world's largest neuromorphic digital synaptic supercomputer ...

Supermicro joins Board of the Storage Networking Industry Association to accelerate all-flash NVMe storage advancements and adoption ...

Underlying mechanism discovered for magnetic effect in superconducting spintronics ...

Applications

Oracle TimesTen Scaleout sets new performance standard for in-memory databases ...

Artificial Intelligence in Cybersecurity wins Lorentz-eScience competition 2018 ...

ACM's SIGHPC to announce 2018 Fellowship winners ...

International IEEE eScience Conference issues Call for conference travel and attendance grants ...

Texas Women in HPC Chapter formed ...

Researchers find new way to target flu virus ...

Newest supercomputer to help develop fusion energy in international device ...

XSEDE allocates $7,3 million worth of computing time to U.S. researchers in latest allocation cycle ...

Ruby Mendenhall charts progress using HPC and Big Data to flag unidentified historical sources on African American women's lives ...

XSEDE announces 2018-2019 Campus Champions Fellows ...

The Cloud

On-demand high performance Cloud computing for today's most demanding workflows offered by PADT in partnership with Nimbix ...

Share your thoughts and vote on the evolution of EOSC and FAIR data ...

EGI Foundation and Terradue signed a Memorandum of Understanding ...

HPE advances intelligent storage capabilities with AI and Cloud automation for HPE 3PAR ...

Underlying mechanism discovered for magnetic effect in superconducting spintronics


Sketch of the magnetic effects the superconductor-ferromagnet bilayer has both when the layers are separated from each other and when they are put in contact. Credit: Sergey Mironov.
10 Jul 2018 Washington D.C. - The emerging field of spintronics leverages electron spin and magnetization. This could enhance the storage capacity of computer hard drives and potentially play an important role in quantum computing's future. Superconductor-ferromagnet (SF) structures are widely regarded as the building blocks of this superconducting spintronic technology. More conventional spintronic devices typically require large currents, so researchers are investigating the viability of low-resistance superconductors. Their new results could answer longstanding questions about how SF structures interact.

An international team of researchers recently revealed a general mechanism of the long-range electromagnetic proximity effect in SF structures inApplied Physics Letters, from AIP Publishing. They explain that SF interactions led to a strong spread of stray magnetic field to the superconductor from the ferromagnet. The group's findings could help determine why ferromagnetic films transferred magnetic fields to their corresponding superconductors at distances longer than theoretically predicted.

"We expect our work will not only explain the existing puzzling experimental data on electrodynamics of superconductor-ferromagnet structures but also will provide the basis for the analysis of electrodynamics of any device of superconducting spintronics", Alexander Buzdin and Alexander Melnikov, co-authors of the paper, said in a joint statement.

Magnetic layers are used in spintronic devices to change and read the spin signals of an electron in an adjacent conducting material. In extremely low-temperature superconducting spintronics, bound electrons, called Cooper pairs, penetrate the ferromagnet layer. This in turn accelerates superconducting carriers to induce a current in the superconductor.

Scientists previously thought that the interplay between the system's superconducting and ferromagnetic components occurred solely from superconducting Cooper pairs penetrating into the adjacent ferromagnet. Alexander Buzdin explained how in the case of normal, non-superconducting metal, for example, the spread of the magnetic field in the opposite direction from the ferromagnet into the metal layers is possible only at the atomic length scale. "For a superconducting material, it was believed that the scale of this spread (small) is of the order of the size of the Cooper pair, about 10 nanometers", stated Alexander Buzdin.

Recent experimental results by other groups, however, showed a magnetic field could be present in the superconductor at distances one order of magnitude greater than expected. To start solving this puzzle, the group modeled a SF bilayer system before and after its superconductor and ferromagnet components came into contact. They found that screening currents accompanied the penetrating magnetic field, whereas these stray fields are absent in the superconductor's normal state.

Themagnetic vector potential, which is commonly used to describe the local magnetic field, was the only non-zero electromagnetic characteristic in the region of the stray fields in the superconductor. The vector potential is generally not observable in a normal metal in these conditions. This led Alexander Buzdin and his colleagues to conclude that the penetration of Cooper pairs into the ferromagnet through the direct proximity effect is responsible for supercurrent flow inside the ferromagnet and the resulting appearance of the compensating supercurrents that generate magnetic fields inside the superconducting component.

The team plans to further study the electrodynamics of SF structures and use their findings to one day create new types of spin valves, which can be used in magnetic sensors and computer memory devices.

The article titled " Electromagnetic proximity effect in planar superconductor-ferromagnet structures ", is authored by Sergey Mironov, Alexander S. Melnikov and Alexander Buzdin. The article appeared inApplied Physics Letters, July 9, 2018 - DOI: 10.1063/1.5037074.
Source: American Institute of Physics - AIP

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2018-07-30

Focus

Verne Global turns clever SME ideas into Cloud compute reality with hpcDIRECT in free-cooled Icelandic data centres ...

Opin Kerfi goes big with HPC cluster leasing and co-location in Iceland offering free cooling and purity of air ...

Quantum computing

World-first quantum computer simulation of chemical bonds using trapped ions ...

Demon in the details of quantum thermodynamics ...

Tuning into quantum: Scientists unlock signal frequency control of precision atom qubits ...

Hardware

BrainChip to showcase neuromorphic computing solutions at MPSoC ...

BrainChip unveils the Akida Development Environment ...

Cray delivers powerful supercomputer dedicated to astronomy to National Astronomical Observatory of Japan ...

Intel stops production of Knights Landing/Xeon Phi processors ...

AFRL and IBM unveil world's largest neuromorphic digital synaptic supercomputer ...

Supermicro joins Board of the Storage Networking Industry Association to accelerate all-flash NVMe storage advancements and adoption ...

Underlying mechanism discovered for magnetic effect in superconducting spintronics ...

Applications

Oracle TimesTen Scaleout sets new performance standard for in-memory databases ...

Artificial Intelligence in Cybersecurity wins Lorentz-eScience competition 2018 ...

ACM's SIGHPC to announce 2018 Fellowship winners ...

International IEEE eScience Conference issues Call for conference travel and attendance grants ...

Texas Women in HPC Chapter formed ...

Researchers find new way to target flu virus ...

Newest supercomputer to help develop fusion energy in international device ...

XSEDE allocates $7,3 million worth of computing time to U.S. researchers in latest allocation cycle ...

Ruby Mendenhall charts progress using HPC and Big Data to flag unidentified historical sources on African American women's lives ...

XSEDE announces 2018-2019 Campus Champions Fellows ...

The Cloud

On-demand high performance Cloud computing for today's most demanding workflows offered by PADT in partnership with Nimbix ...

Share your thoughts and vote on the evolution of EOSC and FAIR data ...

EGI Foundation and Terradue signed a Memorandum of Understanding ...

HPE advances intelligent storage capabilities with AI and Cloud automation for HPE 3PAR ...