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Primeur weekly 2017-07-10

Focus

ELIXIR is working hard trying to find a common Key Performance Indicator vocabulary between research infrastructures ...

HPC in Asia - Status report from China ...

Quantum computing

Atos launches the highest-performing quantum simulator in the world ...

New method could enable more stable and scalable quantum computing, Penn physicists report ...

Focus on Europe

UK Atomic Weapons Establishment awards Atos contract to support research ...

Atos launches world-first prescriptive Security Operations Center (SOC) with automated response ...

Four European supercomputing centres join forces in procurement process for innovative HPC systems ...

ELIXIR publishes its 2016 Annual Report ...

MareNostrum 4 begins operation ...

GÉANT appoints Erik Huizer as Interim CEO ...

Middleware

NEC accelerates machine learning for vector computers ...

Hardware

Argonne's Theta supercomputer goes online ...

Mellanox introduces Spectrum-2, world's most scalable 200 and 400 Gigabit Open Ethernet switch solution ...

June 2017 TOP500 list shows InfiniBand continues to be the interconnect of choice for high performance computing and Artificial Intelligence ...

Applications

Researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch explore DNA folding, cellular packing with supercomputer simulations ...

NCSA grants $2.6 million in new Blue Waters supercomputer awards to Illinois researchers ...

NSF grants 14 researchers time on Blue Waters supercomputer ...

Great Lakes Consortium awards time on Blue Waters supercomputer ...

New data on the protective effects of Alzheimer's on Cancer ...

Will brain-inspired chips make a dent in science's Big Data problems? ...

IBM and Hortonworks expand partnership to help businesses accelerate data-driven decision making ...

ANDI project receives award for Amsterdam's most innovative scientific idea ...

Three-dimensional chip combines computing and data storage ...

University of Southern California to lead IARPA quantum computing project ...

Computing takes the prize ...

A new method for synthesising complex molecules ...

AI analyses X-rays as well as doctors ...

The Cloud

Maxeler Technologies to provide supercomputer performance to UK Government on the G-Cloud ...

NVIDIA and Baidu announce partnership to accelerate AI ...

AI analyses X-rays as well as doctors

Max Gordon. Photo: Stefan Zimmerman. 4 Jul 2017 Stockholm - Many jobs, medical and otherwise, might one day be performed using artificial intelligence. According to a new study inActa Orthopaedicaby researchers at Karolinska Institutet in collaboration with the Royal Institute of Technology and Danderyd Hospital in Sweden, self-learning programmes can already find fractures with the same accuracy as orthopaedists.

Assessing radiographs requires a great deal of expertise and time, with the results very much depending on the doctor. However, artificial intelligence (AI) can simplify and standardise the work considerably, according to Max Gordon, assistant consultant in orthopaedics at Danderyd Hospital and researcher at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden, who has now published a study on how radiographs can be read using computers trained in fracture recognition.

"Our study shows that AI networks can make assessments on a par with human specialists, and we hope that we’ll be able to achieve even better results with high-res X-ray images", stated Dr. Gordon.

AI-facilitated image analysis had its major breakthrough in 2012, when the algorithm that astounded the computer world was compared to a human three-times worse at recognising objects in pictures from the internet. In only three years, it was at human level and by 2016 it was twice as good. This made Dr. Gordon think about how the technique could be used in the fields of orthopaedics and radiograph analysis.

In the present study, the researchers had existing AI image-recognition algorithms go through a total of 256,000 radiographs of hands, wrists and ankles from the Danderyd Hospital archives. The computer was trained how to identify fractures in two thirds of the radiographs under the guidance of the researchers and then was left to independently analyse the remaining images, which were thus completely new to the AI programme. Two consultants simultaneously analysed the same radiographs.

The team found that the computer and the doctors made equally accurate analyses given the same image resolution, both finding the presence of a fracture in over 80 percent of the cases.

The AI programme, which is inspired by the learning processes of the human brain, has the potential to be even better at its job if it has access to greater amounts of data. The researchers have therefore begun a follow-up study based on Danderyd Hospital's entire orthopaedic archive of over a million high-resolution radiographs.

"AI can lead to a more uniform classification and a common standard in radiograph analysis", stated Dr. Gordon. "If we can go back to our digital archives, we'll also be able to do extensive research on survival, the development of disease and work capacity - studies that have been impossible to do owing to the amount of data to process."

"Artificial intelligence for analyzing orthopedic trauma radiographs: Deep learning algorithms - are they on par with humans for diagnosing fractures?" is the title of the paper written by Jakub Olczak, Niklas Fahlberg, Atsuto Maki, Ali Sharif Razavian, Anthony Jilert, André Stark, Olof Sköldenberg, and Max Gordon. The paper has been published inActa Orthopaedicaon July 3, 2017.

Source: Karolinska Institutet

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2017-07-10

Focus

ELIXIR is working hard trying to find a common Key Performance Indicator vocabulary between research infrastructures ...

HPC in Asia - Status report from China ...

Quantum computing

Atos launches the highest-performing quantum simulator in the world ...

New method could enable more stable and scalable quantum computing, Penn physicists report ...

Focus on Europe

UK Atomic Weapons Establishment awards Atos contract to support research ...

Atos launches world-first prescriptive Security Operations Center (SOC) with automated response ...

Four European supercomputing centres join forces in procurement process for innovative HPC systems ...

ELIXIR publishes its 2016 Annual Report ...

MareNostrum 4 begins operation ...

GÉANT appoints Erik Huizer as Interim CEO ...

Middleware

NEC accelerates machine learning for vector computers ...

Hardware

Argonne's Theta supercomputer goes online ...

Mellanox introduces Spectrum-2, world's most scalable 200 and 400 Gigabit Open Ethernet switch solution ...

June 2017 TOP500 list shows InfiniBand continues to be the interconnect of choice for high performance computing and Artificial Intelligence ...

Applications

Researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch explore DNA folding, cellular packing with supercomputer simulations ...

NCSA grants $2.6 million in new Blue Waters supercomputer awards to Illinois researchers ...

NSF grants 14 researchers time on Blue Waters supercomputer ...

Great Lakes Consortium awards time on Blue Waters supercomputer ...

New data on the protective effects of Alzheimer's on Cancer ...

Will brain-inspired chips make a dent in science's Big Data problems? ...

IBM and Hortonworks expand partnership to help businesses accelerate data-driven decision making ...

ANDI project receives award for Amsterdam's most innovative scientific idea ...

Three-dimensional chip combines computing and data storage ...

University of Southern California to lead IARPA quantum computing project ...

Computing takes the prize ...

A new method for synthesising complex molecules ...

AI analyses X-rays as well as doctors ...

The Cloud

Maxeler Technologies to provide supercomputer performance to UK Government on the G-Cloud ...

NVIDIA and Baidu announce partnership to accelerate AI ...