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Primeur weekly 2017-07-10

Focus

ELIXIR is working hard trying to find a common Key Performance Indicator vocabulary between research infrastructures ...

HPC in Asia - Status report from China ...

Quantum computing

Atos launches the highest-performing quantum simulator in the world ...

New method could enable more stable and scalable quantum computing, Penn physicists report ...

Focus on Europe

UK Atomic Weapons Establishment awards Atos contract to support research ...

Atos launches world-first prescriptive Security Operations Center (SOC) with automated response ...

Four European supercomputing centres join forces in procurement process for innovative HPC systems ...

ELIXIR publishes its 2016 Annual Report ...

MareNostrum 4 begins operation ...

GÉANT appoints Erik Huizer as Interim CEO ...

Middleware

NEC accelerates machine learning for vector computers ...

Hardware

Argonne's Theta supercomputer goes online ...

Mellanox introduces Spectrum-2, world's most scalable 200 and 400 Gigabit Open Ethernet switch solution ...

June 2017 TOP500 list shows InfiniBand continues to be the interconnect of choice for high performance computing and Artificial Intelligence ...

Applications

Researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch explore DNA folding, cellular packing with supercomputer simulations ...

NCSA grants $2.6 million in new Blue Waters supercomputer awards to Illinois researchers ...

NSF grants 14 researchers time on Blue Waters supercomputer ...

Great Lakes Consortium awards time on Blue Waters supercomputer ...

New data on the protective effects of Alzheimer's on Cancer ...

Will brain-inspired chips make a dent in science's Big Data problems? ...

IBM and Hortonworks expand partnership to help businesses accelerate data-driven decision making ...

ANDI project receives award for Amsterdam's most innovative scientific idea ...

Three-dimensional chip combines computing and data storage ...

University of Southern California to lead IARPA quantum computing project ...

Computing takes the prize ...

A new method for synthesising complex molecules ...

AI analyses X-rays as well as doctors ...

The Cloud

Maxeler Technologies to provide supercomputer performance to UK Government on the G-Cloud ...

NVIDIA and Baidu announce partnership to accelerate AI ...

HPC in Asia - Status report from China

21 Jun 2017 Frankfurt - At the HPC in Asia workshop during ISC 2017 in Frankfurt, Depei Qian, from Beihang University gave a status report on HPC in China. China is currently at the end of the "863 key project" on HPC. The project started in 2011 and was aimed at developing world-class supercomputers and an application service environment. The supercomputers developed, the Tianhe-2 and the Sunway TaihuLight are today the world's fastest supercomputers. As part of the key project, ChinaGrid (CNGrid) was upgraded. Cloud like application villages have been developed too.

The Tianhe-2 was delivered in 2013, It has a heterogeneous accelerated architecture consisting of CPU with MIC accelerators. With 33,9 Petaflop/s of Linpack performance, it was 6 times in a row the fastest supercomputer in the world. It is installed at the National Supercomputing Center in Guangzhou and will be upgraded to 100 Petaflop/s later this year.

The Sunway Taihulight was delivered in 2016 and is implemented too with home-grown Chinese Shenwei many-core processors. In total, the system has 10 million cores. The peak performance is 125 Petaflop/s. The Linpack performance is 93 Petflop/s. It is the fastest supercomputer in the world since June 2016. The system is installed at the National Supercomputing Centre in Wuxi.

As part of CNGrid there are now 14 connected supercomputing sites in China, and 3 new ones.

In HPC applications there are now many areas covered, including aircraft design, high-speed train design, oil and gas exploration, drug discovery, ensemble weather forecasting, bio-information, car development and more.

There is now a new key research project on HPC. HPC has been identified as a priority subject under the key R&D programme. There have been strategic studies performed since 2013 and an HPC proposal for the 135th 5-year plan was submitted in early 2015. After serious evaluation it was approved in October 2015. The project was formally launched in early 2016.

The major tasks of this project include the development of exascale supercomputers; develop HPC applications; and create an HPC ecosystem.The exascale system should be delivered by the end of 2020. It will be based on home-grown Chinese processors. The technology developed will be transferred to high-end servers.

A first call for proposals was issued in February 2016. 19 projects passed evaluation and were started in July 2016. A second call for proposals was issued in October 2016. Proposals are now under evaluation. A third call - the 2018 call - will be issued soon. This third call will focus on exascale computing development.

In three projects, there are activities to develop three prototypes for future exascale systems. The possibilities to implement these at exascale level are also explored. The three prototypes are developed by the Sunway, Tianhe, and Sugon teams. Different kinds of architectures are explored, including accelerated architectures, special purpose architectures, many-core, and x86 processor based ones. Several new technologies will be developed. Energy efficiency is the biggest obstacle and will be an important factor influencing design choices.

The team that will be developing the real exascale supercomputing system will be chosen from these three teams that are building the prototypes.

Some numerical systems for specific application domains will also be developed. This includes a numerical aircraft, a numerical earth, a numerical reactor, and a numerical engine. The first two have been launched as first round projects.

A parallel computing framework for exascale computing will also be developed. It includes structured and unstructured mesh solvers, finite element solvers and graph computing. At least 40 software packages will be developed that have million-core parallelism.

As part of the HPC environment CNGrid will be upgraded to over 500 petaflop/s in computing resources, over 500 Petabytes of storage, over 500 application tools and software packages, and over 5000 users.

Applications villages based on the national HPC environment will be developed for industrial product design and drug discovery/bio-informatics.

For more details on the new Chinese exascale efforts see China's effort on HPC in the next 5 years - from exascale prototypes to exascale system , which covers the longer presentation Depei Qian provided, later on the same day of the HPC in Asia workshop.

Recordings of these two presentations are available on Primeur's video channel.

Ad Emmen

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2017-07-10

Focus

ELIXIR is working hard trying to find a common Key Performance Indicator vocabulary between research infrastructures ...

HPC in Asia - Status report from China ...

Quantum computing

Atos launches the highest-performing quantum simulator in the world ...

New method could enable more stable and scalable quantum computing, Penn physicists report ...

Focus on Europe

UK Atomic Weapons Establishment awards Atos contract to support research ...

Atos launches world-first prescriptive Security Operations Center (SOC) with automated response ...

Four European supercomputing centres join forces in procurement process for innovative HPC systems ...

ELIXIR publishes its 2016 Annual Report ...

MareNostrum 4 begins operation ...

GÉANT appoints Erik Huizer as Interim CEO ...

Middleware

NEC accelerates machine learning for vector computers ...

Hardware

Argonne's Theta supercomputer goes online ...

Mellanox introduces Spectrum-2, world's most scalable 200 and 400 Gigabit Open Ethernet switch solution ...

June 2017 TOP500 list shows InfiniBand continues to be the interconnect of choice for high performance computing and Artificial Intelligence ...

Applications

Researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch explore DNA folding, cellular packing with supercomputer simulations ...

NCSA grants $2.6 million in new Blue Waters supercomputer awards to Illinois researchers ...

NSF grants 14 researchers time on Blue Waters supercomputer ...

Great Lakes Consortium awards time on Blue Waters supercomputer ...

New data on the protective effects of Alzheimer's on Cancer ...

Will brain-inspired chips make a dent in science's Big Data problems? ...

IBM and Hortonworks expand partnership to help businesses accelerate data-driven decision making ...

ANDI project receives award for Amsterdam's most innovative scientific idea ...

Three-dimensional chip combines computing and data storage ...

University of Southern California to lead IARPA quantum computing project ...

Computing takes the prize ...

A new method for synthesising complex molecules ...

AI analyses X-rays as well as doctors ...

The Cloud

Maxeler Technologies to provide supercomputer performance to UK Government on the G-Cloud ...

NVIDIA and Baidu announce partnership to accelerate AI ...