Before PRACE was handled by the e-Infrastructure unit. This unit has been repositioned to handle "eInfrastructure and Science Cloud". The European Science Cloud is a new initiative recently announced by the Commmission. Although PRACE is an e-Infrastructure and part of the European Open Science CLoud, the EC has chosen to more tightly connect it to the exascale R&D developments of the Commission instead.
The Quantum Technology efforts and responsibilities will also be shared with another unit. The unit "Flagships" will work on the preparation of the 1 billion euro "Quantum flagship".
Some of the Commission's departments, including the "High Performance Computing and Quantum Technology Department" will move to Luxembourg, away from Brussels.
The Directorate General in which these units are located is called "Connect". DG CONNECT director Roberto Viola explains in a blog the rationale behind the restructuring. "The design approach for DG CONNECT 2.0 was to make it fit for the Digital Single Market. We need to focus DG CONNECT's organisation in the field of online services, copyright, and media. Emerging new technology priorities such as digitising industry, the data-driven economy and connected & automated driving have also become more prominent in the new structure."
Roberto Viola says DG CONNECT wants to reinforce its presence in Luxembourg from 2018. This will mean the progressive transfer of activities related to e-infrastructures, high-performance computing, e-government, and e-health to Luxembourg.
He notes that an integral part of the mission of DG CONNECT is to make sure that Europe can be one of the world's leaders in high-performance computing. Advancements in supercomputers can improve significantly our lives through new breakthroughs in medical science, more secure societies and a cleaner environment. The EC will also look at the significant breakthroughs in science on new materials such as graphene.
Details of the new organisation structure can be found at: https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/who-we-are-dg-connect and at https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/sites/digital-agenda/files/organi_en.pdf .