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Primeur weekly 2014-07-14

Special

Six European exascale projects are dealing with the hardware and software challenges in exascale ...

The Cloud

Registration opens for ISC Cloud and ISC Big Data Conferences ...

IBM announces $3 billion research initiative to tackle chip grand challenges for Cloud and Big Data systems ...

'Melbourne Shuffle' secures data in the Cloud ...

Cloud Pharmaceuticals granted 1 million hours of supercomputer time to target orphan diseases including malaria ...

EuroFlash

GRNET signed contract for the development of Greece's National HPC infrastructure ...

Speeding up data storage by a thousand times with 'spin current' ...

IBM, Astron and the University of Groningen launch exascale computing centre to address Big Data challenges ...

Stronger data security ...

New supercomputer accelerates pace of health research across North of England ...

Commission urges governments to embrace potential of Big Data ...

USFlash

InfoComm issues Call for Presenters for ISE 2015 ...

Cray awarded $174 million supercomputer contract from the National Nuclear Security Administration ...

Small but plentiful: How the faintest galaxies illuminated the early universe ...

University of Illinois study advances limits for ultrafast nano-devices ...

SDSC's new 'SeedMe' resource invites researchers to rapidly share results ...

SDSC's KC Claffy receives annual IEEE Internet Award ...

SDSC assists researchers in novel wildlife tracking project ...

MIT researchers unveil experimental 36-core chip ...

Researchers use NSF-supported Stampede supercomputer to improve catalysts for conversion ...

NSF-funded supercomputer helps researchers interpret genomes ...

Terascala expands executive team ...

LANL, Sandia, Cray set to build next generation NNSA supercomputer ...

ICBA selects Dell solutions to help study water resource issues in the MENA region ...

Research could lead to dramatic energy savings at data farms ...

Researchers use NSF-supported Stampede supercomputer to improve catalysts for conversion

Gregg T. Beckham, National Renewable Energy Laboratory30 Jun 2014 Arlington - Scientists from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) are using the National Science Foundation-supported Stampede supercomputer to improve biofuel production by determining how certain enzymes break down cellulose (plant cell walls).

In a paper published in theProceedings of the National Academy of Sciencesin January 2014, they describe a newly-discovered, naturally-occurring enzyme modeled with Stampede that could significantly speed up the process by which cellulose is decomposed. The enzyme, called lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase or LPMO, represents an important, unique discovery because of its prevalence in nature, and its potential importance to cost-effective biomass deconstruction.

Using Stampede, the researchers examined two ways that the fungal enzymes catalyze reactions. The simulations suggest that the binding of copper and oxygen by the enzymes is critical to its function. The group is also using Stampede to design chemical catalysts for high-temperature deoxygenation chemistry, which is important to convert biomass to fuels.

Stated NREL Senior Engineer Gregg Beckham: "Stampede has been an absolutely essential resource for our group to examine biological and chemical catalysts important for the production of renewable transportation fuels from lignocellulosic (plant-based) biomass."
Source: National Science Foundation - NSF

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2014-07-14

Special

Six European exascale projects are dealing with the hardware and software challenges in exascale ...

The Cloud

Registration opens for ISC Cloud and ISC Big Data Conferences ...

IBM announces $3 billion research initiative to tackle chip grand challenges for Cloud and Big Data systems ...

'Melbourne Shuffle' secures data in the Cloud ...

Cloud Pharmaceuticals granted 1 million hours of supercomputer time to target orphan diseases including malaria ...

EuroFlash

GRNET signed contract for the development of Greece's National HPC infrastructure ...

Speeding up data storage by a thousand times with 'spin current' ...

IBM, Astron and the University of Groningen launch exascale computing centre to address Big Data challenges ...

Stronger data security ...

New supercomputer accelerates pace of health research across North of England ...

Commission urges governments to embrace potential of Big Data ...

USFlash

InfoComm issues Call for Presenters for ISE 2015 ...

Cray awarded $174 million supercomputer contract from the National Nuclear Security Administration ...

Small but plentiful: How the faintest galaxies illuminated the early universe ...

University of Illinois study advances limits for ultrafast nano-devices ...

SDSC's new 'SeedMe' resource invites researchers to rapidly share results ...

SDSC's KC Claffy receives annual IEEE Internet Award ...

SDSC assists researchers in novel wildlife tracking project ...

MIT researchers unveil experimental 36-core chip ...

Researchers use NSF-supported Stampede supercomputer to improve catalysts for conversion ...

NSF-funded supercomputer helps researchers interpret genomes ...

Terascala expands executive team ...

LANL, Sandia, Cray set to build next generation NNSA supercomputer ...

ICBA selects Dell solutions to help study water resource issues in the MENA region ...

Research could lead to dramatic energy savings at data farms ...