The MVS-10P supercomputer based on RSC Tornado architecture as a prototype of 10 PFLOPS computing system has been developed by RSC specialists and deployed at the Joint Supercomputer Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences (JSCC RAS). It keeps the 30th place in the Green500 again with 1949.3 MFLOPS/W, which is the best energy-efficiency level for all Russian systems. This is the record value for Russia and CIS, and it is 5.5 times higher than the previous energy-efficiency record for this region which was delivered by the RSC Tornado architecture based liquid cooled system also.
The prototype of the powerful MVS-10P system in JSCC RAS is based on the innovative RSC Tornado architecture with liquid cooling of all components placed on Intel S2600JF server boards, including Intel Xeon E5-2690 processors, Intel Xeon Phi SE10X coprocessors and Intel SSD 330 solid-state drives. It has a peak performance of 523.8 TFLOPS with LINPACK results of 375.7 TFLOPS. It is the largest European supercomputer with Intel Xeon Phi coprocessors out of two first such projects being deployed outside the US by RSC specialists at the end of 2012.
The RSC Tornado SUSU supercomputer deployed by RSC specialists in the Supercomputer Center of South Ural State University, Chelyabinsk, Russia last year holds the 50th position in the new edition of the Green500 list (previously 40th place) with energy-efficiency of 999.5 MFLOPS/W. It is de facto the most energy-efficient university computing cluster in Russia and CIS and the largest European university HPC system with Intel Xeon Phi coprocessors. This powerful system consisting of 192 computing nodes based on the innovative RSC Tornado architecture with liquid cooling, Intel Xeon processors and Intel Xeon Phi coprocessors has 236.8 TFLOPS peak performance and 146.8 TFLOPS LINPACK performance.
SKIF-Aurora SUSU, another supercomputer based on the RSC Tornado architecture with liquid cooling and Intel Xeon processors, has been deployed at the SUSU Supercomputer Center by RSC specialists four years ago. In the current edition of the Green500 rating it holds the 181st place with 349.7 MFLOPS/W of energy-efficiency value. This system is included in the list of the world's most energy-efficient computers for the fourth time (since November, 2011). This supercomputer has 117 TFLOPS peak and 100.4 TFLOPS performance by LINPACK test.
"Once again we managed to get such good result in terms of the number of Russian supercomputers at high positions in the Green500 thanks to the unique experience of RSC specialists in development and deployment of innovative liquid cooled solutions, specifically the high-density energy-efficient HPC systems based on the RSC Tornado architecture using standard Intel server boards, high-performance Intel Xeon processors and Intel Xeon Phi coprocessors", stated Alexey Shmelev, Chief Operational Officer, RSC Group.
The innovative liquid cooling system and RSC know-how used in the RSC Tornado architecture based solutions helped to achieve the highest energy-efficiency value with record PUE level of 1.06 and unique in the industry computing density of 200 TFLOPS per 80 cm x 80 cm x 42U rack or 156 TFLOPS/m3 being de facto a new world record for х86 architectures. For example, with such high density it was possible to install all computing equipment of the MVS-10P prototype system in JSCC RAS with 0.5 PFLOPS peak performance in three racks only, as well as a 10 PFLOPS supercomputer will require just 50 standard server cabinets. Such a high computing density is necessary for ExaFLOPS level supercomputers containing hundreds of server racks with power consumption over 100 kW per rack. The unique level of computing and power density in the RSC Tornado architecture proves that the required results can be achieved when creating HPC systems for the ExaScale era.
The new stage in development of the innovative RSC Tornado architecture for energy efficient data centres and supercomputing systems allowed RSC Group's specialists to implement the world's first direct liquid cooling for widely available Intel Xeon based standard server boards (from various manufacturers), initially designed for traditional systems with air cooling of electronic components, with the latest Intel Xeon Phi coprocessors. This is the third generation of RSC's energy-efficient solutions for High Performance Computing, Cloud environments and data centres.
Powerful solutions with high computing density based on the RSC Tornado architecture with direct liquid cooling are designed to solve various customers' needs. The product line includes RSC DCmicro (16 to 64 nodes), RSC DCmini (64 to 256 nodes) and RSC Data Center (from 2 high dense racks up to dozens of PFLOPS).
Among unique features of the RSC Tornado architecture and solutions there are the following: