The Jefferson Project, an homage to President Thomas Jefferson's declaration of Lake George as "without comparison, the most beautiful water I ever saw", aims to establish one of the world's most sophisticated lake environmental monitoring and prediction systems giving scientists and the community a real-time picture of the health of the lake. Lake George is a headwater lake, meaning it has limited external influences on water quality which contributes to its New York State water quality rating of Class AA-Special. Lake George is an ideal body of water to study due to its size and unique ecosystem. Approximately 95 percent of the land surrounding Lake George remains as natural forestland, 46 percent of which is "forever wild" state-owned forest preserve.
Scientists from Rensselaer have been studying the Lake for 30 years and have noted the emergence of environmental stressors that include rising levels of chlorophyll that threatens water clarity and a threefold increase in salt levels primarily due to road salt applied to roads in the watershed. Lake George tourism alone accounts for an estimated $450 million of economic activity in Warren County and approximately $1 billion in the surrounding region. The long-term health of the Lake is critical to the region and New York State's tourism industry.
The collaboration partners plan to use a combination of advanced data analytics, computing and data visualization techniques, new scientific and experimental methods, 3D computer modelling and simulation, and historical data expecting to gain an unprecedented scientific understanding of Lake George. Also central to the project will be weather modelling and sensor technology similar to those used by IBM around the world at locations including Rio de Janeiro, Ireland's Galway Bay, and New York's Hudson River. The combination of these unique predictive capabilities will enable scientists and the community to prioritize and act before permanent degradation can take place.
For example, the new monitoring system is expected to give scientists a view for the first time of circulation models in Lake George. These 3D models could then be used to understand how currents distribute nutrients and contaminants across the 32-mile lake and their correlation to specific stressors. These models could be overlaid with historical and real-time weather data to see the impact of weather and tributary flooding on circulation patterns in Lake George.
IBM plans to provide a Blue Gene/Q supercomputer, hardware, software, and supporting services to help create a new, Smarter Water laboratory and visualization studio at Rensselaer's Margaret A. and David M. Darrin '40 Fresh Water Institute on Lake George. A team of IBM Smarter Water experts, in partnership Rensselaer and the FUND for Lake George, plan to pair their expertise with this new technology to help local leaders see a real-time picture of the current and future computer modelled conditions, water chemistry, and health of the natural systems. Local groups could use this data to make informed decisions on the protection of Lake George's pristine waters and unique ecosystem.
"Lake George has a lot to teach us, if we look closely", stated Rensselaer President Shirley Ann Jackson. "By expanding Rensselaer's Darrin Fresh Water Institute with this remarkable new cyberphysical platform of data from sensors and other sources, and with advanced analytics, high performance computing, and web science, we are taking an important step to protect the timeless beauty of Lake George, and we are creating a global model for environmental research and protection of water resources."
"Through the Jefferson Project, Rensselaer, the FUND for Lake George, and IBM will help advance the state of the science and the practice of water management to create a more precise, actionable and sustainable model that will give us a path forward", stated John E. Kelly III, senior vice president and director of IBM Research.
"The still pure water of Lake George is the lifeblood of our economy, but it will take unprecedented commitment to keep it that way", stated Jeffrey M. Killeen, board chairman of the FUND for Lake George. "By shining the light of science on the future of Lake George, this bold collaboration will empower our ability to succeed. It is an historic opportunity to demonstrate just what it will take to protect a priceless natural treasure for future generations. The FUND for Lake George is honored to be playing a role in this vital pursuit."
Lake George, about 50 miles north of Albany in upstate New York, is known internationally for its crystal-clear waters with a depth of up to 200 feet. Rich in natural and cultural history, it is 32 miles long and up to 2.5 miles wide, formed nearly 10,000 years ago by melting glaciers.
In collaboration with the FUND, the Darrin Fresh Water Institute has built a comprehensive 30-year database of lake conditions which when paired with new sensor acquired data, advanced analytics, computing, and data visualization technologies, will enable Jefferson Project researchers plan to investigate and address key questions including: