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Primeur weekly 2018-06-11

Focus

Exchange of experience and focus on specialisation are key to Europe regaining status in EuroHPC and e-Infrastructures ...

Quantum computing

Atos Quantum Learning Machine available at SURFsara ...

Silicon provides means to control quantum bits for faster algorithms ...

Designer materials with completely random structures might enable quantum computing ...

Rutgers-led research could lead to more efficient electronics ...

Focus on Europe

Researchers at CNAG-CRG developed a novel computational tool named BigSCale to analyze millions of single cells simultaneously ...

Pawsey and PRACE to jointly promote the use of supercomputing ...

Bright and BeeGFS share plans for TERATEC 2018 Forum ...

GCS supports three German university teams in 2018 ISC Student Cluster Competition ...

Hardware

Dell EMC PowerEdge servers enable University of Sydney's world-leading artificial intelligence research ...

Comino announces Comino Grando, a liquid-cooled supercomputer set to disrupt cryptocurrency mining and solve its energy crisis ...

National Science Foundation supports development of new nationwide data storage network ...

Pushing boundaries for CPUs and GPUs, AMD shows next-generation of Ryzen, Radeon and EPYC product leadership at Computex 2018 ...

GARR powers National Research and Education Network in Italy with Infinera Cloud Xpress 2 ...

Supermicro brings resource saving green computing to Computex Taipei 2018 ...

Applications

Cray partners with Digital Catapult's Machine Intelligence Garage to drive UK artificial intelligence innovation ...

Swimming in schools saves energy ...

Researchers use artificial intelligence to identify, count, and describe wild animals ...

Scientists find ordered magnetic patterns in disordered magnetic material ...

New model sheds light on key physics of magnetic islands that halt fusion reactions ...

TOP500

Oak Ridge National Laboratory launches Summit supercomputer ...

Silicon provides means to control quantum bits for faster algorithms

Researchers are taking advantage of a newly found phenomenon in silicon that makes quantum bits easier to manipulate, leading to faster and longer-lived information processing via quantum computing. Credit: Purdue University image/Rifat Ferdous.8 Jun 2018 West Lafayette - Quantum bits are now easier to manipulate for devices in quantum computing, thanks to enhanced spin-orbit interaction in silicon. A silicon quantum computer chip has the potential to hold millions of quantum bits, or qubits, for much faster information processing than with the bits of today's computers. This translates to high-speed database searches, better cybersecurity and highly efficient simulation of materials and chemical processes.

Now, research groups from Purdue University, the Technological University of Delft, the Netherlands and the University of Wisconsin-Madison have discovered that silicon has unique spin-orbit interactions that can enable the manipulation of qubits using electric fields, without the need for any artificial agents.

"Qubits encoded in the spins of electrons are especially long-lived in silicon, but they are difficult to control by electric fields. Spin-orbit interaction is an important knob for the design of qubits that was thought to be small in this material, traditionally", stated Rajib Rahman, research assistant professor in Purdue's School of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

The strength of spin-orbit interaction, which is the interaction of an electron's spin with its motion, is an important factor for the quality of a qubit. The researchers found more prominent spin-orbit interaction than usual at the surface of silicon where qubits are located in the form of so-called quantum dots - electrons confined in three dimensions. Rajib Rahman's lab identified that this spin-orbit interaction is anisotropic in nature - meaning that it is dependent on the angle of an external magnetic field - and strongly affected by atomic details of the surface.

"This anisotropy can be employed to either enhance or minimize the strength of the spin-orbit interaction", stated Rifat Ferdous, lead author of this work and a Purdue graduate research assistant in electrical and computer engineering. Spin-orbit interaction then affects qubits.

"If there is a strong spin-orbit interaction, the qubit's lifetime is shorter but you can manipulate it more easily. The opposite happens with a weak spin-orbit interaction: The qubit's lifetime is longer, but manipulation is more difficult", Rajib Rahman stated.

The researchers published their findings on June 5 in Nature Partner Journals - Quantum Information . The Wisconsin-Madison team fabricated the silicon device, the Delft team performed the experiments and the Purdue team led the theoretical investigation of the experimental observations. This work is supported by the Army Research Office, U.S. Department of Energy, the National Science Foundation and the European Research Council.

Upcoming work in Rajib Rahman's lab will focus on taking advantage of the anisotropic nature of spin-orbit interactions to further enhance the coherence and control of qubits, and, therefore, the scaling up of quantum computer chips.

Source: Purdue University

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2018-06-11

Focus

Exchange of experience and focus on specialisation are key to Europe regaining status in EuroHPC and e-Infrastructures ...

Quantum computing

Atos Quantum Learning Machine available at SURFsara ...

Silicon provides means to control quantum bits for faster algorithms ...

Designer materials with completely random structures might enable quantum computing ...

Rutgers-led research could lead to more efficient electronics ...

Focus on Europe

Researchers at CNAG-CRG developed a novel computational tool named BigSCale to analyze millions of single cells simultaneously ...

Pawsey and PRACE to jointly promote the use of supercomputing ...

Bright and BeeGFS share plans for TERATEC 2018 Forum ...

GCS supports three German university teams in 2018 ISC Student Cluster Competition ...

Hardware

Dell EMC PowerEdge servers enable University of Sydney's world-leading artificial intelligence research ...

Comino announces Comino Grando, a liquid-cooled supercomputer set to disrupt cryptocurrency mining and solve its energy crisis ...

National Science Foundation supports development of new nationwide data storage network ...

Pushing boundaries for CPUs and GPUs, AMD shows next-generation of Ryzen, Radeon and EPYC product leadership at Computex 2018 ...

GARR powers National Research and Education Network in Italy with Infinera Cloud Xpress 2 ...

Supermicro brings resource saving green computing to Computex Taipei 2018 ...

Applications

Cray partners with Digital Catapult's Machine Intelligence Garage to drive UK artificial intelligence innovation ...

Swimming in schools saves energy ...

Researchers use artificial intelligence to identify, count, and describe wild animals ...

Scientists find ordered magnetic patterns in disordered magnetic material ...

New model sheds light on key physics of magnetic islands that halt fusion reactions ...

TOP500

Oak Ridge National Laboratory launches Summit supercomputer ...