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Primeur weekly 2016-06-27

Focus

Integration and co-design are key to reach capable exascale computing in the US ...

Sunway TaihuLight crunches its data near light-sparkling Lake Taihu ...

Exascale supercomputing

China's exascale supercomputer operational by 2020 ...

Quantum computing

Researchers refine method for detecting quantum entanglement ...

Focus on Europe

Crete becomes the Silicon-Island of high technology research and development ...

Bright Computing is debuting in France and unveils plans for the TERATEC Forum ...

Barcelona Supercomputing Center to issue new OmpSs release 16.06 ...

Quantum calculations broaden the understanding of crystal catalysts ...

Middleware

Jack Dongarra honoured with pair of prestigious supercomputing awards ...

Applications

McGill creates neuroscience research hub ...

Children's Mercy Kansas City accelerates major medical breakthroughs for critically ill children with powerful, scalable DDN storage ...

Real rocket science: How do hydrogen droplets behave when hydrogen-oxygen aerosol mixtures burn? ...

A better management of cerebrovascular accidents with supercomputing support ...

American Diabetes Association and IBM Watson Health join forces to reimagine how diabetes is prevented and managed ...

Illinois researchers part of the collaboration identifying a second gravitational wave event ...

Supercomputer changing genetic medicine in Africa ...

CWRU physicists deploy magnetic vortex to control electron spin ...

IBM Watson Health showcases progress tackling diabetes at American Diabetes Association's 76th Scientific Sessions ...

Medical imaging experts tap IBM and Watson to tackle cancer, diabetes, eye health, brain disease and heart disease ...

The Cloud

Mellanox enhances Cloud efficiency with 25Gb/s Ethernet connectivity ...

NetApp Flash accelerates Docker ecosystem with native storage integration ...

WorldQuant Ventures invests in Cycle Computing ...

NASA Johnson Space Center protects critical data with NetApp ...

JD.com and Mellanox join forces to drive e-commerce artificial intelligence ...

Local Motors debuts Olli, the first self-driving vehicle to tap the power of IBM Watson ...

VMware and IBM expand global Cloud partnership with desktop services ...

Real rocket science: How do hydrogen droplets behave when hydrogen-oxygen aerosol mixtures burn?

16 Jun 2016 Washington, D.C. - Modern rockets and their launch vehicles commonly rely on hydrogen-oxygen mixtures as propellant, but this combination is highly explosive. The Challenger space shuttle catastrophe of 1986 is associated with self-ignition of such mixtures. Risks of explosion are mitigated by the evaporation and burning of droplets within hydrogen-oxygen aerosol mixtures. Inside rocket combustion chambers, the identical evaporation and burning process is used, so a solid understanding of how these processes behave is essential for evaluating the effectiveness and safety of hydrogen-oxygen liquid engines.

In the framework of research motivated by the Challenger disaster, the Applied Physics Group at NASA's Ames Research Center, in collaboration with researchers from the Supercomputing Division at NASA Ames Research Center, and with physicists from New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, and South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, pursued all possible mechanisms of igniting explosions of liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen mixtures in similar situations. Their analysis revealed new mechanisms, which, in turn, required seeking a deeper understanding of the way hydrogen droplets burn within these mixtures.

Physicists from the Applied Physics Group at NASA's Ames Research Center now report inApplied Physics Letters, by AIP Publishing, that their earlier findings inspired them to further explore scenarios of evaporation and burning of hydrogen droplets that are induced by infrared radiation from a hot gas that forms when a hydrogen-oxygen mixture combusts.

This work is the first known in-depth study exploring the extreme conditions of evaporation and burning of hydrogen-oxygen aerosol mixtures. The group - which includes Viatcheslav Osipov, Marina Marchenko and Michael Khasin - delved into a complex combination of radiation, evaporation, liquid hydrogen's very low critical temperature, and negative thermo-diffusion - hydrogen molecules moving from cold to hot regions - of gaseous hydrogen in a gaseous oxygen-hydrogen mixture.

The main physical processes at play in this type of burning are an explosive - very quick - evaporation of liquid hydrogen droplets in response to radiative heating from the hot ambient gas, followed by a slow burning of the gaseous hydrogen.

"We were quite surprised by the extreme time-scale separation", stated Michael Khasin, a senior researcher and deputy lead of the Applied Physics Group at NASA Ames Research Group. "These are the processes that were likely responsible for the Challenger explosion, and they are expected to occur within the liquid engine combustion chamber of rockets using liquid hydrogen-oxygen fuel."

Michael Khasin and colleagues also made the intriguing discovery that different mechanisms of burning occur, depending on the size of the hydrogen droplets.

"One of the applications for this finding is that it now enables optimization of spray systems within combustion engines of liquid hydrogen-oxygen-powered rockets", Michael Khasin stated.

A broad range of problems involving the evaporation of cryogenic fluid droplets and burning will also benefit from the extremely accurate numerical method developed by the group during the course of this work.

Next, the group plans to explore "different scenarios of the evaporation of hydrogen droplets while spray cooling the cryogenic tank in microgravity conditions", Michael Khasin said. "This process is important for safe and efficient cryogenic fuel management in deep space missions."

The article, "Radiation-stimulated explosive evaporation and burning of hydrogen droplets in hot aerosol mixtures", is authored by V.V. Osipov, M.P. Marcgenko and M. Khasin. The article appeared in the journalApplied Physics Letterson June 14, 2016 (DOI: 10.1063/1.4952446) and can be accessed online .
Source: American Institute of Physics - AIP

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2016-06-27

Focus

Integration and co-design are key to reach capable exascale computing in the US ...

Sunway TaihuLight crunches its data near light-sparkling Lake Taihu ...

Exascale supercomputing

China's exascale supercomputer operational by 2020 ...

Quantum computing

Researchers refine method for detecting quantum entanglement ...

Focus on Europe

Crete becomes the Silicon-Island of high technology research and development ...

Bright Computing is debuting in France and unveils plans for the TERATEC Forum ...

Barcelona Supercomputing Center to issue new OmpSs release 16.06 ...

Quantum calculations broaden the understanding of crystal catalysts ...

Middleware

Jack Dongarra honoured with pair of prestigious supercomputing awards ...

Applications

McGill creates neuroscience research hub ...

Children's Mercy Kansas City accelerates major medical breakthroughs for critically ill children with powerful, scalable DDN storage ...

Real rocket science: How do hydrogen droplets behave when hydrogen-oxygen aerosol mixtures burn? ...

A better management of cerebrovascular accidents with supercomputing support ...

American Diabetes Association and IBM Watson Health join forces to reimagine how diabetes is prevented and managed ...

Illinois researchers part of the collaboration identifying a second gravitational wave event ...

Supercomputer changing genetic medicine in Africa ...

CWRU physicists deploy magnetic vortex to control electron spin ...

IBM Watson Health showcases progress tackling diabetes at American Diabetes Association's 76th Scientific Sessions ...

Medical imaging experts tap IBM and Watson to tackle cancer, diabetes, eye health, brain disease and heart disease ...

The Cloud

Mellanox enhances Cloud efficiency with 25Gb/s Ethernet connectivity ...

NetApp Flash accelerates Docker ecosystem with native storage integration ...

WorldQuant Ventures invests in Cycle Computing ...

NASA Johnson Space Center protects critical data with NetApp ...

JD.com and Mellanox join forces to drive e-commerce artificial intelligence ...

Local Motors debuts Olli, the first self-driving vehicle to tap the power of IBM Watson ...

VMware and IBM expand global Cloud partnership with desktop services ...