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Primeur weekly 2011-06-06

EuroFlash

Christliches Jugenddorfwerk Deutschlands chooses Altair's HiQube business intelligence solution to manage and analyze its enterprise business information

From dusk to dawn: Ship's bridge simulation reaches a new level with projectiondesign

Quantum knowledge cools computers

PRACE offers access to Europe's fastest supercomputers - third call launched

Record breaking data centre for genome sequencing opened in Norwich

Panaya named Red Herring Top 100 Europe Tech Startup

USFlash

Team solves decades-old molecular mystery linked to blood clotting

Virtual Prairie results published

New IBM Cloud services to address education challenges

Petaflops power to NERSC

ALICE supercomputer runs computationally intensive research with Panasas high performance storage

High-performance computing cluster is University of Iowa's largest 'supercomputer' ever

NCSA deploys new high-performance cluster dedicated to industrial use

Chameleon magnets: Ability to switch magnets 'on' or 'off' could revolutionize computing

MASSIVE supercomputer open for general use in Australia

University of Toronto scientist leads international team in quantum physics first

SGI names Praveen K. Mandal Senior Vice President of Engineering

Platform Computing cited positively in industry report on private Cloud market

Supermicro shapes the future with MicroCloud and multi-GPU SuperServers at Computex Taipei 2011

Mellanox introduces ConnectX-3, the industry's first FDR 56Gb/s InfiniBand and 10/40 Gigabit Ethernet multi-protocol adapter

SDSC researchers co-author and co-edit new book on Geoinformatics

HP brings greater simplicity, flexibility and intelligence to client virtualization portfolio

Oracle Insurance Policy Administration for Life and Annuity delivers superior performance on Oracle Exadata Database Machine X2-2

Dubuque, Iowa and IBM combine analytics, Cloud computing and community engagement to conserve water

SDSC researchers co-author and co-edit new book on Geoinformatics

25 May 2011 San Diego - A new book that for the first time focuses on the potential to merge the latest advances in computer technologies with the earth sciences has been published, with researchers from the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) co-authoring chapters or serving as co-editor.

Called "Cyberinfrastructure for the Solid Earth Sciences", the book is co-edited by G. Randy Keller, Professor and Edward Lamb McCollough Chair in Geology and Geophysics at the University of Oklahoma, and Chaitanya Baru, a distinguished scientist at SDSC.

Geoinformatics provides an informatics framework for scientific discovery through the integration and analysis of earth-science data and applications. As a result of significant work in this area, geoscientists now have at their disposal on-line data archives and databases, a variety of community-based software tools, and access to high-performance computers and other resources to address complex questions related to the structure, dynamics, and evolution of the solid Earth through time, as well as the processes that act upon and within it from the near surface to the core.

"The study of complex phenomena in earth, ocean, and atmospheric sciences all require on-demand access and integration of heterogeneous data from a wide variety of sources and disciplines. This is where cyberinfrastucture - an integrated, often Web-based network of computer resources and expertise - comes into play, helping geoscientists develop better and more refined models using a range of both small and large heterogeneous data sets", according to co-author Baru.

"Advanced data cyberinfrastructure is needed to provide these capabilities and to support geoscientific research and discovery in areas that affect us all, from natural resource studies and natural hazard assessment and forecasting to environmental monitoring and climate change studies, just to name a few", stated Chaitanya Baru.

Chaitanya Baru and G. Randy Keller believe that supporting the next generation research and education in the geosciences requires a new information infrastructure and highly collaborative modes of operation to address the many challenging problems that must be overcome to understand Earth systems. Indeed, there is now widespread recognition that successfully addressing these problems requires integrative and innovative approaches to analyzing, modeling, and developing extensive and diverse datasets.

"Most of the big scientific problems the geoscience community wants to solve, and are being asked by the public and governmental agencies to solve, are very challenging and require an integrated analysis of every scrap of data possible", stated co-author Keller. "Thus, creating open databases and the tools to access and analyze them is a continuing cyberinfrastructure challenge - and an even bigger challenge is the quantitative integration of diverse data sets to achieve a high quality scientific result."

Six of the 24 chapters in the book are co-authored by SDSC researchers, whose contributions cover a range of topics. They include Sriram Krishnan (comparative cyberinfrastructure), Ilya Zaslavsky (hydrologic information systems), Chris Crosby and Vishu Nandigam (high-resolution topographic data), and Amit Chourasia (advanced visualization).

"Today’s high-performance cyberinfrastructure embraces what I like to call high-performance data, as today's researchers in earth sciences and other fields need to efficiently sort through the deluge of digitally based information", stated Michael Norman, director of SDSC, an organized research unit of UC San Diego. "SDSC's strong level of participation in this new book reflects the leading-edge work we are doing in the areas of high-performance data, as well as earth sciences research."

The Geoinformatics initiatives described within G. Randy Keller and Chaitanya Baru's book enable manipulation, modelling and visualization of data in a consistent way, and how this is helping to develop integrated Earth models at various scales, from the near surface to the deep interior. The book also contains a series of case studies to demonstrate computer and database use across the geosciences. Chapters are thematically grouped into sections covering data collection and management; modeling and community computational codes; visualization and data representation; knowledge management and data integration; and web services and scientific work flows.

Geoinformatics has emerged as an initiative within the U.S. National Science Foundation's (NSF) Earth Sciences Division to address the growing recognition that Earth functions as a complex system, and is an important component of NSF's new initiative on a Cyberinfrastructure Framework for 21st Century Science and Engineering (CIF21).

Other major geosciences organisations also have recognized Geoinformatics as a particular area of interest. Both the American Geophysical Union (AGU) and the European Geophysical Union have an Earth and Space Science Informatics focus area, and the Geological Society of America (GSA) has created a separate Geoinformatics division.

More information about the 388-page hardbound book, published by the British-based Cambridge University Press, can be found on-line at http://www.cambridge.org/us/knowledge/isbn/item5964633/?site_locale=en_US

Source: San Diego Supercomputer Center - SDSC

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2011-06-06

EuroFlash

Christliches Jugenddorfwerk Deutschlands chooses Altair's HiQube business intelligence solution to manage and analyze its enterprise business information

From dusk to dawn: Ship's bridge simulation reaches a new level with projectiondesign

Quantum knowledge cools computers

PRACE offers access to Europe's fastest supercomputers - third call launched

Record breaking data centre for genome sequencing opened in Norwich

Panaya named Red Herring Top 100 Europe Tech Startup

USFlash

Team solves decades-old molecular mystery linked to blood clotting

Virtual Prairie results published

New IBM Cloud services to address education challenges

Petaflops power to NERSC

ALICE supercomputer runs computationally intensive research with Panasas high performance storage

High-performance computing cluster is University of Iowa's largest 'supercomputer' ever

NCSA deploys new high-performance cluster dedicated to industrial use

Chameleon magnets: Ability to switch magnets 'on' or 'off' could revolutionize computing

MASSIVE supercomputer open for general use in Australia

University of Toronto scientist leads international team in quantum physics first

SGI names Praveen K. Mandal Senior Vice President of Engineering

Platform Computing cited positively in industry report on private Cloud market

Supermicro shapes the future with MicroCloud and multi-GPU SuperServers at Computex Taipei 2011

Mellanox introduces ConnectX-3, the industry's first FDR 56Gb/s InfiniBand and 10/40 Gigabit Ethernet multi-protocol adapter

SDSC researchers co-author and co-edit new book on Geoinformatics

HP brings greater simplicity, flexibility and intelligence to client virtualization portfolio

Oracle Insurance Policy Administration for Life and Annuity delivers superior performance on Oracle Exadata Database Machine X2-2

Dubuque, Iowa and IBM combine analytics, Cloud computing and community engagement to conserve water