Conducted by Dr. Sandy Dall'erba, Director of the Regional Economics Applications Laboratory and Associate Professor of Agricultural and Consumer Economics (ACES) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the study calculated in 2015 values the projects impact on the creation of economic output (production), employment (Full Time Equivalent, FTE), labour income, local and state tax revenues, and federal tax revenues.
The $1.08 billion in economic impact includes $487,143,813 in labour income from 5,772 FTEs, $56,477,093 in state and local taxes, $122,813,903 in federal taxes, and a $227,300,00 impact resulting from research grants awarded from granting agencies to Illinois researchers, faculty, and students because they had access to conduct research on Blue Waters. The study does not include additional economic and societal benefits coming from the significant amount of computer time provided to Illinois researchers, strategic projects, and industry, nor does it account for the workforce development activities of the Blue Waters project - as they are a magnet for recruiting expert talent to Illinois - or the impacts of the science, engineering and research results that can only be accomplished on the Blue Waters.
Another way to express these results is through a multiplier, a measure of the "bang for the buck". Over the project's lifespan (October 2007 - June 2019), Blue Waters' output multiplier is 1.864 - every $1 spent for BW-related activities leads to an additional $0.864 of production in the state economy - and its employment multiplier is 2.044 - every job created by BW-related activities leads to one additional job created in the state economy.
"My sincerest gratitude goes to the University of Illinois, the State of Illinois, and the National Science Foundation for supporting this critical project which is enabling us to better understand our world, improve quality of life, and develop the nation's advanced digital workforce", stated Dr. William "Bill" Gropp, NCSA interim director and co-principal investigator for the Blue Waters project. "State and federal support for advanced high-performance computing provides immediate economic impact for our communities and positions the United States to lead the world during a critical era for cyberinfrastructure and at the same time provide unique future contributions from the results Blue Waters enables."
Illinois was awarded the $360 million Blue Waters project through an NSF Request for Proposal process in 2007. The construction of the National Petascale Computing Facility (NPCF), a state-of-the-art computing and data centre housing the system, was made possible by investments of $60 million by the State of Illinois and $87 million by the University of Illinois' Urbana campus. The construction of the NPCF alone (July 2008-June 2012) generated about $131.7 million in total impact on Illinois' economy, which includes the creation of 701 direct and indirect jobs, ranging from construction, to technical, to administration. The construction generated $4.3 million in local and state taxes and $9.6 million in federal taxes.
"Illinois is proud to have partnered with the National Science Foundation to support this bold endeavor to create leadership-class resources for researchers in Illinois and around the nation", stated Robert J. Jones, chancellor of the University of Illinois' Urbana campus. "NCSA has once again proven its ability to excel at stewarding major infrastructure investments and scientific innovations. We intend to continue leading the nation in high-performance computing."
The Blue Waters project, which has just completed its fourth full year of full service operations, is a key resource for recruiting and retaining world-class researchers and academic professionals. Since the project went online in April of 2013 until the study began in June 2016, it has supported 1,892 direct and indirect jobs and $177.9 million in labor income throughout the State of Illinois. The presence of Blue Waters during this period created a total of $20.9 million in local and state taxes and $41.8 million in federal taxes. The full operation and maintenance has generated a total impact of nearly $380.4 million, $227.3 million of which is due to research grants awarded to faculty with Blue Waters computing allocations.
The resulting overall direct economic impact sums to $1.08B for Illinois along with all the other benefits to the state, the university and nation the Blue Waters project brings.
"I applaud NCSA for its successfully stewardship of Illinois' financial support that has enabled this best-in-class education program and resources for Illinois students and researchers", stated Rep. Kelly Burke (D-36), chair of the Illinois House of Representatives Higher Education Appropriations Committee.
The report's executive summary, including methodology, is publicly available for download .