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Primeur weekly 2017-05-15

Special

NVIDIA ushers in new era of robotics, with breakthroughs making It easier to build and train intelligent machines ...

NVIDIA and Toyota collaborate to accelerate market introduction of autonomous cars ...

NVIDIA launches GPU Cloud platform to simplify AI development ...

NVIDIA advances AI computing revolution with new Volta-based DGX systems ...

NVIDIA launches revolutionary Volta GPU platform, fueling next era of AI and high performance computing ...

NVIDIA to train 100,000 developers on deep learning in 2017 ...

NVIDIA paves path to AI cities with Metropolis Edge-to-Cloud platform for video analytics ...

NVIDIA Tesla accelerators on IBM Cloud demonstrate advanced performance for training deep learning models ...

BSC and NVIDIA a step forward to the interactive simulation of humans ...

Quantum computing

Refrigerator for quantum computers discovered ...

Focus on Europe

EoCoE service page open for PRACE user community ...

Spring 2017 edition of the e-IRG newsletter available ...

PRACE to issue Annual Report 2016 ...

Middleware

Bright Computing announces 8.0 release - Setting new standard for automation and ease-of-use for Linux-based clusters and public, private and hybrid Clouds ...

CETIAT France chooses Bright Cluster Manager for aerodynamics and fluid mechanics HPC environment ...

2016 National Research Infrastructure Roadmap for Australia is now available ...

Hardware

Cray delivers production-ready AI with new Cray CS-Storm accelerated cluster supercomputers ...

Inspur to unveil 2U 8-GPU AI supercomputer at GTC 2017 ...

Inspur unveiled AIStation, AI deep learning training cluster management software at GTC 2017 ...

Supermicro systems deliver 170 Tflop/s FP16 of peak performance for artificial intelligence, and deep learning at GTC 2017 ...

NCSA's Blue Waters project provides $1.08 billion direct return to Illinois' economy ...

Applications

SDSC's Comet helps replicate brain circuitry to direct a realistic prosthetic arm ...

University of Wyoming graduate student one of 36 selected for CyberGIS Summer School ...

Supercomputing mimics berkelium experiments to validate new find ...

'Inverse designing' spontaneously self-assembling materials ...

Story of silver birch from genomic Big Data ...

Targeted, high-energy cancer treatments get a supercomputing boost ...

Computer accurately identifies and delineates breast cancers on digital tissue slides ...

Sound over silicon: Computing's wave of the future ...

USC Viterbi School of Engineering faculty awarded multiple MURI grants ...

New funding announced for Digital Earth Australia ...

NCSA releases annual report highlighting scientific exploration and breakthroughs enabled by the Blue Waters Project ...

Supercomputer can disprove the theory of sunspot formation ...

The Cloud

Inspur to release InCloud OS 5.0 "F.A.S.T" at the 2017 OpenStack Summit ...

IBM extends data science collaborative workspace to the private Cloud ...

Pointwise and Envenio Join Forces on Demand ...

Sound over silicon: Computing's wave of the future

Pierre Deymier believes phonons could power the next generation of supercomputers. Credit: University of Arizona.10 May 2017 Tucson - As computer parts grow tinier - billions of transistors are now packed onto silicon chips the size of a fingernail - silicon's performance shrinks too, and the material can overheat. Engineers are in a race to perfect quantum computers, which store, transmit and process information in fundamentally different ways than their digital cousins and have exponentially greater computing capability.

Pierre Deymier, a University of Arizona (UA) professor of materials science and engineering, has received a $900,000 grant from the W.M. Keck Foundation, matched by the UA, for a total of $1.8 million to build a type of quantum computing analogue that might perform as well as existing quantum computers and overcomes problems that plague current quantum computing prototypes.

He is a pioneer in the field of phononics, in which scientists and engineers manipulate phonons, quasi-particles that transmit sound and heat waves in unconventional ways to provide new forms of energy.

With his collaborators on the project, professor Pierre Lucas and researcher Keith Runge in the UA Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Deymier will build a prototype phonon-based computer.

"Phonon-based computing has the power to change the world as we know it", stated Pierre Deymier, the department's head, "not just for making more powerful computers, but for artificial intelligence, cryptography and analysis of big data. For example, a phononic computer could rapidly map a person's entire genome for developing more targeted medical therapies."

In binary digital, or regular, computing, information is stored on transistors in "bits" that can be in one of two states: 1 or 0, akin to on or off.

In quantum computing, a quantum bit, or qubit, can be in both states at the same time - a so-called "superposition" of states. Multiple qubits can also be "entangled" to form a whole that cannot be separated into its parts. Operating on the information stored in one qubit is equivalent to operating on the information stored in all of the entangled qubits.

This is what gives quantum computing so much greater mathematical prowess and may represent the wave of the future in information processing.

Few functioning quantum computers currently exist. Those that do, like the D-Wave, can make calculations millions of times faster than classical computers.

But they have problems, in part because qubits are extremely sensitive to environmental conditions like heat. To overcome this drawback, researchers must cool the qubits to cryogenic temperatures. The D-Wave takes up an entire room for cooling it to temperatures approaching absolute zero on the Kelvin scale.

Pierre Deymier believes that phonons, in units he has named "phase-bits" or "phi-bits", are the answer.

He has shown that information can be stored as phi-bits in a superposition state, like qubits, and that multiple phi-bits can be assembled so they cannot be separated - analogous to qubit entanglement. And phi-bits are less sensitive than qubits to external conditions.

"I can make phi-bits at room temperature in my lab", he stated.

Pierre Deymier has been working with Tech Launch Arizona, the UA's commercialization arm, to apply for multiple patents surrounding a number of phi-bit inventions, including the quantum computer itself. "We're excited to work with Pierre Deymier on more patent applications as the Keck Foundation-funded research progresses", stated Bob Sleeper, TLA licensing manager for the College of Engineering.

The potential of phi-bits to transform computing capability and manage big data appears limitless, Pierre Deymier said.

"Let's suppose you have a million phi-bits, with each one having both a 0 and a 1 in conventional computing bits. That means the amount of information you can process is 2 to the power of 1 million - which may be more than the number of atoms in the universe."

He added: "I believe quantum computing with phononics will be feasible, possibly in the next 10 years."

Source: University of Arizona College of Engineering

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2017-05-15

Special

NVIDIA ushers in new era of robotics, with breakthroughs making It easier to build and train intelligent machines ...

NVIDIA and Toyota collaborate to accelerate market introduction of autonomous cars ...

NVIDIA launches GPU Cloud platform to simplify AI development ...

NVIDIA advances AI computing revolution with new Volta-based DGX systems ...

NVIDIA launches revolutionary Volta GPU platform, fueling next era of AI and high performance computing ...

NVIDIA to train 100,000 developers on deep learning in 2017 ...

NVIDIA paves path to AI cities with Metropolis Edge-to-Cloud platform for video analytics ...

NVIDIA Tesla accelerators on IBM Cloud demonstrate advanced performance for training deep learning models ...

BSC and NVIDIA a step forward to the interactive simulation of humans ...

Quantum computing

Refrigerator for quantum computers discovered ...

Focus on Europe

EoCoE service page open for PRACE user community ...

Spring 2017 edition of the e-IRG newsletter available ...

PRACE to issue Annual Report 2016 ...

Middleware

Bright Computing announces 8.0 release - Setting new standard for automation and ease-of-use for Linux-based clusters and public, private and hybrid Clouds ...

CETIAT France chooses Bright Cluster Manager for aerodynamics and fluid mechanics HPC environment ...

2016 National Research Infrastructure Roadmap for Australia is now available ...

Hardware

Cray delivers production-ready AI with new Cray CS-Storm accelerated cluster supercomputers ...

Inspur to unveil 2U 8-GPU AI supercomputer at GTC 2017 ...

Inspur unveiled AIStation, AI deep learning training cluster management software at GTC 2017 ...

Supermicro systems deliver 170 Tflop/s FP16 of peak performance for artificial intelligence, and deep learning at GTC 2017 ...

NCSA's Blue Waters project provides $1.08 billion direct return to Illinois' economy ...

Applications

SDSC's Comet helps replicate brain circuitry to direct a realistic prosthetic arm ...

University of Wyoming graduate student one of 36 selected for CyberGIS Summer School ...

Supercomputing mimics berkelium experiments to validate new find ...

'Inverse designing' spontaneously self-assembling materials ...

Story of silver birch from genomic Big Data ...

Targeted, high-energy cancer treatments get a supercomputing boost ...

Computer accurately identifies and delineates breast cancers on digital tissue slides ...

Sound over silicon: Computing's wave of the future ...

USC Viterbi School of Engineering faculty awarded multiple MURI grants ...

New funding announced for Digital Earth Australia ...

NCSA releases annual report highlighting scientific exploration and breakthroughs enabled by the Blue Waters Project ...

Supercomputer can disprove the theory of sunspot formation ...

The Cloud

Inspur to release InCloud OS 5.0 "F.A.S.T" at the 2017 OpenStack Summit ...

IBM extends data science collaborative workspace to the private Cloud ...

Pointwise and Envenio Join Forces on Demand ...