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Primeur weekly 2016-05-17

Quantum computing

New design of primitive quantum computer finds application ...

Scientists take a major leap toward a perfect quantum metamaterial ...

A compact, efficient single photon source that operates at ambient temperatures on a chip ...

D-Wave Systems and 1QBit partner with financial industry experts to launch Quantum for Quants online community ...

Focus on Europe

Spring 2016 edition of the e-IRG newsletter available ...

Up to 150,000 euro up for grabs per European SME to fund CPS experiments ...

Alder Hey Children's Hospital set to become UK's first cognitive hospital ...

Leibniz Supercomputing Centre to host Workshop on HPC for Water Related Hazards ...

Registration still open for 9th International Workshop on Parallel Matrix Algorithms and Applications ...

Ron Perrott, an international leader in high performance computing receives ACM Distinguished Service Award ...

Middleware

Allinea tools to unleash research potential for Flemish supercomputer users ...

NSF grant to enable research computing infrastructure dedicated to science and engineering ...

Hardware

Leading thinkers convene in UK to tackle supercomputer efficiency barriers ...

Fujitsu receives order for 25 Petaflop/s supercomputer from the University of Tokyo and the University of Tsukuba ...

Call for Papers for PGAS Applications Workshop ...

IBM scientists achieve storage memory breakthrough ...

Applications

The Sun's magnetic field during the grand minimum is in fact at its maximum ...

IBM and UMBC collaborate to advance cognitive cybersecurity ...

Ten PhD students from across the USA selected as Blue Waters Graduate Fellows ...

Tiny terrors: Researcher works to uncover how bacteria develop antibiotic resistance through efflux pumps ...

Exxact Corporation extends its deep learning solutions with NVIDIA DGX-1 deep learning system ...

Engine design takes a major leap at Argonne ...

The Cloud

IBM Watson to tackle cybercrime ...

EuroFlash

TGAC installs largest SGI UV 300 supercomputer for Life Sciences worldwide to solve the most demanding data intensive problems ...

USFlash

US must up its game or risk being surpassed in supercomputing race by China, Japan & EU, new ITIF report finds ...

US must up its game or risk being surpassed in supercomputing race by China, Japan & EU, new ITIF report finds

28 Apr 2016 Washington - The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (ITIF), a technology policy think tank, in a new report urged U.S. policymakers to take decisive steps to ensure the United States continues to be a world leader in high-performance computing. Otherwise, it risks being surpassed by China, Japan, and the European Union at the expense of its economic competitiveness and national security.

"From efficiently designing next-generation products, to empowering scientific discovery, to ensuring the nation's security, high-performance computing undergirds America's defense and industrial competitiveness", stated Stephen Ezell, ITIF vice president for global innovation policy and coauthor of the new report. "The U.S. is home to three of the five fastest supercomputers in the world, but China is home to the global frontrunner and plans to launch an even faster supercomputer this year. Japan and the EU have also introduced concerted national programmes to achieve high-performance computing leadership. While America is still the world leader, other nations are gaining on us, so the U.S. cannot afford to rest on its laurels. It is important for policymakers to build on efforts the Obama administration has undertaken to ensure the U.S. does not get outpaced."

High-performance computing - using "supercomputers" and massively parallel processing techniques to solve complex computational problems through modeling, simulation, and data analysis - is critical to scientific leadership and national security, the report explains. Commercial innovators also leverage high-performance computing to achieve breakthroughs in a wide range of applications, including in manufacturing, life sciences, chemical engineering, electron­ics, and energy. The report details new areas of potential discovery for manufacturing and industrial applications, as well as health care and scientific research.

Yet the report shows how competition for global leadership in this area is intensifying. For example, while the United States today is home to 199 of the world's 500 most powerful supercomputers, this number is down 14 percent from the previous year and represents the fewest number of supercomputers the United States has placed in the TOP500 since the list's inception in 1993. This drop is occurring while other nations are simultaneously building up their own national strategies to strengthen their high-performance computing ecosystems with the goal of edging out the United States.

Recognizing the heightening competition, President Barack Obama announced the U.S. National Strategic Computing Initiative (NSCI) in July 2015. To build on this programme, ITIF offers the following policy recommendations:

  • Congress should hold hearings on the NSCI and the intensifying race for global high-performance computing leadership.
  • Congress should authorize and appropriate funding levels for the NSCI as requested in the Obama administration's FY 2017 budget.
  • Congress and the administration should reform export control regulations to match the reality of current high-performance computing systems.
  • The administration should continue to make technology transfer and commercialization activities a priority focus of America's network of national laboratories.
  • The administration should emphasize high-performance computing in federal worker training and retraining programmes and in relevant Manufacturing Extension Partnership engagements.

"This isn't just about making sure U.S. vendors are competitive", stated ITIF President Robert D. Atkinson, coauthor of the report. "This is about building a robust U.S. high-performance computing ecosystem focused on adoption and use, not just production. This will entail broadening knowledge and training and encouraging government agencies to use supercomputers for specific purposes like defense, renewable energy, weather forecasting, and more. Federal R&D investment in frontier technologies has been a catalyst for U.S. development of world-leading technology industries, and it will continue to be critical for leadership in high-performance computing as well."

The ITIF report is available online .
Source: Information Technology & Innovation Foundation - ITIF

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2016-05-17

Quantum computing

New design of primitive quantum computer finds application ...

Scientists take a major leap toward a perfect quantum metamaterial ...

A compact, efficient single photon source that operates at ambient temperatures on a chip ...

D-Wave Systems and 1QBit partner with financial industry experts to launch Quantum for Quants online community ...

Focus on Europe

Spring 2016 edition of the e-IRG newsletter available ...

Up to 150,000 euro up for grabs per European SME to fund CPS experiments ...

Alder Hey Children's Hospital set to become UK's first cognitive hospital ...

Leibniz Supercomputing Centre to host Workshop on HPC for Water Related Hazards ...

Registration still open for 9th International Workshop on Parallel Matrix Algorithms and Applications ...

Ron Perrott, an international leader in high performance computing receives ACM Distinguished Service Award ...

Middleware

Allinea tools to unleash research potential for Flemish supercomputer users ...

NSF grant to enable research computing infrastructure dedicated to science and engineering ...

Hardware

Leading thinkers convene in UK to tackle supercomputer efficiency barriers ...

Fujitsu receives order for 25 Petaflop/s supercomputer from the University of Tokyo and the University of Tsukuba ...

Call for Papers for PGAS Applications Workshop ...

IBM scientists achieve storage memory breakthrough ...

Applications

The Sun's magnetic field during the grand minimum is in fact at its maximum ...

IBM and UMBC collaborate to advance cognitive cybersecurity ...

Ten PhD students from across the USA selected as Blue Waters Graduate Fellows ...

Tiny terrors: Researcher works to uncover how bacteria develop antibiotic resistance through efflux pumps ...

Exxact Corporation extends its deep learning solutions with NVIDIA DGX-1 deep learning system ...

Engine design takes a major leap at Argonne ...

The Cloud

IBM Watson to tackle cybercrime ...

EuroFlash

TGAC installs largest SGI UV 300 supercomputer for Life Sciences worldwide to solve the most demanding data intensive problems ...

USFlash

US must up its game or risk being surpassed in supercomputing race by China, Japan & EU, new ITIF report finds ...