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Primeur weekly 2016-05-30

Focus

CERN technology for Large Hadron Collider to evolve from computing Grid to scientific Cloud ...

Quantum computing

Purdue professor selected to establish Station Q Purdue, part of Microsoft Station Q ...

Top international award for UNSW Australia quantum computing chief ...

D-Wave Systems to organize Quantum Computing Seminar at ISC16 ...

New device steps toward isolating single electrons for quantum computing ...

Dartmouth team creates new method to control quantum systems ...

Focus on Europe

The Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias will participate in new European SUNDIAL network ...

Discover how digital technology impacts scientific practice ...

Digital Infrastructures for Research 2016 to issue Call for Papers ...

Middleware

Cray Urika-GX system harnesses supercomputing performance to tackle Big Data analytics ...

Hardware

Cavium announces ThunderX2 ...

Gigantic ultrafast spin currents ...

Introducing the AMD FirePro S7100X, the industry’s first and only hardware-virtualized GPU for blade servers ...

STULZ USA announces strategic investment and commercial partnership with CoolIT Systems ...

Made-in-India supercomputers by August 2017 under govt's Rs 4,500-crore National Supercomputing Mission ...

Applications

KIT brings outstanding experimental physicist back to Germany ...

NOAA's premier forecast model goes 4D ...

Argonne launches first tech incubator ...

Current atmospheric models underestimate the dirtiness of Arctic air ...

The Cloud

FleetCor adopts IBM Cloud to help businesses stay in the fast lane ...

EnerTech of Kuwait Investment Authority selects Cloud-based analytics service from IBM and Waterfund for insights into water costs ...

IBM offers Watson services on Twilio marketplace ...

NOAA's premier forecast model goes 4D


11 May 2016 Washington, D.C. - NOAA's powerful new supercomputers paved the way for another upgrade to the U.S. Global Forecast System (GFS), NOAA's primary model for weather prediction. The upgrade builds on last year's significant boost to the GFS, which more than doubled the resolution of the model grid from 27 kilometers to 13 kilometers, resulting in higher resolution model output and more precise weather forecasts and warnings.

The shift to 4D ensemble hybrid data assimilation takes into account how weather systems evolve on a 3D spatial grid over time, with time now becoming the fourth dimension. This approach makes better use of earth observations used to initialize the model which gives forecasters a more accurate and timely picture of evolving weather situations.

"The GFS is the foundation for all of our weather and climate models, so today's upgrade will add skill across all NOAA's forecast mission areas, including hurricanes and other high-impact weather", stated Louis Uccellini, Ph.D., director of NOAA's National Weather Service. "Current investments in more powerful supercomputers, advanced modelling capabilities, and better earth observing systems are creating more precision in the forecast process and strengthening America's resiliency to extreme weather, water and climate events."

Louis Uccellini added that this GFS upgrade is the latest of a number of model improvements rolling out this spring and summer, thanks to increased supercomputing power NOAA acquired earlier this year. "America's needs for weather, climate, and water information and prediction are growing, and we're advancing our capabilities to meet current and future demand", he stated.

The GFS model is run four times a day with each update forecasting out to 16 days. With the new GFS, the model delivers hourly forecast guidance out to five days, instead of every three hours as before. Hourly forecasts will help forecasters better predict the onset of a storm and critical details of its evolution, which will be particularly helpful to decision-makers, emergency managers and commuters in preparation for morning and evening rush-hour. Hourly output has also allowed for new and improved icing information for the aviation community.

This upgrade also prepares the GFS to make use of highly anticipated satellite observations from JPSS and GOES-R. GOES-R is scheduled to launch later this year and will provide images of weather patterns and severe storms as frequently as every 30 seconds, which will contribute to more accurate and reliable weather forecasts and severe weather outlooks.

The improvements will allow for hundreds of thousands more earth observations from these satellites and other observations to inform GFS model output. For example, using satellite radiance information the new GFS can collect and ingest observations in both clear and cloudy sky conditions. In addition, the new GFS will make weather observations from commercial aircraft more reliable by filtering out poor data points and correcting biases.

When tested, the new GFS improved forecasts over grass and cropland in the Great Plains to more readily identify instability in the atmosphere that could lead to severe thunderstorms and tornadoes. The upgrade also improved precipitation forecasts for the continental U.S., and better predicted the development, track and intensity of tropical storms.

NOAA's weather and climate models, including the GFS, are free and available to the public.

Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - NOAA

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2016-05-30

Focus

CERN technology for Large Hadron Collider to evolve from computing Grid to scientific Cloud ...

Quantum computing

Purdue professor selected to establish Station Q Purdue, part of Microsoft Station Q ...

Top international award for UNSW Australia quantum computing chief ...

D-Wave Systems to organize Quantum Computing Seminar at ISC16 ...

New device steps toward isolating single electrons for quantum computing ...

Dartmouth team creates new method to control quantum systems ...

Focus on Europe

The Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias will participate in new European SUNDIAL network ...

Discover how digital technology impacts scientific practice ...

Digital Infrastructures for Research 2016 to issue Call for Papers ...

Middleware

Cray Urika-GX system harnesses supercomputing performance to tackle Big Data analytics ...

Hardware

Cavium announces ThunderX2 ...

Gigantic ultrafast spin currents ...

Introducing the AMD FirePro S7100X, the industry’s first and only hardware-virtualized GPU for blade servers ...

STULZ USA announces strategic investment and commercial partnership with CoolIT Systems ...

Made-in-India supercomputers by August 2017 under govt's Rs 4,500-crore National Supercomputing Mission ...

Applications

KIT brings outstanding experimental physicist back to Germany ...

NOAA's premier forecast model goes 4D ...

Argonne launches first tech incubator ...

Current atmospheric models underestimate the dirtiness of Arctic air ...

The Cloud

FleetCor adopts IBM Cloud to help businesses stay in the fast lane ...

EnerTech of Kuwait Investment Authority selects Cloud-based analytics service from IBM and Waterfund for insights into water costs ...

IBM offers Watson services on Twilio marketplace ...