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Primeur weekly 2015-05-11

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German Tier 2 supercomputer centres should form a collaboration network for High-Performance Computing ...

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German Tier 2 supercomputer centres should form a collaboration network for High-Performance Computing


Winfried Kretschmann, Prime Minister, Baden-Württemberg, Theresia Baue, Science minister, and Manfred Prenzel, chairman Wissenschaftsrat in Stuttgart. (c) Staatsministerium Baden-Wuerttemberg
11 May 2015 Stuttgart - The German Council of Science and Humanities (Wissenschaftsrat) proposes that the German Tier 2 supercomputer centres should form a collaboration network for High-Performance Computing. In this way, they should better be able to serve their scientific users and collaborate with the Gauss Centre for Supercomputing that in a similar way organises the Tier 1 supercomputer centres in Germany. The Wissenschaftsrat also says the cycle of renewing supercomputers should stay high because of the energy costs that drop with each new computer generation.

The German Council of Science and Humanities (Wissenschaftsrat) is an organisation that provides advice to the German Federal Government and the State (Länder) Governments on the structure and development of higher education and research. It does not distribute or control funding itself.

According to the Wissenschaftsrat, the HPC pyramid model is still valid. In Germany, there are several centres providing Tier 1 supercomputing. This includes for instance the large supercomputing centres in Jülich, Stuttgart and Munich. They provide services on a national level. On a European level, PRACE provides Tier 0 supercomputing access. At the level of Tier 2, there are several regional supercomputing centres, for instance in Hannover and Berlin. They still operate TOP500 class supercomputers but for regions in Germany. Some universities provide HPC services for their own local researchers.

The Wissenschaftsrat considers this three-Tier approach still valid for Germany. They propose however that the level 2 supercomputer centres more closely cooperate together wit the Gauss Centre in a "Verbund von Kompetenzzentren für Nationales Hoch- und Höchstleistungsrechnen (NHR)" - a collaboration network for High-Performance Computing.

The NHR should provide easy access for all German researchers, and all kinds of disciplines, from Digital Humanities, to fluid dynamics and neuro science. Not only hardware should be coordinated in such a way that different architectures can be made available to researchers, but also experiences in energy efficiency should be shared as should be software maintenance and training. Energy efficiency for supercomputers is important because currently the total energy bill in 5 years equals the investment cost of the average German supercomputer. Because the energy efficiency of systems in operations/watt increases faster than the performance measures in operation/s per second, it may be useful to consider replacing supercomputers after about 3 years.

The Wissenschaftsrat thinks a stable funding for a longer period of about 10 years of NHR supercomputing is necessary. Funding should come mainly from government funding at all levels. A pay-per-use system is considered inefficient, as it will just lead to more bureaucracy. However, the Wissenschaftrat recommends to make it easier for industry to use the NHR supercomputers.
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Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2015-05-11

Special

German Tier 2 supercomputer centres should form a collaboration network for High-Performance Computing ...

The Cloud

ANSYS 16.1 delivers enterprise simulation On The Cloud ...

IBM Watson establishes hybrid Cloud capabilities to accelerate new insights for the enterprise ...

HP and SAP accelerate journey to SAP S/4HANA on HP Helion managed Cloud ...

Industrial virtual factory lowers costs and reduces emissions ...

HP makes performance and load testing solutions available on the Microsoft Azure Marketplace ...

EuroFlash

High Performance computing element of the European Commission's new Digital Single Market Strategy for Europe ...

Biologists are increasingly becoming data scientists ...

Announcing the Hans Meuer Award winning Research Paper ...

ADVA Optical Networking launches ConnectGuard for ultimate data protection ...

German researchers use IBM Big Data solution to manage world's largest trove of climate data ...

15 million euro boost for European astronomy ...

USFlash

Gartner names CoolIT Systems a Cool Vendor in Data Center Management, Power and Cooling Report ...

University of Arkansas acquires new supercomputer for research support ...

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Cray names Nick Gorga to Vice President of Asia Pacific Sales ...

Cray reports first quarter financial results ...

Cray Urika-XA system wins Best of Show Award at Bio-IT World ...

Purdue's eighth supercomputing cluster in eight years not quite 'minute' Rice, but built in a day ...

UT Austin researchers use supercomputing to assess the impact of climate change on the country's growing season ...

IBM Watson Health, Epic and Mayo Clinic to unlock new insights from electronic health records ...

Scientists get ultra-fast and robust network across the Atlantic Ocean ...

Nepal disaster relief efforts to be aided by glacier researchers ...

Clinicians tap Watson to accelerate DNA analysis and inform personalized treatment options for patients ...

New chip architecture may provide foundation for quantum computer ...

The next step in DNA computing: GPS mapping? ...

IBM unveils Power Systems solutions to support SAP HANA ...