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Primeur weekly 2014-05-26

Special

The N4S Programme is building new infrastructure for industrial software applications ...

The Sprint-model in large projects ...

Interview with David Wallom about the launch of the Federated Cloud as a production service ...

David Wallom to recommend the EGI Federated Cloud as a production IaaS infrastructure for the European Economic Area ...

The Cloud

Fujitsu enhances suite of private Cloud platform products with support for OpenStack ...

Oracle Managed Cloud Services earns elite status for federal deployments ...

SoftLayer helps Mankind Pharma drive business growth ...

EuroFlash

Bull aims at delivering operational excellence for IT Departments ...

Computer models helping unravel the science of life? ...

Improved computer simulations enable better calculation of interfacial tension ...

Atos to acquire Bull to create a European global leader in Cloud, Cybersecurity, and Big Data ...

USFlash

TDC provides core video expertise for largest-ever light festival Vivid Sydney ...

Scientists study biomechanics behind amazing ant strength ...

The University of Tsukuba in Japan puts additional Cray CS300 cluster supercomputer into production ...

Mellanox collaborates with DataON to provide Cluster-in-a-Box storage appliance ...

Supermicro announces storage solutions optimized for extreme scale-out object-storage applications ...

Don't blink: NIST studies why quantum dots suffer from 'fluorescence intermittency' ...

Red Hat delivers powerful new capabilities in OpenShift Enterprise 2.1 ...

Inventors of Analytics System forerunner inducted into National Inventors Hall of Fame ...

UChicago to lead quantum engineering research team ...

New analysis eliminates a potential speed bump in quantum computing ...

Advance brings 'hyperbolic metamaterials' closer to reality ...

NIWA supercomputer back on-line ...

UChicago to lead quantum engineering research team


Andrew Cleland
14 May 2014 Chicago - The University of Chicago's Institute for Molecular Engineering will lead a team of researchers from five universities in an ambitious five-year, $6.75 million project to create a new class of quantum devices that will allow communication among quantum computers. Compared to binary computing, the use of quantum states of matter to communicate and store information could radically increase computing memory and speed and completely change how society thinks about information. Recent dramatic advances in this field have prompted researchers to begin considering quantum computing as a realistic possibility.

"It's turning out to be less complicated to manipulate quantum states in semiconductors and superconductors than previously imagined", stated project lead scientist David Awschalom, a physicist and the institute's Liew Family Professor in Spintronics and Quantum Information.

This team has an ambitious plan to engineer these capabilities toward the establishment of quantum networks. "In order to combine these states into something more complex, we need a technology that connects individual quantum states together, using 'quantum wiring' that transfers information from one quantum device to another", David Awschalom stated.

One goal of the new project is to communicate information between electrical quantum states and light using high-frequency mechanical motion as the intermediary. Specifically, the team will exploit the piezo-electric effect in optomechanical devices so as to transfer information between optical, vibrational and electrical quantum states. Piezo-electric materials develop an electric charge in response to a stress, and thus provide a means to mechanically control information transfer between electrons and photons. Such devices would be a first step in connecting local quantum states to an optical transmission network.

In addition to David Awschalom and Andrew Cleland, UChicago professor in molecular engineering, the team includes Sunil Bhave of Cornell University, Michel Devoret and Hong Tang of Yale University, Andrei Faraon of the California Institute of Technology and Aashish Clerk of McGill University.

The team will develop piezo-electric materials similar to those used in smartphones, integrated as tiny electromechanical devices, with sizes down to the nanometer scale - a virus measures 50 to 100 nanometers in diameter, a thousand times smaller than a human hair. These devices will be designed to vibrate mechanically at frequencies above a billion times a second, as well as trap light in their interior.

"The idea is that in these devices, you can make light and mechanics lose their separate identities, so that quantum information can transfer seamlessly from one to the other", Andrew Cleland stated. "The use of piezo-electricity then gives you a direct line into an electrical quantum system, such as a superconducting quantum bit."

"We want to show that in principle this is possible, and to build functional devices in just a few years. It's very ambitious", David Awschalom stated. "We have assembled a team to synthesize novel materials, manipulate quantum states with photonics and electronics, fabricate robust devices at the nanometer scale, develop communication links between these devices and model these functions with realistic theoretical models", he continued. "This is the type of research that no individual person on this team could do themselves. You need a collaborative group of talented scientists and engineers", David Awschalom stated.

"If Prof. Awschalom's team is successful in solving this hard problem, their work will enable new types of computers that operate exponentially faster than today's computers to solve certain problems that realistically cannot be solved with any modern computer", stated Henry Everitt, a senior research scientist for the U.S. Army at Redstone Arsenal and adjunct professor of physics at Duke University, who is unconnected with the project. "Their work will also enable new forms of secure communication and new types of sensors for some of the most delicate interactions in nature", Henry Everitt explained.

The research is funded by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research through the Department of Defense Multi-disciplinary University Research Initiative programme, which supports basic research conducted by teams of investigators that intersect more than one traditional science and engineering discipline. The UChicago-led project is one of only 24 MURI projects funded in 2014.
Source: University of Chicago

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2014-05-26

Special

The N4S Programme is building new infrastructure for industrial software applications ...

The Sprint-model in large projects ...

Interview with David Wallom about the launch of the Federated Cloud as a production service ...

David Wallom to recommend the EGI Federated Cloud as a production IaaS infrastructure for the European Economic Area ...

The Cloud

Fujitsu enhances suite of private Cloud platform products with support for OpenStack ...

Oracle Managed Cloud Services earns elite status for federal deployments ...

SoftLayer helps Mankind Pharma drive business growth ...

EuroFlash

Bull aims at delivering operational excellence for IT Departments ...

Computer models helping unravel the science of life? ...

Improved computer simulations enable better calculation of interfacial tension ...

Atos to acquire Bull to create a European global leader in Cloud, Cybersecurity, and Big Data ...

USFlash

TDC provides core video expertise for largest-ever light festival Vivid Sydney ...

Scientists study biomechanics behind amazing ant strength ...

The University of Tsukuba in Japan puts additional Cray CS300 cluster supercomputer into production ...

Mellanox collaborates with DataON to provide Cluster-in-a-Box storage appliance ...

Supermicro announces storage solutions optimized for extreme scale-out object-storage applications ...

Don't blink: NIST studies why quantum dots suffer from 'fluorescence intermittency' ...

Red Hat delivers powerful new capabilities in OpenShift Enterprise 2.1 ...

Inventors of Analytics System forerunner inducted into National Inventors Hall of Fame ...

UChicago to lead quantum engineering research team ...

New analysis eliminates a potential speed bump in quantum computing ...

Advance brings 'hyperbolic metamaterials' closer to reality ...

NIWA supercomputer back on-line ...