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Primeur weekly 2014-05-26

Special

The N4S Programme is building new infrastructure for industrial software applications ...

The Sprint-model in large projects ...

Interview with David Wallom about the launch of the Federated Cloud as a production service ...

David Wallom to recommend the EGI Federated Cloud as a production IaaS infrastructure for the European Economic Area ...

The Cloud

Fujitsu enhances suite of private Cloud platform products with support for OpenStack ...

Oracle Managed Cloud Services earns elite status for federal deployments ...

SoftLayer helps Mankind Pharma drive business growth ...

EuroFlash

Bull aims at delivering operational excellence for IT Departments ...

Computer models helping unravel the science of life? ...

Improved computer simulations enable better calculation of interfacial tension ...

Atos to acquire Bull to create a European global leader in Cloud, Cybersecurity, and Big Data ...

USFlash

TDC provides core video expertise for largest-ever light festival Vivid Sydney ...

Scientists study biomechanics behind amazing ant strength ...

The University of Tsukuba in Japan puts additional Cray CS300 cluster supercomputer into production ...

Mellanox collaborates with DataON to provide Cluster-in-a-Box storage appliance ...

Supermicro announces storage solutions optimized for extreme scale-out object-storage applications ...

Don't blink: NIST studies why quantum dots suffer from 'fluorescence intermittency' ...

Red Hat delivers powerful new capabilities in OpenShift Enterprise 2.1 ...

Inventors of Analytics System forerunner inducted into National Inventors Hall of Fame ...

UChicago to lead quantum engineering research team ...

New analysis eliminates a potential speed bump in quantum computing ...

Advance brings 'hyperbolic metamaterials' closer to reality ...

NIWA supercomputer back on-line ...

Inventors of Analytics System forerunner inducted into National Inventors Hall of Fame

26 May 2014 Alexandria - The National Inventors Hall of Fame has inducted three IBM engineers for their invention of the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (ASCC), which was developed more than 70 years ago to rapidly and accurately perform high-speed, complex mathematical calculations, and which paved the way for today's cognitive computing systems like IBM Watson.

IBM inventors Benjamin Durfee, Francis Hamilton and Clair Lake, as well as Harvard professor and co-inventor Howard Aiken, were posthumously honoured by the Hall of Fame for their invention (U.S. Patent #: 2,616,626) of the ASCC - the first automatic digital calculator able to retain mathematical rules in its memory and not require reprogramming to solve a new set of problems.

The ASCC was a harbinger of the programmable computing era when scientists began designing and building the first electronic programmable computers to enable advances like putting man on the moon to powering the Internet. The programmable era succeeded the tabulating era, which began in the 19th century when mechanical devices like punched card tabulators were used to calculate the U.S. Census or track business performance. Programmable computers are now giving way to today's era of cognitive systems that learn and interact naturally with people.

IBM inventors have stood at the forefront of each computing era - from inventing and producing the first punched card systems to developing early programmable systems like the ASCC to conceiving and creating transformational cognitive computing systems like Watson.

The massive ASCC consisted of 78 adding machines and calculators linked together, and featured 765,000 parts, 3,300 relays, over 500 miles of wire and more than 175,000 connections. In comparison, today's most advanced cognitive system running analytics, IBM Watson, is delivered via the Cloud and is powering a range of new consumer and enterprise services and apps.

"The invention of the ASCC was a precursor to today's cognitive computing era, which is transforming business and society by helping people quickly and accurately make sense of massive volumes of data using analytics", stated IBM Fellow and Vice President of Innovation, Bernie Meyerson. "IBM inventors around the world are building upon the accomplishments of Benjamin Durfee, Francis Hamilton and Clair Lake by fundamentally changing the way people interact with computing systems in more natural ways."

The ASCC was developed by Durfee, Hamilton and Lake at IBM's Endicott, New York plant. It was then shipped to Harvard University in February 1944, where it initially performed complex computations exclusively for the U.S. Navy during World War II and subsequently helped scientists in academia and business solve many complex problems in physics and other disciplines.

With Durfee, Hamilton and Lake's induction, IBM's growing presence in the prestigious National Inventors Hall of Fame includes 18 IBMers who were recognized for a variety of seminal inventions, such as DRAM, LASIK Eye Surgery, and the Scanning Tunneling Microscope.
Source: IBM

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2014-05-26

Special

The N4S Programme is building new infrastructure for industrial software applications ...

The Sprint-model in large projects ...

Interview with David Wallom about the launch of the Federated Cloud as a production service ...

David Wallom to recommend the EGI Federated Cloud as a production IaaS infrastructure for the European Economic Area ...

The Cloud

Fujitsu enhances suite of private Cloud platform products with support for OpenStack ...

Oracle Managed Cloud Services earns elite status for federal deployments ...

SoftLayer helps Mankind Pharma drive business growth ...

EuroFlash

Bull aims at delivering operational excellence for IT Departments ...

Computer models helping unravel the science of life? ...

Improved computer simulations enable better calculation of interfacial tension ...

Atos to acquire Bull to create a European global leader in Cloud, Cybersecurity, and Big Data ...

USFlash

TDC provides core video expertise for largest-ever light festival Vivid Sydney ...

Scientists study biomechanics behind amazing ant strength ...

The University of Tsukuba in Japan puts additional Cray CS300 cluster supercomputer into production ...

Mellanox collaborates with DataON to provide Cluster-in-a-Box storage appliance ...

Supermicro announces storage solutions optimized for extreme scale-out object-storage applications ...

Don't blink: NIST studies why quantum dots suffer from 'fluorescence intermittency' ...

Red Hat delivers powerful new capabilities in OpenShift Enterprise 2.1 ...

Inventors of Analytics System forerunner inducted into National Inventors Hall of Fame ...

UChicago to lead quantum engineering research team ...

New analysis eliminates a potential speed bump in quantum computing ...

Advance brings 'hyperbolic metamaterials' closer to reality ...

NIWA supercomputer back on-line ...