Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2018-04-03

Quantum computing

Putting quantum scientists in the driver's seat ...

Focus on Europe

Tuesday and Wednesday keynotes announced for ISC 2018 ...

PRACE SHAPE 7th Call for Applications opens from 3 April to 1 June 2018 ...

Cray commissioned to deliver FPGA-accelerated supercomputer to Paderborn University ...

Developing the technology for future smart cities and autonomous cars ...

Philips Research-led big data consortium receives EU funding to improve healthcare outcomes ...

Middleware

Bright partners with Bechtle to offer infrastructure management solutions to French customer base ...

The Linux Foundation and open source community members launch LF Deep Learning to drive open source growth in AI ...

Hardware

NVIDIA boosts world's leading deep learning computing platform, bringing 10x performance gain in six months ...

NVIDIA expands its deep learning inference capabilities for hyperscale data centres ...

DDN Storage announces groundbreaking 33GB/s performance to NVIDIA DGX servers to accelerate machine learning and AI initiatives ...

DDN and SQream partner to deliver the world's fastest Big Data analytics and enterprise business intelligence acceleration at massive scale ...

DDN Storage helps Standard Cognition revolutionize the consumer shopping experience with fully autonomous check-out ...

Supermicro's new scale-up artificial intelligence and machine learning systems with 8 NVIDIA Tesla V100 with NVLink GPUs deliver superior performance and system density ...

NVIDIA reinvents the workstation with real-time ray tracing ...

Penguin Computing receives Americas 2017 NVIDIA Partner Network High Performance Computing Partner of the Year Award ...

Molecular basis of neural memory - reviewing 'neuro-mimetic' technologies ...

Asperitas and Boston announce Immersed Computing partnership ...

NVIDIA and Arm partner to bring deep learning to billions of IoT devices ...

Applications

ANSYS to acquire optical simulation leader OPTIS ...

NCSA's Donna Cox wins 2018 Innovation Transfer Award ...

The future of photonics using quantum dots ...

Chemical synthesis with artificial intelligence: Researchers develop new computer method ...

Hong Kong Polytechnic University and Australian partners jointly launch impactful research on blockchain technologies ...

New Cray artificial intelligence offerings designed to accelerate customers' AI from pilot to production ...

Overcoming a battery's fatal flaw ...

The Cloud

DDN named Data Centre Platform partner of the year at Intel Technology Partner Awards, recognizing its market leadership at scale ...

Oracle redefines the Cloud database category with world's first autonomous database ...

The Linux Foundation announces expanded industry commitment to Akraino Edge Stack ...

OpenContrail is now "Tungsten Fabric" and completes move to The Linux Foundation ...

Molecular basis of neural memory - reviewing 'neuro-mimetic' technologies

29 Mar 2018 Jerusalem - The overwhelming quest in cognitive science has been (and still is) to scientifically describe mental processes on a molecular level, notably memory and intelligence, and attempt to mimic them technologically. But really 'intelligent' computers can only arise from an appreciation of neural reality with credible principles about the nature of neural mentation.

A function called 'Memory' is central to the intelligence of both computers and brains, though each type arise from quite different processes. For example, computers processes (computation) and memory are well characterized theoretically (information theory) and practically (manufacture of memory chips). But as there is no binary code for emotions, the computer is deficient of any emotive quality. By contrast, biologic neurons and neural nets remember on the basis of multinary (not binary) processes. They experience emotive states that confer meaning (value) to all stimuli. But what are the details of the biologic neural process?

To clarify these, Gerard Marx & Chaim Gilon propose a tripartite mechanism of neural memory and provide a chemographic description. It involves the interactions of neurons with their surrounding extracellular matrix (nECM) and dopants, comprising trace metals (copper, zinc, etc.) and neurotransmitters (more than 100 NTs). The NTs elicit both physiologic reactions and psychic states. Essentially, the neuron forms metal-centred complexes within the surrounding nECM, to encode cognitive units of information (cuinfo). Thus, neural memory is stored outside the highly extended cell, but readily available for recall.

Within that context, Marx & Gilon review the IBM Brain Chip and the Blue Brain Project, both being technologies which represent themselves as mimicking biologic neural systems, one as a chip, the other as a simulation. But both are found wanting, due to their inappropriate modeling of neuron morphology and the lack of emotive qualifiers. Consequently, the demotive IBM Brain Chip and the Blue Brain Simulation are inadequate actual and virtual constructs of neural systems and cannot be said to be truly 'neuromimetic'.

Gerard Marx & Chaim Gilon propose a novel, but credible biochemical model, a tripartite mechanism for neural memory. This implies a 'paradigm shift' for cognitive science, a new way of thinking about mental processes. Expectedly, the tripartite model could help steer the development of technologies truer to neurobiology and neurochemistry.

Marx G, et al. have authored the paper titled " Molecular Basis of Neural Memory. Part 8. Reviewing 'Neuro-Mimetic' Technologies ". It was published inNeuroscience and Biomedical Engineering, 2018, Vol. 6 - DOI: 10.2174/2213385206666180212125316.

Source: Bentham Science Publishers

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2018-04-03

Quantum computing

Putting quantum scientists in the driver's seat ...

Focus on Europe

Tuesday and Wednesday keynotes announced for ISC 2018 ...

PRACE SHAPE 7th Call for Applications opens from 3 April to 1 June 2018 ...

Cray commissioned to deliver FPGA-accelerated supercomputer to Paderborn University ...

Developing the technology for future smart cities and autonomous cars ...

Philips Research-led big data consortium receives EU funding to improve healthcare outcomes ...

Middleware

Bright partners with Bechtle to offer infrastructure management solutions to French customer base ...

The Linux Foundation and open source community members launch LF Deep Learning to drive open source growth in AI ...

Hardware

NVIDIA boosts world's leading deep learning computing platform, bringing 10x performance gain in six months ...

NVIDIA expands its deep learning inference capabilities for hyperscale data centres ...

DDN Storage announces groundbreaking 33GB/s performance to NVIDIA DGX servers to accelerate machine learning and AI initiatives ...

DDN and SQream partner to deliver the world's fastest Big Data analytics and enterprise business intelligence acceleration at massive scale ...

DDN Storage helps Standard Cognition revolutionize the consumer shopping experience with fully autonomous check-out ...

Supermicro's new scale-up artificial intelligence and machine learning systems with 8 NVIDIA Tesla V100 with NVLink GPUs deliver superior performance and system density ...

NVIDIA reinvents the workstation with real-time ray tracing ...

Penguin Computing receives Americas 2017 NVIDIA Partner Network High Performance Computing Partner of the Year Award ...

Molecular basis of neural memory - reviewing 'neuro-mimetic' technologies ...

Asperitas and Boston announce Immersed Computing partnership ...

NVIDIA and Arm partner to bring deep learning to billions of IoT devices ...

Applications

ANSYS to acquire optical simulation leader OPTIS ...

NCSA's Donna Cox wins 2018 Innovation Transfer Award ...

The future of photonics using quantum dots ...

Chemical synthesis with artificial intelligence: Researchers develop new computer method ...

Hong Kong Polytechnic University and Australian partners jointly launch impactful research on blockchain technologies ...

New Cray artificial intelligence offerings designed to accelerate customers' AI from pilot to production ...

Overcoming a battery's fatal flaw ...

The Cloud

DDN named Data Centre Platform partner of the year at Intel Technology Partner Awards, recognizing its market leadership at scale ...

Oracle redefines the Cloud database category with world's first autonomous database ...

The Linux Foundation announces expanded industry commitment to Akraino Edge Stack ...

OpenContrail is now "Tungsten Fabric" and completes move to The Linux Foundation ...