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Primeur weekly 2017-04-10

Exascale supercomputing

EUROSERVER paves the way for low-power data centres ...

Intersect360 Research to provide USCC testimony for China's Pursuit of Next Frontier Tech hearing ...

Quantum computing

'Virtual' interferometers may overcome scale issues for optical quantum computers ...

Quantum-physical model system ...

Optics advance quantum information processing ...

Focus on Europe

A glance into the ISC 2017 Research Paper Session ...

OCF announce Iceotope as liquid cooling partner for research and academic market ...

Return of the mini-supercomputer in the Netherlands: Little Green Machine II ...

Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry chooses vSMP Foundation ...

PRACE opens SHAPE 5th Call for Proposals ...

IBM invests to accelerate innovation, collaboration and fast-track health care solutions in Finland ...

73% of academics say access to research data helps them in their work; 34% do not publish their data ...

Middleware

DDN Lustre powers University of Edinburgh accelerated genomics research ...

Hardware

Supercomputer growth drives record HPC revenue in 2016, Hyperion Research reports ...

Canada's most powerful academic supercomputer will launch at Simon Fraser University ...

Silicon Mechanics Announces Recipient of 6th Annual Research Cluster Grant ...

U.S. businesses risk falling behind as lead in global semiconductor industry threatened ...

Fujitsu and Oracle launch Fujitsu SPARC M12 servers with world's fastest per-core performance ...

IBM Researchers advance the understanding of chip reliability at IEEE International Reliability Physics Symposium ...

Applications

Artificial intelligence: Bosch and University of Amsterdam to cooperate closely ...

Cyber gene network could speed up discoveries ...

How can network analysis lead to a new way of studying court decisions? ...

IBM patents machine learning models for drug discovery ...

Clemson scientists receive $2.95 million to improve and simplify large-scale data analysis ...

New brain-inspired cybersecurity system detects 'bad apples' 100 times faster ...

Supercomputers reveal how cell membranes keep cancer-causing proteins turned off ...

The Cloud

IBM opens Budapest Software Lab to develop Cloud Video solutions ...

IBM first to deliver latest NVIDIA GPU accelerator on the Cloud to speed AI workloads ...

University of Wyoming uses Oracle Cloud to drive core mission of teaching, research, and service ...

Industry experts discuss advantages and risks of shifting data analytics to the Cloud ...

U.S. businesses risk falling behind as lead in global semiconductor industry threatened

5 Apr 2017 Campbell - Processing performance improvements of computing components from Silicon Valley designers and manufacturers have hit a plateau, with the U.S. economy facing a major threat to its leadership in the $335 billion global semiconductor industry and the $1 trillion market for high-tech products and services powered by these semiconductors.

The U.S. generated nearly half of global semiconductor industry sales in 2015 with $166 billion. Thanks in large part to its rapid innovation, the U.S. semiconductor industry's impact on U.S. GDP growth and employment has historically been more than seven times its share of U.S. GDP. In fact, IT using- and IT producing-industries are estimated to account for nearly all economic productivity growth in the U.S. economy from 2010-2020.

But now, experts and the press have sounded the alarm for an impending sea state change in the semiconductor industry. The heady days of Moore's Law, which drove unprecedented innovation and staggering revenue growth in Silicon Valley for 50 years, with processing chips doubling performance every two years or so, now faces fundamental challenges. Because of physical limits, it is now harder to shrink circuits further.

Performance stagnation in U.S.-based semiconductor products is already enabling global competitors to catch up. Silicon Valley's fast moving performance increases have slowed to a crawl - the doubling time for the number of transistors on a chip has increased to 30 months and continues to rise - thereby providing global competitors an unprecedented opportunity. Ten years ago, Silicon Valley companies had a 10x performance advantage. Today, that lead is down to 30 percent and continues to erode.

"In the U.S., performance improvements have plummeted, innovation cycles have grown longer and manufacturing costs have not decreased", stated Dr. Radoslav Danilak, co-founder and CEO at Tachyum. "Losing ground in semiconductors will devastate our ability to compete on the global stage. What does that mean to the trillions of dollars' worth of consumer, commercial products and services that rely on high-performance chips? If we don't innovate ourselves out of this performance plateau, we may see U.S. industries struggle to compete with commoditized products, where price is the only differentiator."

China's government has intelligently responded to this slowdown. With national focus and hundreds of billions of dollars in investments, they are committed to advancing their semiconductor industry while U.S. venture capital investment in semiconductors decreased 58 percent. In 2013, China launched the world's fastest supercomputer, the Tiahne-2. In 2015, after the U.S. placed an embargo on Xeon processor exports to China, it motivated them to accelerate their internal development. Today, the world's fastest supercomputer is China's Sunway TiahuLight, which is comprised of 40,000 Chinese-designed processors; dropping the Tiahne-2 to No. 2. In third place is a U.S. supercomputer, which is 5x slower than TiahuLight.

To provide a better idea of how and why, one must consider device physics. The 10-nanometer transistors in use today are much faster than the wires that connect them. But virtually all major processing chips were designed when just the opposite was true: transistors were very slow compared to the wires that connected them. That design philosophy is now baked into the industry and it is why PCs have been stuck at 3-4GHz for a decade with "incremental model year improvements" becoming the norm. Expecting processing chips designed for slow transistors and fast wires to still be a competitive design when the wires are slow and the transistors are fast, doesn't make sense.

Advanced research that requires supercomputers, drives progress in cancer research, weather forecasting, global warming modelling and national security. From IoT through laptops and cell phones, to artificial intelligence, in almost every human endeavour, high-performance processing chips have become the critical enabler and differentiator. Maybe there is still a way to exploit today's device physics.

Tachyum is unlocking the inherent performance of nanometer-size devices to deliver products that will change its $24 billion dollar target market. Tachyum is set to deliver increases of more than 10x in processing performance at fraction of the cost of any competing product. The company intends to release a major announcement within the next month or two.
Source: Tachyum

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2017-04-10

Exascale supercomputing

EUROSERVER paves the way for low-power data centres ...

Intersect360 Research to provide USCC testimony for China's Pursuit of Next Frontier Tech hearing ...

Quantum computing

'Virtual' interferometers may overcome scale issues for optical quantum computers ...

Quantum-physical model system ...

Optics advance quantum information processing ...

Focus on Europe

A glance into the ISC 2017 Research Paper Session ...

OCF announce Iceotope as liquid cooling partner for research and academic market ...

Return of the mini-supercomputer in the Netherlands: Little Green Machine II ...

Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry chooses vSMP Foundation ...

PRACE opens SHAPE 5th Call for Proposals ...

IBM invests to accelerate innovation, collaboration and fast-track health care solutions in Finland ...

73% of academics say access to research data helps them in their work; 34% do not publish their data ...

Middleware

DDN Lustre powers University of Edinburgh accelerated genomics research ...

Hardware

Supercomputer growth drives record HPC revenue in 2016, Hyperion Research reports ...

Canada's most powerful academic supercomputer will launch at Simon Fraser University ...

Silicon Mechanics Announces Recipient of 6th Annual Research Cluster Grant ...

U.S. businesses risk falling behind as lead in global semiconductor industry threatened ...

Fujitsu and Oracle launch Fujitsu SPARC M12 servers with world's fastest per-core performance ...

IBM Researchers advance the understanding of chip reliability at IEEE International Reliability Physics Symposium ...

Applications

Artificial intelligence: Bosch and University of Amsterdam to cooperate closely ...

Cyber gene network could speed up discoveries ...

How can network analysis lead to a new way of studying court decisions? ...

IBM patents machine learning models for drug discovery ...

Clemson scientists receive $2.95 million to improve and simplify large-scale data analysis ...

New brain-inspired cybersecurity system detects 'bad apples' 100 times faster ...

Supercomputers reveal how cell membranes keep cancer-causing proteins turned off ...

The Cloud

IBM opens Budapest Software Lab to develop Cloud Video solutions ...

IBM first to deliver latest NVIDIA GPU accelerator on the Cloud to speed AI workloads ...

University of Wyoming uses Oracle Cloud to drive core mission of teaching, research, and service ...

Industry experts discuss advantages and risks of shifting data analytics to the Cloud ...