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Primeur weekly 2017-04-03

Focus

Luxembourg capital of supercomputing in Europe ...

Quantum computing

Quantum communication: How to outwit noise ...

Rigetti Computing raises $64 million in Series A and B funding, led by Andreessen Horowitz and Vy Capital ...

Focus on Europe

HPC Summit Week 2017 in Barcelona to gather main HPC stakeholders in Europe ...

Six High Performance Computing centres in the UK to be officially launched ...

It is easier for a DNA knot ...

Prof. Dieter Kranzlmüller is new Chairman of the Board of Directors at Leibniz Supercomputing Centre ...

GW4 world-first ARM based production supercomputer launched at national exhibition in the UK ...

Middleware

New version of Univa Grid Engine 2x faster than Sun Grid Engine 6.2u5 ...

Huawei and Altair sign MoU to jointly pursue High-Performance Computing (HPC) opportunities and build industrial simulation Cloud solutions ...

Hardware

New HPC installation to deploy Asetek liquid cooling solution ...

HPE to acquire Nimble Storage to strengthen leadership in hybrid IT ...

New Supermicro rack scale design brings open management for on-demand Cloud scale data centres ...

Supermicro launches new Intel Optane SSD optimized platforms ...

GBP 3 million awarded to Oxford-led consortium for national machine learning computing facility ...

EPCC invests GB 2.4 million in Tier-2 Cirrus system ...

Eurotech continues to lead innovation in embedded and high-performance computing: New designs featuring 2nd generation Intel Xeon Phi and Intel Atom E39XX ...

Officials dedicate Ohio OSC's newest, most powerful supercomputer ...

USC's Information Sciences Institute tapped to produce computing chips technology ...

Applications

Supercomputer puts Colombia on fast track to designing new HIV drugs, science and engineering discovery ...

SDSC announces Annual Supercomputing & Data Science Workshop ...

IBM patents cognitive system to manage self-driving vehicles ...

Cryo-electron microscopy achieves unprecedented resolution using new computational methods ...

Psychologists enlist machine learning to help diagnose depression ...

A seismic mapping milestone ...

Information storage with a nanoscale twist ...

Nanomagnets for future data storage ...

Researchers shoot for success with simulations of laser pulse-material interactions ...

A system based on data science to predict student dropouts ...

The Cloud

Oracle unveils industry-first Cloud Converged Storage to help organisations bridge on-premises and Oracle Cloud storage ...

Quantum communication: How to outwit noise


Even in the presence of noise, quantum information transfer is possible with a few special tricks. Credit: IQOQI/Harald Ritsch.
29 Mar 2017 Vienna - Nowadays we communicate via radio signals and send electrical pulses through long cables. This could change soon, however: Scientists have been working intensely on developing methods for quantum information transfer. This would enable tap-proof data transfer or, one day, even the linking of quantum computers.

Quantum information transfer requires reliable information transfer from one quantum system to the other, which is extremely difficult to achieve. Independently, two research teams - one at the University of Innsbruck and the other at TU Wien (Vienna) - have now developed a new quantum communication protocol. This protocol enables reliable quantum communication even under the presence of contaminating noise. Both research groups work with the same basic concept: To make the protocol immune to the noise, they add an additional element, a so-called quantum oscillator, at both ends of the quantum channel.

Scientists have conducted quantum communication experiments for a long time. "Researchers presented a quantum teleportation protocol already in the 1990s. It permits transferring the state of one quantum system to another by using optical photons", stated Benoit Vermersch, Postdoc in Peter Zoller's group at the University of Innsbruck. This works also over great distances but one has to accept that a lot of the photons are lost and only a tiny fraction reaches the detector.

"Our goal was to find a way to reliably transfer a quantum state from one place to the other without having to do it several times to make it work", explained Peter Rabl from the Atominstitut, TU Wien. Superconducting qubits, in particular, are promising elements for future quantum technologies. They are tiny circuits that can assume two different states at the same time. Contrary to conventional light switches that can be either turned on or turned off, the laws of quantum physics allow a qubit to assume any combination of these states, which is called quantum superposition.

To transfer this quantum state from one superconducting qubit to another requires microwave photons, which are already used for classic signal transfer. Reliably transferring quantum information via a microwave regime has been considered impossible as the constant thermal noise completely superposes the weaker quantum signal.

The two research groups have now shown that these obstacles are not impossible to overcome as previously assumed. In collaboration with teams from Harvard and Yale (USA) they have been able to develop a transfer protocol that is immune to the inevitable noise. "Our approach is to add another quantum system - a microwave oscillator - as a mediator at both ends of the protocol to couple the qubits instead of coupling them directly to the microwave channel or waveguide", explained Peter Rabl.

"We cannot prevent the thermal noise that develops in the quantum channel", stated Benoit Vermersch. "What is important is that this noise affects both oscillators on both ends in the same way. Therefore, we are able to exactly separate the detrimental effect of the noise from the weaker quantum signal through precise coupling to the waveguide."

"According to our calculations, we may connect qubits over several hundred meters with this protocol", stated Peter Rabl. "We would still have to cool the channels but in the long term it will be technologically feasible to link buildings or even cities in a quantum physical manner via microwave channels."

Source: Vienna University of Technology

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2017-04-03

Focus

Luxembourg capital of supercomputing in Europe ...

Quantum computing

Quantum communication: How to outwit noise ...

Rigetti Computing raises $64 million in Series A and B funding, led by Andreessen Horowitz and Vy Capital ...

Focus on Europe

HPC Summit Week 2017 in Barcelona to gather main HPC stakeholders in Europe ...

Six High Performance Computing centres in the UK to be officially launched ...

It is easier for a DNA knot ...

Prof. Dieter Kranzlmüller is new Chairman of the Board of Directors at Leibniz Supercomputing Centre ...

GW4 world-first ARM based production supercomputer launched at national exhibition in the UK ...

Middleware

New version of Univa Grid Engine 2x faster than Sun Grid Engine 6.2u5 ...

Huawei and Altair sign MoU to jointly pursue High-Performance Computing (HPC) opportunities and build industrial simulation Cloud solutions ...

Hardware

New HPC installation to deploy Asetek liquid cooling solution ...

HPE to acquire Nimble Storage to strengthen leadership in hybrid IT ...

New Supermicro rack scale design brings open management for on-demand Cloud scale data centres ...

Supermicro launches new Intel Optane SSD optimized platforms ...

GBP 3 million awarded to Oxford-led consortium for national machine learning computing facility ...

EPCC invests GB 2.4 million in Tier-2 Cirrus system ...

Eurotech continues to lead innovation in embedded and high-performance computing: New designs featuring 2nd generation Intel Xeon Phi and Intel Atom E39XX ...

Officials dedicate Ohio OSC's newest, most powerful supercomputer ...

USC's Information Sciences Institute tapped to produce computing chips technology ...

Applications

Supercomputer puts Colombia on fast track to designing new HIV drugs, science and engineering discovery ...

SDSC announces Annual Supercomputing & Data Science Workshop ...

IBM patents cognitive system to manage self-driving vehicles ...

Cryo-electron microscopy achieves unprecedented resolution using new computational methods ...

Psychologists enlist machine learning to help diagnose depression ...

A seismic mapping milestone ...

Information storage with a nanoscale twist ...

Nanomagnets for future data storage ...

Researchers shoot for success with simulations of laser pulse-material interactions ...

A system based on data science to predict student dropouts ...

The Cloud

Oracle unveils industry-first Cloud Converged Storage to help organisations bridge on-premises and Oracle Cloud storage ...