Climate experts in East Africa are using a UK-funded supercomputer to combat the continent's worst locust outbreak in 70 years, which is robbing people on the brink of starvation of much-needed food.
The supercomputer based in the regional climate centre in Kenya (ICPAC) uses satellite data to track dangerous locust swarms which in just one day can travel nearly 100 miles and consume the amount of crops that would otherwise feed 35.000 people.
The innovative technology - supported by UK aid and the UK Met Office - also produces extensive weather forecasts to predict the high winds, rainfall, and humidity that provide ideal breeding conditions for locusts so climate experts can predict their next destination. By improving early warning systems one is helping charities and African Governments to take rapid action to protect vulnerable communities.
The UK is also providing GBP 5 million to an emergency UN appeal to help vulnerable communities in Kenya, Somalia, Ethiopia, Sudan, South Sudan, Eritrea, Djibouti and Tanzania use this data to prepare for the arrival of locusts. This support will fund surveillance of the locusts and the spraying of aerial pesticides to kill the insects, protecting 78.000 hectares of land.
The locust infestation - driven by longer rainy seasons and extreme weather - has already destroyed hundreds of thousands of hectares of vegetation in East Africa. This is decimating the livelihoods of farmers and worsening the humanitarian crisis in East Africa where close to 25 million people are on the brink of starvation.
International Development Secretary Anne-Marie Trevelyan stated: "The devastating locust outbreak in East Africa has paralysed communities that are already facing the daily threat of starvation. Through UK aid and British expertise, we are helping to track, stop and kill dangerous swarms of locust to help millions of people fighting for survival. With rising temperatures and increasing cyclones driving these infestations, Britain is stepping up to help vulnerable communities prepare for and adapt to the catastrophic impacts of climate change."
UK aid to the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) has already helped protect 73.000 hectares across East Africa, supplied almost 290.000 litres of pesticides and trained 600 people to carry out surveillance to stop the locust spread.
On top of this, UK aid is helping vulnerable communities cope better with extreme weather by improving access to clean water, and providing drought-resistant seeds, farming tools and nutrition packs to families.
The supercomputer is being provided through the Department for International Development's Weather and Climate Information Services for Africa (WISER) programme, in collaboration with the Met Office and the Africa Climate Policy Centre.
The GBP 35 million programme will run from 2015 until 2021 and will: