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Primeur weekly 2019-03-04

Focus

Belgium to contribute 5 million euro to Finnish led pre-exascale EuroHPC consortium ...

Crowd computing

Crowd computing network delves into protein structure and seeks new disease therapies ...

Quantum computing

Bosch and QuSoft start quantum computing collaboration ...

Faster method to read quantum memory ...

'Immunizing' quantum bits so that they can grow up ...

D-Wave previews next-generation quantum computing platform ...

Intel drives development of quantum cryoprober with Bluefors and Afore to accelerate quantum computing ...

Researchers move closer to practical photonic quantum computing ...

Focus on Europe

ISC 2019 keynotes will reflect challenges and opportunities ahead ...

Middleware

Western Digital uses Univa HPC Cloud solutions on Amazon Web Services to build million core cluster, improving business competitive advantage ...

Univa offers new support services to Open Source Grid Engine users ...

Hardware

Analytics market leaders DDN Storage and SQream partnering to deliver accelerated business decisions ...

Panasas announces new growth investment and additions to its Board of Directors ...

Fujitsu launches industry's first 600G hyperscale optical transport solution, empowering tomorrow's high-speed networks ...

VAST Data unveils its universal storage architecture to bring an end to the enterprise HDD and storage tiering era ...

Global High Performance Computing (HPC) Market 2019-2024 by Component, Infrastructure, Services, Price Band, HPC Applications, and Deployment Type ...

Applications

Stampede2 and Maverick systems at TACC help power visualization of Arctic Ocean data ...

University at Buffalo names Abani Patra to lead Center for Computational Research ...

Supercomputing enables sound prediction model for controlling noise ...

The Cloud

Mellanox propels JD Cloud to new levels of performance and efficiency ...

National Science Foundation funds second round for OSC's Open OnDemand ...

'Immunizing' quantum bits so that they can grow up


A new material could 'immunize' topological quantum bits so that they are resilient enough for building a quantum computer. Credit: Purdue University image/Morteza Kayyalha.
26 Feb 2019 West Lafayette - Quantum computers will process significantly more information at once compared to today's computers. But the building blocks that contain this information - quantum bits, or "qubits" - are way too sensitive to their surroundings to work well enough right now to build a practical quantum computer.

Long story short, qubits need a better immune system before they can grow up.

A new material, engineered by Purdue University researchers into a thin strip, is one step closer to "immunizing" qubits against noise, such as heat and other parts of a computer, that interferes with how well they hold information. The work appears in Physical Review Letters .

The thin strip, called a "nanoribbon", is a version of a material that conducts electrical current on its surface but not on the inside - called a "topological insulator" - with two superconductor electrical leads to form a device called a "Josephson junction".

In a quantum computer, a qubit "entangles" with other qubits. This means that reading the quantum information from one qubit automatically affects the result from another, no matter how far apart they are.

Without entanglement, the speedy calculations that set apart quantum computing can't happen. But entanglement and the quantum nature of the qubits are also sensitive to noise, so they need extra protection.

A topological-insulator nanoribbon Josephson junction device is one of many options researchers have been investigating for building more resilient qubits. This resilience could come from special properties created by conducting a supercurrent on the surface of a topological insulator, where an electron's spin is locked to momentum.

The problem so far is that a supercurrent tends to leak into the inside of topological insulators, preventing it from flowing completely on the surface.

To get more resilient, topological qubits need supercurrents to flow through the surface channels of topological insulators.

"We have developed a material that is really clean, in the sense that there are no conducting states in the bulk of the topological insulator", stated Yong Chen, a Purdue professor of physics and astronomy and of electrical and computer engineering, and the director of the Purdue Quantum Science and Engineering Institute. "Superconductivity on the surface is the first step for building these topological quantum computing devices based on topological insulators."

Morteza Kayyalha, a former Ph.D. student in Yong Chen's lab, could show that the supercurrent wraps all the way around the new topological insulator nanoribbon at temperatures 20 percent lower than the "critical temperature", when the junction becomes superconducting. The experiment was conducted in collaboration with the lab of Leonid Rokhinson, a Purdue professor of physics and astronomy.

"It's known that as the temperature lowers, the superconductivity is enhanced", Yong Chen stated. "The fact that much more supercurrent flowed at even lower temperatures for our device was evidence that it is flowing around these protective surfaces."

This work was supported by multiple awards from the National Science Foundation, U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Department of Defense Office of Naval Research and the Simons Foundation.
Source: Purdue University

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2019-03-04

Focus

Belgium to contribute 5 million euro to Finnish led pre-exascale EuroHPC consortium ...

Crowd computing

Crowd computing network delves into protein structure and seeks new disease therapies ...

Quantum computing

Bosch and QuSoft start quantum computing collaboration ...

Faster method to read quantum memory ...

'Immunizing' quantum bits so that they can grow up ...

D-Wave previews next-generation quantum computing platform ...

Intel drives development of quantum cryoprober with Bluefors and Afore to accelerate quantum computing ...

Researchers move closer to practical photonic quantum computing ...

Focus on Europe

ISC 2019 keynotes will reflect challenges and opportunities ahead ...

Middleware

Western Digital uses Univa HPC Cloud solutions on Amazon Web Services to build million core cluster, improving business competitive advantage ...

Univa offers new support services to Open Source Grid Engine users ...

Hardware

Analytics market leaders DDN Storage and SQream partnering to deliver accelerated business decisions ...

Panasas announces new growth investment and additions to its Board of Directors ...

Fujitsu launches industry's first 600G hyperscale optical transport solution, empowering tomorrow's high-speed networks ...

VAST Data unveils its universal storage architecture to bring an end to the enterprise HDD and storage tiering era ...

Global High Performance Computing (HPC) Market 2019-2024 by Component, Infrastructure, Services, Price Band, HPC Applications, and Deployment Type ...

Applications

Stampede2 and Maverick systems at TACC help power visualization of Arctic Ocean data ...

University at Buffalo names Abani Patra to lead Center for Computational Research ...

Supercomputing enables sound prediction model for controlling noise ...

The Cloud

Mellanox propels JD Cloud to new levels of performance and efficiency ...

National Science Foundation funds second round for OSC's Open OnDemand ...