The Internet of Things is actually a part of it. When you think about the number of things that are online, being able to manage access to those resources in an intelligent way, being able to manage identity and resource discovery in specific domains or virtual organisations or communities of friends, however you want to find the concept that these kinds of things will have to be deployed to manage these kinds of infrastructures.
One of the use cases Craig Lee wanted to point out is disaster response. This is how he got into this particular area of federation management. To respond to international disaster requires some group of stakeholders to be able to federate and collaborate on the fly in a secure fashion.
There are very specific security requirements that have to be performed and managed. It is also an issue of being able to manage people's identities and authorizations, different identity attributes that would be associated.
Craig Lee is not married to the term virtual organisation but we have been seeing a lot of each other and that is the terminology, that is the abstract concept that Craig Lee uses to be able to manage a collaboration on the fly, on demand. A virtual organisation is a security collaboration context that you can spin up and take down. There could be some VOs or virtual realms or virtual projects that are long lived but you can also bring these up and take them down, based on requirements.
Another example Craig Lee liked to point to is a feature film production. In Los Angeles, there is an organisation called the Entertainment Technology Council and they are adopting Cloud technology because they may need to have a way to be able to manage access to different digital assets in their production or feature film. Different production houses would have to be authorized to touch and modify different digital assets that then they can finally edit into the final product that's exhibited and after that's done, their organisation would just be done and over with. You could decommission them and all those authorizations would go away.
These kinds of business-to-business interactions would be supported through this kind of federation technology. Organisations like OpenStack that are yet developing an open solution for these things can have a big impact for these kinds of capabilities.
This is where some of the Federation Identity Management work will come in because this is really one of the ways that OpenStack and specifically keystones addressing this notion of Federated Identity Management whereby you can ingest different types of identity credentials and map them into something that is locally understood, are helpful.
There is a huge semantic interoperability problem with regard to managing these kinds of federations. Going back to the example of disaster response, by analogy to the interoperable global trust Federation you could think that you could have a disaster response trust Federation where a number of these trust relationships are established. When a disaster happens somewhere in the world the necessary participants would be able to immediately establish the trust relationships for a specific response in terms of coordinating the first responders in the field, the delivery of relief material, the information of what civic infrastructure is still available on the ground. This whole notion of disaster relief is like a poster child for general federation management.
The work that has been done in Cloud federation is really going to make a big difference in these kinds of capabilities.