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Primeur weekly 2015-03-30

Exascale supercomputing

PRACEdays15 to include EESI2 Final Conference, Women in HPC, and Enabling Exascale in Europe ...

The Cloud

HP delivers first fully-configured and integrated OpenStack and Cloud Foundry-based private Cloud ...

Desktop Grids

BOINC 7.4.42 released to the public ...

EuroFlash

Altair Engineering announces keynote speakers from Airbus, Jaguar Land Rover and Bloodhound SSC to present at the 9th UK Altair Technology Conference ...

UK Atomic Weapons Establishment awards SGI contract to support research with new SGI ICE XA systems ...

Cray to deliver five-petaflop supercomputer and high-performance storage system to Petroleum Geo-Services ...

Theory of the Strong Interaction verified - Supercomputer calculates mass difference between neutron and proton ...

Lenovo opens first global High Performance Computing innovation centre in Germany ...

A rehearsal space with musicians 2,700 kilometers apart from each other ...

A first glimpse inside a macroscopic quantum state ...

USFlash

Automotive, aerospace and defense take centre stage at the 2015 Americas Altair Technology Conference ...

Big Data allows computer engineers to find genetic clues in humans ...

SGI delivers cutting-edge supercomputer to the National Institute for Materials Science ...

Supercomputers give universities a competitive edge, researchers find ...

Engineers develop new methods to speed up simulations in computational grand challenge ...

Micron and Intel unveil new 3D NAND flash memory ...

India's National Supercomputing Mission (NSM): Building capacity and capability to be jointly implemented by the Department of Science and Technology and Department of Electronics and Information Technology ...

U.S. Army improves systems testing to deliver more capability to fight ...

Quantum compute this - WSU mathematicians build code to take on toughest of cyber attacks ...

IBM invests in Modernizing Medicine to accelerate adoption of Watson technologies in health care ...

Quantum correlation can imply causation ...

From programmable backbones to advanced 'apps': An end-to-end vision of the future Internet ...

Building shape inspires new material discovery ...

UW scientists build a nanolaser using a single atomic sheet ...

OpenPOWER Foundation technology leaders unveil hardware solutions to deliver new server alternatives ...

A rehearsal space with musicians 2,700 kilometers apart from each other

23 Mar 2015 Santiago de Compostela - Making concerts possible with musicians separated by vast distances with minimal latency - delay between a musical performance and listening or recording - is the aim of a joint project of the Supercomputing Centre of Galicia and the University of Santiago de Compostela. For this purpose, live demonstration experiments have been conducted with professional musicians using pioneering music technologies in Europe.

Thanks to LOLA technology - developed by the Conservatorio Giuseppe Tartini di Trieste, Italy - the Supercomputing Centre of Galicia (CESGA) and the Canal Campus team at the University of Santiago de Compostela, led by Professor Xaime Fandiño, have conducted live experiments for two musicians separated by large distances to be able to rehearse for a concert with minimal latency; in other words, for this musical performance to be synchronous no matter how many kilometres separate the artists.

Galician musician and composer Pablo Novoa - who frequently collaborates with Iván Ferreiro's band and on his own projects such as Radio Pesquera - was called upon, along with Italian violinist Sebastiano Frattini - who was 2,700 kilometres away in Trieste, Italy, to perform two very well-known musical pieces: Sunny by Bobby Hebb, popular in the 1960s, and Get Lucky, a song by French group Daft Punk.

As Natalia Costas, Higher Technician of Telecommunications at CESGA, who was responsible for the experiment, told: "In our project a video is also created, so there are additional requirements in all aspects of the chain: the bandwidth, reliability and latency in communication of the video signal; as well as the processing capacity of the servers, imaging and projection systems, wiring, etc."

The aim of these experiments is to get closer to the perception we have of 'real time' and to be as synchronous as possible between both flows: audio and video. The project is a first in Spain, and there are other, previous trials only in European and American research networks.

"When I was asked to take part in this experiment, I accepted with joy; my degree was in Chemistry and it was a way of joining the two sides of my vocation. Getting to record or play at a distance opens up a vast field for collaboration between musicians and to give lessons without the need to travel. In addition, any progress to reduce latency is highly beneficial in improving musical and audiovisual recordings", Pablo Novoa added.

This technology can be used directly in music education, distance performances and rehearsals, or high-end videoconferencing. "It enables travel - and, as such, costs - to be reduced. But we could also think of applications in other fields, such as telemedicine, in which audiovisual communication with minimal latency is important", Natalia Costas commented.

When recording a soundtrack over a pre-recorded base, the latency is perceptible to the human ear if a delay of 15-20 milliseconds occurs. In this case, the track becomes displaced from the rest, giving the sense of being poorly played or lazily executed.

"It is highly important to minimise latency in order to play or record melodies, as this affected the rhythmic impulse of the piece played", the Galician musician explained.

All elements between both extremes of communication should be taken into account: sound capture, sound coding and decoding servers, intermediate network elements, lines of communication and the software used.

Not all kinds of music work the same way when adapting to the network. As latency between the musicians increases, compositions that are very rhythmic have greater difficulties in execution.

"There are already people teaching via Skype. The delay is there, but it is not so bad that music cannot be exchanged. We are still far from being able to play at the same time from a distance except at experimental level", Pablo Novoa pointed out.

On the other hand, this technology is not expensive. Its complexity lies in the demands it places on the network infrastructure that supports tools of this kind. They have to be communications with low losses, low latency and high bandwidth when video is used.

"We are going to continue building challenging experiments and seeking methods to create spaces where, on a daily basis, creators can benefit from these kinds of experiments. Furthermore, we are working to deploy a new node and seeking collaboration with other institutions in Spain and Europe", Natalia Costas concluded.
Source: FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2015-03-30

Exascale supercomputing

PRACEdays15 to include EESI2 Final Conference, Women in HPC, and Enabling Exascale in Europe ...

The Cloud

HP delivers first fully-configured and integrated OpenStack and Cloud Foundry-based private Cloud ...

Desktop Grids

BOINC 7.4.42 released to the public ...

EuroFlash

Altair Engineering announces keynote speakers from Airbus, Jaguar Land Rover and Bloodhound SSC to present at the 9th UK Altair Technology Conference ...

UK Atomic Weapons Establishment awards SGI contract to support research with new SGI ICE XA systems ...

Cray to deliver five-petaflop supercomputer and high-performance storage system to Petroleum Geo-Services ...

Theory of the Strong Interaction verified - Supercomputer calculates mass difference between neutron and proton ...

Lenovo opens first global High Performance Computing innovation centre in Germany ...

A rehearsal space with musicians 2,700 kilometers apart from each other ...

A first glimpse inside a macroscopic quantum state ...

USFlash

Automotive, aerospace and defense take centre stage at the 2015 Americas Altair Technology Conference ...

Big Data allows computer engineers to find genetic clues in humans ...

SGI delivers cutting-edge supercomputer to the National Institute for Materials Science ...

Supercomputers give universities a competitive edge, researchers find ...

Engineers develop new methods to speed up simulations in computational grand challenge ...

Micron and Intel unveil new 3D NAND flash memory ...

India's National Supercomputing Mission (NSM): Building capacity and capability to be jointly implemented by the Department of Science and Technology and Department of Electronics and Information Technology ...

U.S. Army improves systems testing to deliver more capability to fight ...

Quantum compute this - WSU mathematicians build code to take on toughest of cyber attacks ...

IBM invests in Modernizing Medicine to accelerate adoption of Watson technologies in health care ...

Quantum correlation can imply causation ...

From programmable backbones to advanced 'apps': An end-to-end vision of the future Internet ...

Building shape inspires new material discovery ...

UW scientists build a nanolaser using a single atomic sheet ...

OpenPOWER Foundation technology leaders unveil hardware solutions to deliver new server alternatives ...