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Primeur weekly 2020-02-10

Exascale supercomputing

Tachyum's reference design will be used in a 2021 AI/HPC supercomputer ...

Quantum computing

Forschungszentrum Jülich to establish technology laboratory for quantum computers ...

FEFU scientists developed method to build up functional elements of quantum computers ...

New quantum switch turns metals into insulators ...

Focus on Europe

International Advanced Research Workshop on High Performance Computing to issue Call for Participation ...

EPSRC appoints Mark Parsons Director of Research Computing ...

e-IRG Workshop "Grand challenges of e-Infrastructures within the new ERA" to issue Call for Participation ...

BigDFT4CHEM wins the EXDCI Call for Spin-off Initiatives (SPI) ...

Eni unveils its new supercomputing system HPC5, the world's most powerful for industrial use ...

Tachyum CEO Dr. Radoslav Danilak discusses 'Bringing Slovakia to the Forefront of the Digital Age' at CEO Forum ...

Middleware

KU Leuven joins the iRODS Consortium ...

Sylabs has released SingularityPRO 3.5 ...

Hardware

DDN named finalist in Storage Magazine and SearchStorage 2019 Products of the Year awards ...

Fujitsu receives supercomputer order from Nagoya University's Information Technology Center ...

Controlling light with light ...

WekaIO recognized as a coolest Cloud company by CRN ...

Samsung to Advance High Performance Computing Systems with Launch of Industry's First 3rd-generation (16GB) HBM2E ...

Xperi enters into new patent and technology license agreement with SK hynix ...

Supermicro announces second quarter fiscal 2020 financial results ...

Applications

BSC European supercomputing centre that most has contributed to Pan-Cancer ...

March 2020 HPC User Forum will showcase AI, energy research and other HPC areas ...

Deep learning accurately forecasts heat waves and cold spells ...

Retina-inspired carbon nitride-based photonic synapses for selective detection of UV light ...

Computer simulation for understanding brain cancer growth ...

Gordon examining secure computation ...

Fusion squeeze, global image mapping, computing mental health, and Na+ batteries at Oak Ridge National Laboratory ...

SDSC supercomputer models improve Oregon/Washington coastal forecasts ...

Protein Data Bank archive adds new coronavirus protease structure ...

Forschungszentrum Jülich to establish technology laboratory for quantum computers


View of the inside of the European quantum computer OpenSuperQ (currently under construction) at Juelich's Peter Grünberg Institute. Copyright: Forschungszentrum Jülich / Ralf-Uwe Limbach.
28 Jan 2020 Jülich - Quantum computer research will be established at Forschungszentrum Jülich as a national priority. The Helmholtz Quantum Center (HQC) will be a central technology laboratory which will cover the entire range of quantum research - from investigating quantum materials to developing prototypes. The project, which is funded by the Helmholtz Association with almost 50 million euro, has been launched in January 2020.
Prof. Stefan Tautz: Our aim is to create a type of Linux of quantum computing through the HQC. Copyright: Forschungszentrum Jülich / Sascha Kreklau.

"Quantum computing will change our world - in science, industry, the economy, and our everyday lives", explained Prof. Sebastian Schmidt, member of the Board of Directors of Forschungszentrum Jülich. "Establishing quantum computing in science and industry is one of the great challenges of the coming years and will require an enormous degree of cooperation. The Helmholtz Quantum Center (HQC) will be the Helmholtz Association's central infrastructure to meet the scientific and technological challenges that building a European quantum computer entails."

The field of quantum technologies and quantum computing receives a high degree of attention at even the highest levels of scientific and economic politics. Due to the expected influence on all areas of science, the economy, and the population, Europe’s technological independence is crucial. On the one hand, it is a major component of future cybersecurity concepts. On the other hand, the field of quantum computing has recently become particularly dynamic and is a fast-growing industrial sector. International investments in quantum computing are massive, in China and the USA in particular - despite the fact that scientific excellence and expertise to a large degree originate in European research.

In addition to the key role in the national strategy, the Helmholtz Quantum Center will offer particular opportunities for the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) to become one of the most important European innovation regions for quantum technology. This is important not only for science, but especially for the economy and industry in this region undergoing structural change.

"An open atmosphere for research and networking between all areas - science, the economy, industry - are essential for us", explained Stefan Tautz, who heads Jülich's Peter Grünberg Institute and will represent the scientific side during the launch phase of the HQC. "American tech-companies are currently trailblazing in this research, like the Windows and iOS of quantum computing. Our aim is to create a type of Linux of quantum computing through the HQC."

At the HQC, researchers will investigate different kinds of qubits - the quantum computer equivalent of conventional computer bits - ranging from technologically advanced systems to promising newer concepts. Each type of qubit has its own advantages and disadvantages, and it is presently unclear which concept will ultimately prevail in the long run.

As part of the EU Flagship Project OpenSuperQ, Jülich scientists like Prof. David DiVincenzo and Prof. Kristel Michielsen and European partners are therefore investigating superconducting qubits, which will be adopted for the construction of a European supercomputer at Jülich. "A new team of scientists is currently putting our first quantum computer laboratory into operation. As part of the OpenSuperQ Flagship Project, we are receiving small prototypes of superconducting quantum computer chips for testing from our European partners", explained Prof. David DiVincenzo. "We intend to contribute to each phase of the quantum hardware scale-up."

An alternative platform, atomic qubits in optical traps, is being developed for quantum simulations in the Flagship Project PASQUANS, in which Jülich theoretician Tommaso Calarco is involved: "Our scientific partners from all over Europe are working on experiments for the targeted manipulation of cold atoms to investigate the properties of complex quantum materials. For some such issues, we expect to exceed the computing power of existing computers as early as within the next few years."

Such quantum processors of different types will be the basis for the future of the European quantum computing and simulation infrastructure, in which Jülich can play an important role.

Other types of qubits cannot yet be controlled as well or are still at an early stage of development, such as semiconductor qubits. Furthermore, new ideas such as qubits based on topological insulators will be tested.

The HQC pools six research fields and seven technology clusters, thus combining basic research, theory, and development - from quantum materials to complete quantum computer systems. Research into materials for qubits is combined with manufacturing devices and systems for quantum computers and the co-design of hardware and software. JUNIQ, the Jülich user infrastructure for quantum computing launched in October, will be the unified portal for the different quantum computers, accessible to German and European users via Cloud.

The quantum centre will be housed in a new building to be constructed on the campus of Forschungszentrum Jülich, and will be equipped with the most advanced experimental technology. It will also have a direct connection to the Helmholtz Nano Facility and be closely interconnected with Forschungszentrum Jülich's institutes.

The new centre will additionally house two new institutes - for quantum control and quantum computers - as well as the JARA Institute for Quantum Information, which was established as part of the Jülich Aachen Research Alliance. Jülich's laboratory within the scope of the European Quantum Flagship will also be housed in the new building.

The HQC will be open to regional universities, national and European partners from science and industry, and joint projects in selected research fields. For this purpose, laboratory and office space will be provided for visiting scientists, as well as special meeting places for the exchange of scientific ideas.

The Helmholtz Quantum Center will take up its work in early 2020 and become fully operational in 2025.

Thomas Rachel, member of the German Bundestag and Parliamentary State Secretary to the Federal Minister of Education and Research, stated: "We have to keep up so that our industry does not become dependent on other countries and remains able to make decisions freely in future. For this reason, it is crucial to maintain and develop expertise on all aspects of quantum computing in Europe. It is not too late to expand Europe's capacities in this field, but investments must be made now. Expanding the quantum computing priority at Forschungszentrum Jülich is thus an important contribution to implementing our strategies at the level of the Helmholtz Association as well as the German and European level."

Isabel Pfeiffer-Poensgen, North Rhine-Westphalia's State Minister of Culture and Science, stated: "The fact that the Helmholtz Quantum Center is being established in Jülich attests to the outstanding scientific excellence of Forschungszentrum Jülich in the field of quantum technology. With the HQC for application-oriented basic research as well as the JUNIQ quantum computing user infrastructure, Forschungszentrum Jülich will offer science and industry in North Rhine-Westphalia excellent links with this exciting technology of the future. This shows that North Rhine-Westphalia as a location for research has an outstanding position in the field of quantum computing."

Prof. Dr. Andreas Pinkwart, Minister of Economic Affairs, Innovation, Digitalization and Energy of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia, stated: "Quantum technologies are expected to enable pioneering advances in industry, science, and society, as well as technological solutions far exceeding what is possible today. I am delighted that this ambitious project is being launched and will provide North Rhine-Westphalia with the opportunity of developing into one of the most important innovation locations for quantum technologies in Europe. Thanks to its innovative power, Forschungszentrum Jülich will develop visibility not only nationally, but internationally as well. The Helmholtz Quantum Center can become the nucleus of knowledge-based innovations, new technologies, and start-ups, and thus also offers an excellent basis for the development of novel, pioneering jobs in North Rhine-Westphalia. The Ministry of Economic Affairs, Innovation, Digitalization and Energy of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia and its quantum technology coordination office are happy to support the Helmholtz Quantum Center with its expertise."

Detail photo OpenSuperQ. Copyright: Forschungszentrum Jülich / Ralf-Uwe Limbach.
Source: Jülich Supercomputing Centre

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2020-02-10

Exascale supercomputing

Tachyum's reference design will be used in a 2021 AI/HPC supercomputer ...

Quantum computing

Forschungszentrum Jülich to establish technology laboratory for quantum computers ...

FEFU scientists developed method to build up functional elements of quantum computers ...

New quantum switch turns metals into insulators ...

Focus on Europe

International Advanced Research Workshop on High Performance Computing to issue Call for Participation ...

EPSRC appoints Mark Parsons Director of Research Computing ...

e-IRG Workshop "Grand challenges of e-Infrastructures within the new ERA" to issue Call for Participation ...

BigDFT4CHEM wins the EXDCI Call for Spin-off Initiatives (SPI) ...

Eni unveils its new supercomputing system HPC5, the world's most powerful for industrial use ...

Tachyum CEO Dr. Radoslav Danilak discusses 'Bringing Slovakia to the Forefront of the Digital Age' at CEO Forum ...

Middleware

KU Leuven joins the iRODS Consortium ...

Sylabs has released SingularityPRO 3.5 ...

Hardware

DDN named finalist in Storage Magazine and SearchStorage 2019 Products of the Year awards ...

Fujitsu receives supercomputer order from Nagoya University's Information Technology Center ...

Controlling light with light ...

WekaIO recognized as a coolest Cloud company by CRN ...

Samsung to Advance High Performance Computing Systems with Launch of Industry's First 3rd-generation (16GB) HBM2E ...

Xperi enters into new patent and technology license agreement with SK hynix ...

Supermicro announces second quarter fiscal 2020 financial results ...

Applications

BSC European supercomputing centre that most has contributed to Pan-Cancer ...

March 2020 HPC User Forum will showcase AI, energy research and other HPC areas ...

Deep learning accurately forecasts heat waves and cold spells ...

Retina-inspired carbon nitride-based photonic synapses for selective detection of UV light ...

Computer simulation for understanding brain cancer growth ...

Gordon examining secure computation ...

Fusion squeeze, global image mapping, computing mental health, and Na+ batteries at Oak Ridge National Laboratory ...

SDSC supercomputer models improve Oregon/Washington coastal forecasts ...

Protein Data Bank archive adds new coronavirus protease structure ...