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Primeur weekly 2018-02-26

Focus

The European Processor Initiative (EPI) to develop the processor that will be at the heart of the European exascale supercomputer effort ...

Quantum computing

Unconventional superconductor may be used to create quantum computers of the future ...

Developing reliable quantum computers: International research team makes important step on the path to solving certification problems ...

Programming on a silicon quantum chip ...

D-Wave locks in $20 million funding and completes prototype of next-gen quantum processor ...

Focus on Europe

Luxembourg joins the European supercomputer network PRACE ...

ICEI Public Information Event on the realisation of a federated HPC and data analytics infrastructure ...

Dutch eScience and Lorentz Centers launch Call to host workshop on digitally enhanced research ...

Middleware

Adaptive Computing announces release of Moab HPC Suite 9.1.2 ...

NCSA Assistant Director Dan Katz named BSSw Fellow ...

University of Nevada, Las Vegas' supercomputing boosted through new collaboration with Altair ...

Hardware

C-DAC focusing on cancer treatment using supercomputers as a tool ...

South-Korean Ministry of Science and Technology to announce Second National High-Performance Computing Fundamental Plan ...

IBM reveals novel energy-saving optical receiver with a new record of rapid power-on/off time ...

Computers learn to learn: Intel and researchers from Heidelberg and Dresden present three new neuromorphic chips ...

HPE helps U.S. Department of Defense to advance national defense capabilities ...

OCF deploys petascale Lenovo supercomputer at University of Southampton ...

HPE reports fiscal 2018 first quarter results ...

Ranovus announces general availability of its on-board optics and CFP2 direct detect transceiver products for 5G mobility and data centre interconnect applications ...

Mellanox appoints Steve Sanghi and Umesh Padval to Board of Directors ...

Applications

Supercomputers aid discovery of new, inexpensive material to make LEDs with high colour quality ...

AI companies to reuse crypto mining farms for deep learning in health care ...

Computer scientists and materials researchers collaborate to optimize steel classification ...

Boris Kaus receives ERC Consolidator Grant for his research in magmatic processes ...

Metabolic modelling becomes three-dimensional ...

Powerful supercomputer unlocks possibilities for tinier devices and affordable DNA sequencing ...

New Berkeley Lab algorithms create "Minimalist Machine Learning" that analyzes images from very little information ...

The Cloud

Adaptive Computing makes HPC Cloud strategies more accessible with the Moab/NODUS Cloud Bursting 1.1.0 release ...

USFlash

Gen-Z Consortium announces the public release of its Core Specification 1.0 ...

Boris Kaus receives ERC Consolidator Grant for his research in magmatic processes


Prof. Boris Kaus in front of Mount Fitz Roy, a crystallized magma chamber, in Argentina. Photo credit: private.
21 Feb 2018 Mainz - Geophysicist Professor Boris Kaus receives 2 million euro from the European Research Council (ERC) to better understand magmatic processes in the interior of the Earth using computer simulations. Boris Kaus has been Professor of Geodynamics and Geophysics at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) since 2011 and together with his team is specialized in understanding the physics of geological processes on small and large scales. The ERC will be providing support to his Melting and Geodynamic Models of Ascent (MAGMA) project over the coming five years in the shape of an ERC Consolidator Grant, one of the most highly endowed sponsorships in the EU. The participating researchers will develop new computer models of magmatic systems and compare the results of the computer simulations with available geological and geophysical data. This should provide important information on how magmatic systems behave over geological eras and why supervolcanoes form only rarely.

Magma is generated in the mantle of the Earth, at depths between 70 to 200 kilometers. Its creation and migration through the lithosphere result in spectacular geological processes such as volcanic eruptions and the formation of large gold deposits, but it is also responsible for the formation of the continents. It is difficult to study magmatic systems because they are not directly accessible and are active for millions of years. The method usually employed to investigate them is to indirectly reconstruct them by studying former magma chambers, for example. These so-called batholiths, crystallized millions of years ago, can be found in mountain ranges such as the Andes. In addition, geophysical methods can be employed to examine magmatic systems, but this is only feasible in the case of currently active systems and reveals little about how they develop over longer time periods.

"There are many hypotheses about how magma ascends through the lithosphere, but to date there is no physically accurate model of the whole magmatic system", Boris Kaus commented the current status of research.

Within the framework of the MAGMA project, running from 2018 to 2023, Boris Kaus and his team aim to create new numerical models that will simulate ascending magma. They will not only need large computer systems, such as the MOGON high performance computers available at JGU, but also and especially the appropriate software. "There is no software designed for the investigation of magmatic systems such as that available for weather forecasting, for example. This means that at present there is little we know about the actual physics of magma movements", stated Boris Kaus. His group thus plans to design the first generation of computer models which will represent the physical aspects consistent with the creation, migration, and chemical development of magma in 2D and 3D simulations.

Subsequently, the simulations will be compared with the known natural conditions and the models and available data will be considered in combination in order to explore the structure and dynamics of active magmatic systems. The researchers also intend to examine some of the major magmatic systems of the Earth, namely Mount St. Helens, the Andes, Yellowstone, and the Izu-Bonin Arc to identify common features and differences.

"Only about five percent of all magma comes to the Earth's surface, 95 percent crystallizes in the Earth's crust. So we need to look at the system as a whole, from magma chambers at three to five kilometers deep to partially molten rock at depths of over 100 kilometers", explained Boris Kaus. This should help explain aspects that are not yet fully understood, such as what effect significant changes to the lithosphere can have on magmatic processes, why only a small amount of magma ever reaches a volcano while the majority crystallizes somewhere in the Earth's crust, how magma moves through the lithosphere, and how magmatic systems develop over millions of years.

Boris Kaus moved from ETH Zurich to Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz in 2011, where he was appointed Professor of Geodynamics and Geophysics. He received an ERC Starting Grant (2010-2015) and an ERC Proof of Concept Grant (2016-2017). The recent award of the ERC Consolidator Grant further underlines the excellent work being undertaken by the Dutch geophysicist. Since 2017, Boris Kaus has been the Managing Director of the Institute of Geosciences at JGU.

The ERC Consolidator Grant is one of the most prestigious awards given by the EU to researchers. The European Research Council uses these grants to support excellent researchers in consolidating their own research team and program, usually at a time 7 to 12 years after they have finished their doctorates. In order to be awarded a grant, applicants must not only demonstrate excellence in research but must additionally provide evidence of the pioneering nature of their project and its feasibility.

Source: Universität Mainz

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2018-02-26

Focus

The European Processor Initiative (EPI) to develop the processor that will be at the heart of the European exascale supercomputer effort ...

Quantum computing

Unconventional superconductor may be used to create quantum computers of the future ...

Developing reliable quantum computers: International research team makes important step on the path to solving certification problems ...

Programming on a silicon quantum chip ...

D-Wave locks in $20 million funding and completes prototype of next-gen quantum processor ...

Focus on Europe

Luxembourg joins the European supercomputer network PRACE ...

ICEI Public Information Event on the realisation of a federated HPC and data analytics infrastructure ...

Dutch eScience and Lorentz Centers launch Call to host workshop on digitally enhanced research ...

Middleware

Adaptive Computing announces release of Moab HPC Suite 9.1.2 ...

NCSA Assistant Director Dan Katz named BSSw Fellow ...

University of Nevada, Las Vegas' supercomputing boosted through new collaboration with Altair ...

Hardware

C-DAC focusing on cancer treatment using supercomputers as a tool ...

South-Korean Ministry of Science and Technology to announce Second National High-Performance Computing Fundamental Plan ...

IBM reveals novel energy-saving optical receiver with a new record of rapid power-on/off time ...

Computers learn to learn: Intel and researchers from Heidelberg and Dresden present three new neuromorphic chips ...

HPE helps U.S. Department of Defense to advance national defense capabilities ...

OCF deploys petascale Lenovo supercomputer at University of Southampton ...

HPE reports fiscal 2018 first quarter results ...

Ranovus announces general availability of its on-board optics and CFP2 direct detect transceiver products for 5G mobility and data centre interconnect applications ...

Mellanox appoints Steve Sanghi and Umesh Padval to Board of Directors ...

Applications

Supercomputers aid discovery of new, inexpensive material to make LEDs with high colour quality ...

AI companies to reuse crypto mining farms for deep learning in health care ...

Computer scientists and materials researchers collaborate to optimize steel classification ...

Boris Kaus receives ERC Consolidator Grant for his research in magmatic processes ...

Metabolic modelling becomes three-dimensional ...

Powerful supercomputer unlocks possibilities for tinier devices and affordable DNA sequencing ...

New Berkeley Lab algorithms create "Minimalist Machine Learning" that analyzes images from very little information ...

The Cloud

Adaptive Computing makes HPC Cloud strategies more accessible with the Moab/NODUS Cloud Bursting 1.1.0 release ...

USFlash

Gen-Z Consortium announces the public release of its Core Specification 1.0 ...