Minister Yu Young-min stated: "Based on Article 7 of the Act on the Utilization and Promotion of National High-Performance Computers, the Second National High-Performance Computing Fundamental Plan contains mid- to long-term policy directions for expanding the role of ultra-high-performance computers, the core infrastructures of the fourth industrial revolution era, and securing future high-performance computing resources and technologies."
The plan was finalized in April of last year after gathering opinions from public opinion meetings and experts' gatherings through the planning committee composed of 60 experts from industry and academia.
The government has been establishing and implementing the "National High-Performance Computing Master Plan" every five years in accordance with the National High-Performance Computing and Education Act.
The government plans to build the world's 10th ultra-high performance computing infrastructure through the 1st Basic Plan (2013-2017) and expand the utilization base of computing in education and research, which is the basis of Korea's high-performance computing for more than 2,000 researchers per year from 161 institutes of industry, academia,
However, there are also a number of areas that need to be supplemented, such as the lack of large group research programmes that maximize the benefits of ultra high performance computing, the inefficiency of a small number of large equipment to meet all computing demands, and the lack of future computing technology development capabilities.
"The Second National High-Performance Computing Fundamental Plan (2018-2022) complements the insufficiencies derived from the analysis of the primary basic plan performance and, in order to prepare for the upcoming future society, the high-performance computing capabilities", Minister Yu Young-min stated. "First, we will expand the use of ultra high-performance computing in a variety of fields."
Research groups that utilize petascale and ultra high-performance computing are required to find and support large-scale data analysis and high accuracy to generate power-generating performance in research and development. Researchers' research using ultra high-performance computing will help to accelerate national R&D achievement by saving cost and time.
By expanding the use of ultra-high performance computing-based Modelling & Simulation (M&S) for manufacturing companies, it helps enterprises to reduce product development cost and time, and to solve problems in marine and medical fields. It will contribute to solving the problems of the people's life in a short time.
Supercomputing power will help virtualization of the product design stage to replace actual physical product manufacturing and experimental activities with virtual product creation (modelling) and engineering analysis (simulation) activities
It will enhance timely response to changes in the marine environment using ultra-high resolution ocean prediction information, and medical data analysis to improve disease prediction technology.
"In addition, we will continue to explore and support diverse social issues that can be solved using ultra-high-performance computers", Minister Yu Young-min stated.
In second place, the Ministry of Science and Technology will secure a high-performance computing infrastructure for future demand.
The government will set up a national high-performance computing resource roadmap to resolve inefficiencies in response to all computing needs with a small number of large resources and timely respond to various future demands. The government will also implement a national flagging system and national flagship system. It will promote the securing of specialized small-scale systems (intelligent information technology, etc.) for each purpose.
The industry-academia-academia-government high-performance computing organisation will organize a consultative body to promote effective allocation of resources to demanding computing resources, and to expand the base of users by operating diverse professional education programmes to utilize ultra-high performance computing.
Finally, the source technology of ultra-high performance computing will be secured.
The government will bring together the domestic industry, academic, and provincial capabilities to develop petascale computing for localization of key technologies of ultra-high performance computing, and to support future computing technologies that can replace existing ultra high performance computing systems.
The operation plan of the next-generation semiconductor and quantum computing programme looks as follows:.
In addition, it fosters specialized industries supporting the introduction of M&S to computing companies such as servers, storage and manufacturing.
An official from the Ministry of Information and Communication stated: "In order to strengthen the domestic high-performance computing capacity, we have established a second basic plan in terms of securing high-performance computing resources, expanding the use of the entire society, KOREA 4.0, and will lead the fourth industrial revolution."
The 4th Industrial Revolution is the "Ministry of Science and Technology Innovation Control Tower", a policy brand symbolizing Intelligence, Innovation, Integration, Inclusiveness and Interaction.