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Primeur weekly 2017-02-06

Focus

Photon and Neutron Community ready to act as a go-between for the e-Infrastructures and user communities ...

Bridging socio-cultural distance in science through technical community-engaging mechanisms ...

Exascale supercomputing

How to improve data management in the supercomputers of the future ...

Crowd computing

Your computer can help scientists search for new childhood cancer treatments ...

Quantum computing

Quantum phase transition observed for the first time ...

Quantum matter: Shaken, but not stirred ...

First ever blueprint unveiled to construct a large scale quantum computer ...

Focus on Europe

PRACE opens Tier-1 for Tier-0 service ...

Middleware

New version of Univa Unisight 4.1 provides comprehensive tool to support IT purchasing decisions ...

Czech TV speeds broadcast and production delivery with DDN's fully integrated MEDIAScaler platform ...

Optimized compiler yields more-efficient parallel programmes ...

Hardware

Three magnetic states for each hole: researchers investigate the potential of metal grids for electronic components ...

Making the switch to polarization diversity ...

SDSC's 'Comet' supercomputer surpasses '10,000 users' milestone ...

New Cheyenne supercomputer triples scientific capability with greater efficiency ...

GBP 3.2 million for Midlands-based high performance computing centre ...

Applications

Machine learning accurately predicts metallic defects ...

Jupiter Medical Center implements revolutionary Watson for Oncology to help oncologists make data-driven cancer treatment decisions ...

University of Delaware's Anderson Janotti receives NSF Career Award to model defects in complex materials ...

Supercomputing and experiment combine for first look at magnetism of real nanoparticle ...

Researchers flip script for Li-Ion electrolytes to simulate better batteries ...

Huawei and SURFsara join forces for ICT innovation in Smart Healthcare and Smart Energy ...

The shape of melting in two dimensions: University of Michigan team uses Titan to explore fundamental phase transitions ...

Nature Geoscience highlights CALIOPE's ability to "provide decision makers with the information they need to take preventive action" on air quality ...

Magnetic recording with light and no heat on garnet ...

Breaking the jargon barrier ...

Carnegie Mellon Artificial Intelligence beats top poker pros ...

Preventing blood clots with a new metric for heart function: Simulations on Stampede supercomputer reveal better way of predicting future clots in the left ventricle ...

Berkeley Lab resources used to model superluminous supernova in 2D for first time ...

The Cloud

Utilities regulators see value in the Cloud and Cloud technology investments as critical to utilities' success ...

Quantum matter: Shaken, but not stirred


Image: Christoph Hohmann, Nanosystems Initiative Munich (NIM).
1 Feb 2017 Munich - A team of researchers led by Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen (LMU) physics professor Immanuel Bloch has experimentally realized an exotic quantum system which is robust to mixing by periodic forces.

When James Bond asks the barkeeper for a Martini ("shaken, not stirred"), he takes it for granted that the ingredients of the drink are miscible. If he were to place the order in a bar in the quantum realm, however, Agent 007 might be in for a surprise. For a research team led by physicists Pranjal Bordia, Professor Immanuel Bloch, LMU and Max-Planck-Institute for Quantum Optics, and Professor Michael Knap, TU Munich, Physics Department and Institute for Advanced Study, has now prepared a form of quantum matter that is robust to shaking - a property that would make life difficult for cocktail lovers.

In fact, the problem with quantum matter normally lies in its very sensitivity to perturbation: The action of even weak oscillatory forces typically has drastic consequences in the long term and is expected to dramatically alter its initial state. Therefore - up until now - it had been widely assumed that quantum systems should normally be susceptible to mixing, since shaking injects energy into the system, and should cause it to heat up indefinitely.

But the Munich group has now experimentally characterized an exotic quantum state that does not behave in this way: When subjected to a periodic force, its constituents do not mix. The researchers first cooled a cloud of potassium atoms to an extremely low temperature in a vacuum chamber. They then loaded the ultracold atoms into an optical lattice formed by counter-propagating laser beams that generate standing waves. Such a lattice can be thought of as a network of energy wells in which the atoms can be individually trapped, like the eggs in an egg carton.

"In addition, we were able to introduce disorder into the lattice in a controlled manner by randomly altering the depth of the individual wells", stated Pranjal Bordia, first author of the new study. By this means, the potassium atoms could be localized in special areas of the network, and were not evenly distributed within the lattice. The physicists then shook the lattice by periodically varying the intensity of the laser light. But the system turned out to be so stable that the localized groups of atoms did not mix. The potassium atoms were tossed about somewhat, but their overall distribution in the lattice remained intact.

The experiments confirm recently published predictions relating to a specific class of quantum systems in which disorder actually serves to localize quantum particles. Moreover, the observation that this newly realized exotic quantum state remained stable for an unexpectedly long time is supported by the results of subsequent high-performance numerical simulations. The experimental demonstration of this quantum system could have practical consequences for efforts to develop robust quantum computers, and studies of exotic quantum states promise to yield new insights into fundamental issues in theoretical physics.

The study titled " Periodically Driving a Many-Body Localized Quantum System " is authored by Pranjal Bordia, Henrik Lüschen, Ulrich Schneider, Michael Knap, and Immanuel Bloch. It is published inNature Physics2017.

Source: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen - LMU

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2017-02-06

Focus

Photon and Neutron Community ready to act as a go-between for the e-Infrastructures and user communities ...

Bridging socio-cultural distance in science through technical community-engaging mechanisms ...

Exascale supercomputing

How to improve data management in the supercomputers of the future ...

Crowd computing

Your computer can help scientists search for new childhood cancer treatments ...

Quantum computing

Quantum phase transition observed for the first time ...

Quantum matter: Shaken, but not stirred ...

First ever blueprint unveiled to construct a large scale quantum computer ...

Focus on Europe

PRACE opens Tier-1 for Tier-0 service ...

Middleware

New version of Univa Unisight 4.1 provides comprehensive tool to support IT purchasing decisions ...

Czech TV speeds broadcast and production delivery with DDN's fully integrated MEDIAScaler platform ...

Optimized compiler yields more-efficient parallel programmes ...

Hardware

Three magnetic states for each hole: researchers investigate the potential of metal grids for electronic components ...

Making the switch to polarization diversity ...

SDSC's 'Comet' supercomputer surpasses '10,000 users' milestone ...

New Cheyenne supercomputer triples scientific capability with greater efficiency ...

GBP 3.2 million for Midlands-based high performance computing centre ...

Applications

Machine learning accurately predicts metallic defects ...

Jupiter Medical Center implements revolutionary Watson for Oncology to help oncologists make data-driven cancer treatment decisions ...

University of Delaware's Anderson Janotti receives NSF Career Award to model defects in complex materials ...

Supercomputing and experiment combine for first look at magnetism of real nanoparticle ...

Researchers flip script for Li-Ion electrolytes to simulate better batteries ...

Huawei and SURFsara join forces for ICT innovation in Smart Healthcare and Smart Energy ...

The shape of melting in two dimensions: University of Michigan team uses Titan to explore fundamental phase transitions ...

Nature Geoscience highlights CALIOPE's ability to "provide decision makers with the information they need to take preventive action" on air quality ...

Magnetic recording with light and no heat on garnet ...

Breaking the jargon barrier ...

Carnegie Mellon Artificial Intelligence beats top poker pros ...

Preventing blood clots with a new metric for heart function: Simulations on Stampede supercomputer reveal better way of predicting future clots in the left ventricle ...

Berkeley Lab resources used to model superluminous supernova in 2D for first time ...

The Cloud

Utilities regulators see value in the Cloud and Cloud technology investments as critical to utilities' success ...