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Primeur weekly 2016-02-08

Focus

Reaching towards fully-integrated 3D tomography using new generation of algorithms and high performant scanning equipment and GPU clusters ...

Whole genome sequencing using HPC clusters in project MinE to find a cure for ALS ...

Exascale supercomputing

How to fit ten million computers into a single Supercomputer? The ExaNeSt project paves the way. European consortium becomes the trailblazer in the development of the most challenging architectures ...

Focus on Europe

Europe and Brazil join forces to improve the efficiency of the energy sector with HPC ...

Upcoming e-IRG Workshop will focus on the Progress of the e-Infrastructure Commons ...

CCRT boosts industrial innovation with a petascale supercomputer from Bull ...

Middleware

Ellexus launches tool to load balance shared storage called Mistral ...

Frame unveils powerful new visual supercomputer in the Cloud ...

Hardware

Poznan Supercomputing & Networking Center and Huawei launch HPC cluster, liquid cooled by CoolIT Systems ...

DDN WOS object storage software wins 2016 Storage Visions Award for secure, collaborative Cloud storage ...

Auburn University unveils $1 million supercomputer and initiates new technology acquisition plan ...

AMD reveals world's first hardware-virtualized GPU product line ...

High Performance Computing (HPC) market worth 36.62 billion USD by 2020 ...

Mellanox promotes Amit Katz to Vice President of Ethernet Switch Sales ...

Applications

Ofiice of Naval Research-sponsored technology simulates how legs bleed ...

Anton 2 supercomputer at PSC will increase speed and size of molecular simulations ...

NCSA awarded grant to examine effective practices in industrial HPC ...

A stellar collaboration: Supercomputing and NASA's IRIS Observatory ...

Carnegie Mellon joins IARPA project to reverse-engineer brain algorithms ...

Bionik Laboratories to utilize machine learning and analytics to improve neurological rehabilitation ...

IBM Watson Ecosystem opens for business in India ...

American Heart Association, IBM Watson Health and Welltok team up to transform heart health ...

The Cloud

Nimbix addresses enterprise call for high-performance computing with executive sales hire ...

IBM launches Cloud data and analytics marketplace for developers ...

IBM closes deal to acquire The Weather Company's product and technology businesses ...

How to fit ten million computers into a single Supercomputer? The ExaNeSt project paves the way. European consortium becomes the trailblazer in the development of the most challenging architectures


A 512-core FPGA Emulator that will be used for ExaNeSt - a new EU funded supercomputer platform, which CWI spin-off MonetDB Solutions helps to build in the coming years. Photo source: ExaNeSt
1 Feb 2016 Heraklion, Sheffield - The next generation of supercomputers must be capable of a billion billion calculations per second. These are referred to as Exascale computers and with this ability to undertake such volume of calculations, they will transform our understanding of the world through advanced simulation and problem solving. It will take ten million processors working together to achieve Exascale - the equivalent of asking ten million individuals to solve, in a single second, a problem that would normally take one person 3 months - about ten million seconds; so how can this be achieved? A step towards the Exascale vision is being made by a European Consortium, funded by the Horizon2020 initiative of the EU and entitled ExaNeSt, which is building its first straw man prototype this year, 2016.

The Consortium consists of twelve partners, each of which has expertise in a core technology needed for innovation to reach Exascale. ExaNeSt takes the sensible, integrated approach of co-designing the hardware and software, enabling the prototype to run real-life evaluations, facilitating its scalability and maturity into this decade and beyond.

Being able to move, process and manage unprecedented volumes of data would allow greater insight into many areas of our lives including climate change, cosmology, drug design, energy safety, national security, material science, medicine and countless other scientific and engineering disciplines.

Understanding more of the world allows us to manage its future more effectively and contribute positively to the advancement of society. Current technology, however, is faced with many technical limitations in reaching an Exascale architecture. Key barriers are energy and cooling demands, compact packaging, permanent storage, interconnection, resilience and not least application behaviour.

ExaNeSt addresses these using energy-efficient ARM cores, quiet and power-efficient liquid cooling, non-volatile (e.g. flash) memories integrated into the processor fabric, and the development of innovative, fast interconnects that avoid congestion.

Manolis Katevenis, Head of Computer Architecture at FORTH-ICS, stated: "As project coordinators, we will seek an efficient collaboration of all partners to build the prototypes - as we have done time and again in the past - because only through real, working systems can computing advance to its next stage."

Peter Hopton, Founder and CVO of Iceotope Ltd, commented: "Iceotope can uniquely enable the ExaNeSt project due to its 3D cooling capability - and by doing so, the Iceotope platform lends itself readily to the first, demonstrable Exascale prototype."

Allinea are providing the ARMv8 profiling and debugging tools which David Lecomber, CEO of Allinea Software added "will ensure that developers of key scientific software packages are able to exploit the potential of the system".

Likewise, Stefano Cozzini, founder and co-CEO of eXact-lab remarked that "eXact-lab has key expertise in developing and porting scientific packages suited to Exascale, especially those in the fields of earth and material science".

The competences of Enginsoft range from mechanical and structural engineering to optimization in fields such as fluid dynamics, electromagnetism, multi-physics and more. Gino Perna, Head of ICT and HPC at Enginsoft commented that "it is this simulation expertise which is most effective for innovation on this architectural scale".

MonetDB Solutions helps to showcase the future generation ExaNeSt platform, which consists of up to 10 million of low-cost and low-energy ARM processors. The CWI spin-off will evaluate the platform with extremely compute-intensive Big Data analytics applications. The full prototype is expected in 2018.

"MonetDBSolutions brings the knowledge of more than 3 decades of database research and industrial practices to the consortium", stated Martin Kersten, Co-founder and CEO of MonetDB Solutions. "Through its open-source columnar database system MonetDB, MonetDB Solutions will showcase the applicability of the ExaNeSt platform for a broad scope of extremely compute intensive Business Intelligence and Big Data Analytics applications."

Feeding huge amounts of data efficiently in an architecture of Exascale proportions will be enabled through the core expertise of Fraunhofer ITWM. Bernd Lietzow of Fraunhofer noted that "within the framework of the project, Fraunhofer ITWM contributes to the focus area of developing a highly scalable I/Oapproach based on Fraunhofer’s parallel file system BeeGFSas a core component".

Daniel Raho, R&D Director of Virtual Open Systems, stated: "Thanks to ExaNeSt, Virtual Open Systems will push High Performance Computing (HPC) specific virtualization technology to the Exascale level, to enable users and maintainers to cope with the unprecedented size of the system."

Giuliano Taffoni, the project principal investigator at INAF, commented: "INAF's astrophysical codes will contribute to the design and testing of the network and storage infrastructure. In turn, access to ExaNest prototype resources will offer a unique opportunity for computational cosmology to execute complex simulations of our Universe with unprecedented resolution."

In terms of building high speed interconnects for the immensity of Exascale platforms, Piero Vicini, leader of the INFN team, stated: "The ExaNeSt prototype will allow us to explore and validate innovative architectural solutions required to speed-up the execution of our large-scale scientific applications which includes a simplified model of human brain function."

A broad range of expertise in the design of communication infrastructure is also being supplied by the University of Manchester. Javier Navaridas, Lecturer at the University of Manchester, stated: "Computing systems of the magnitude confronted by ExaNeSt feature highly challenging communication demands which cannot be complied with using current off-the-self technologies, therefore we will use our core expertise to produce an efficient, high performance communication infrastructure."

Javier Marti, Director of NTC, and Julio Sahuquillo, member of the GAP research group, commented: "UPV will explore and analyse the proper state-to-date photonic and optical link technologies at different levels of the Exascale platform."

ExaNeSt collaborates with other European R&D projects and partners, including:

  • EuroServer,which developed the underlying efficient communication between ARM processors;
  • ExaNoDe, which focuses on ARM based microserver HPC computer design;
  • ECOSCALE, which develops programmable-hardware accelerators for specialized computations;
  • Kaleao Ltd., which enables and produces new generation computing platforms by converging compute, storage, and networking into efficient, extremely compact, and transparent server solutions.
  • Xilinx Inc., providing FPGA technology and flexible high speed communication.
  • Micron Inc., for advanced low power memory and storage technology.

With the core technologies of its partners and collaborators, ExaNeSt is anticipated to complete its first straw man prototype in 2016, a full prototype in 2018, and will inevitably leave a trail of innovation in its path.

More information is available at the ExaNeSt project website.
Source: FORTH Institute of Computer Science

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2016-02-08

Focus

Reaching towards fully-integrated 3D tomography using new generation of algorithms and high performant scanning equipment and GPU clusters ...

Whole genome sequencing using HPC clusters in project MinE to find a cure for ALS ...

Exascale supercomputing

How to fit ten million computers into a single Supercomputer? The ExaNeSt project paves the way. European consortium becomes the trailblazer in the development of the most challenging architectures ...

Focus on Europe

Europe and Brazil join forces to improve the efficiency of the energy sector with HPC ...

Upcoming e-IRG Workshop will focus on the Progress of the e-Infrastructure Commons ...

CCRT boosts industrial innovation with a petascale supercomputer from Bull ...

Middleware

Ellexus launches tool to load balance shared storage called Mistral ...

Frame unveils powerful new visual supercomputer in the Cloud ...

Hardware

Poznan Supercomputing & Networking Center and Huawei launch HPC cluster, liquid cooled by CoolIT Systems ...

DDN WOS object storage software wins 2016 Storage Visions Award for secure, collaborative Cloud storage ...

Auburn University unveils $1 million supercomputer and initiates new technology acquisition plan ...

AMD reveals world's first hardware-virtualized GPU product line ...

High Performance Computing (HPC) market worth 36.62 billion USD by 2020 ...

Mellanox promotes Amit Katz to Vice President of Ethernet Switch Sales ...

Applications

Ofiice of Naval Research-sponsored technology simulates how legs bleed ...

Anton 2 supercomputer at PSC will increase speed and size of molecular simulations ...

NCSA awarded grant to examine effective practices in industrial HPC ...

A stellar collaboration: Supercomputing and NASA's IRIS Observatory ...

Carnegie Mellon joins IARPA project to reverse-engineer brain algorithms ...

Bionik Laboratories to utilize machine learning and analytics to improve neurological rehabilitation ...

IBM Watson Ecosystem opens for business in India ...

American Heart Association, IBM Watson Health and Welltok team up to transform heart health ...

The Cloud

Nimbix addresses enterprise call for high-performance computing with executive sales hire ...

IBM launches Cloud data and analytics marketplace for developers ...

IBM closes deal to acquire The Weather Company's product and technology businesses ...