In air-reed instruments such as a recorder, the flow velocity fluctuates by the blowing of performer. These fluctuations generate sound - pressure and density fluctuations. It had been known that a small change of the shape or material of instruments critically affects ease of playing or how a performer feels during performance. However, the detailed relationship of the shape or material and the sound had not been clarified, and the reason why they affect the tones was unknown.
However, by these predicted results, scientists understand the way the sound is radiating from flows in the recorder. Moreover, the way the sound is propagated to the far field - performer's ears or audience - around the recorder was also clarified. These results contribute to the revolution of the design of future musical instruments.
Everyone knows the instrument radiates sound when we blow it. However, the complex flow and sound phenomena are hidden. In your childhood, did you find it difficult to resonate the lowest "do" in music classes? In the future, science can clarify the effects of the shape of instruments on tones clearly using computers. It will become possible to propose a new design of musical instrument easy-to-play or new musical instruments.
Hiroshi Yokoyama, Masaki Kobayashi, Hirofumi Onitsuka, Akira Miki, and Akiyoshi Iida are the authors of the paper titled "Direct numerical simulation of flow and acoustic fields around an air-reed instrument with tone holes". The paper was presented at the 43rd International Congress on Noise Control Engineering, that was held November 16-19, 2014.