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Primeur weekly 2014-02-24

Special

H2020: the long road to an integrated open and accessible European e-Infrastructure ...

PRACE, HPC applications and technological development: three ingredients for a top European strategy ...

Yannick Legré is the new director of EGI.eu ...

The Cloud

Red Hat Enteprise Linux OpenStack Platform leveraged by Alcatel-Lucent, CloudBand as part of its Network Functions Virtualization (NFV) Platform ...

AT&T and IBM join forces to deliver new innovations for the Internet of Things ...

Mellanox introduces CloudX Platform to enable companies to build the most efficient public, private and hybrid Clouds ...

EuroFlash

Powerful supercomputer to offer a glimpse of the early universe ...

From a distance: New technique for repair work ...

ECRIN-ERIC to host inauguration ceremony ...

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology to develop ultra-small and ultra–fast electro-optic modulator ...

SURFsara to host Data & Computing Infrastructure Event on 12-13 March 2014 ...

USFlash

SDSC team develops multi-scale simulation software for chemistry research ...

SDSC/UC San Diego researchers hone in on Alzheimer's disease ...

Intel advances next phase of Big Data intelligence: real time analytics ...

Supercomputer dramatically accelerates rapid genome analysis ...

Using computers to speed up drug discovery ...

Better cache management could improve chip performance and cut energy use ...

A step closer to a photonic future ...

HP delivers record-breaking performance and dramatic efficiencies with HP ProLiant servers ...

Researchers propose a better way to make sense of 'Big Data' ...

Mega-bucks from Russia seed development of 'Big Data' tools ...

A new laser for a faster Internet ...

C-DAC to organize Accelerating Biology 2014: Computing Life ...

NetApp introduces unified scale-out storage systems and virtualization software for the unbound Cloud era ...

Supermicro shipping 96 DIMM 4U 4-Way SuperServer featuring new Intel Xeon processor E7-8800/4800 v2 ...

Powerful supercomputer to offer a glimpse of the early universe


19 Feb 2014 Nottingham - One of the world's most powerful supercomputers is to enable astrophysicists at the University of Nottingham to build a sophisticated simulation of the early universe. Dr. James Bolton and Dr. Frazer Pearce, in the University's School of Physics and Astronomy - leading a team of European academics - have been granted access to Curie, one of the 20 most powerful machines in the world based at Très Grand Centre de Calcul du CEA near Paris.

Curie has more than 92,000 computer units and offers 2 petaflops of power - the equivalent of 2 million billion operations per second. The researchers have been awarded 15 million core hours over 12 months on Curie by the Partnership for Advanced Computing in Europe (PRACE), a resource worth the equivalent of around 750,000 euro.

Dr. Frazer Pearce stated: "We are delighted to have won this award as it will enable us to answer fundamental questions about the nature of the early Universe."

Quasars, hugely powerful sources of energy in the distant Universe, act like giant searchlights and illuminate a forest of gas clouds. By counting the number of these intervening clouds of gas scientists can perform a cosmic census to distinguish between different models of our Universe.

The Nottingham scientists, working with colleagues at the universities of Cambridge, Edinburgh, Helsinki and Trieste, will build a simulation of our Universe on Curie and analyse this model in a similar way to an actual observation.

By doing so, they will gain valuable insights into the properties of dark matter and the interplay between gas and galaxies in the very early Universe. Such work has been hampered in the past because scientists have been unable to build a simulation large enough to contain the full range of structures that we know exist in the Universe. This has significantly limited the use of these models when confronted with observational data, and requires large corrections to be applied to the simulation results.

This PRACE project aims to overcome these issues, by bridging the important gap between small and large scales with a suite of the highest resolution Lyman-alpha forest (gas cloud) simulations performed to date within large volumes.

Dr. Bolton and Dr. Pearce are both based at the University of Nottingham's Centre for Astronomy and Particle Theory and use the university's own High Performance Computing Facility, which offers academics from across the institution the opportunity to use a cluster of powerful computers that can work together to drastically reduce the time required to perform large scale calculations. It has the potential to take a calculation that would last a year on a single PC, and provide the answer in a few hours. Alternatively, it can do many hundreds of smaller calculations simultaneously, depending on user requirements.

Since its launch in 2007, the HPC facility has assisted academics on projects worth in the region of GBP 27 million in grant income.

Professor Saul Tendler, Pro-Vice-Chancellor for Research at the University of Nottingham, stated: "The University of Nottingham has had a strong commitment to High Performance Computing for many years, keeping its researchers at the forefront of the computational aspects of their disciplines. Nottingham's own facility not only provides key research infrastructure, but also serves as a springboard for access to national and European supercomputers as well as allowing Nottingham to attract world class researchers such as Dr. Bolton."

Competition to win time on Curie was fierce - technical experts from PRACE evaluated the 141 submitted proposals, followed by a review on scientific excellence by three independent reviewers. On the basis of this, the proposals were whittled down to just 44 successful proposals from across Europe.
Source: University of Nottingham

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2014-02-24

Special

H2020: the long road to an integrated open and accessible European e-Infrastructure ...

PRACE, HPC applications and technological development: three ingredients for a top European strategy ...

Yannick Legré is the new director of EGI.eu ...

The Cloud

Red Hat Enteprise Linux OpenStack Platform leveraged by Alcatel-Lucent, CloudBand as part of its Network Functions Virtualization (NFV) Platform ...

AT&T and IBM join forces to deliver new innovations for the Internet of Things ...

Mellanox introduces CloudX Platform to enable companies to build the most efficient public, private and hybrid Clouds ...

EuroFlash

Powerful supercomputer to offer a glimpse of the early universe ...

From a distance: New technique for repair work ...

ECRIN-ERIC to host inauguration ceremony ...

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology to develop ultra-small and ultra–fast electro-optic modulator ...

SURFsara to host Data & Computing Infrastructure Event on 12-13 March 2014 ...

USFlash

SDSC team develops multi-scale simulation software for chemistry research ...

SDSC/UC San Diego researchers hone in on Alzheimer's disease ...

Intel advances next phase of Big Data intelligence: real time analytics ...

Supercomputer dramatically accelerates rapid genome analysis ...

Using computers to speed up drug discovery ...

Better cache management could improve chip performance and cut energy use ...

A step closer to a photonic future ...

HP delivers record-breaking performance and dramatic efficiencies with HP ProLiant servers ...

Researchers propose a better way to make sense of 'Big Data' ...

Mega-bucks from Russia seed development of 'Big Data' tools ...

A new laser for a faster Internet ...

C-DAC to organize Accelerating Biology 2014: Computing Life ...

NetApp introduces unified scale-out storage systems and virtualization software for the unbound Cloud era ...

Supermicro shipping 96 DIMM 4U 4-Way SuperServer featuring new Intel Xeon processor E7-8800/4800 v2 ...