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Primeur weekly 2019-01-21

Exascale supercomputing

Argonne Training Programme on Extreme-Scale Computing scheduled for July 28-August 9, 2019 ...

Quantum computing

Fujitsu and TC3 promote quantum inspired Digital Annealer next-generation architecture in Topcoder contest ...

Focus on Europe

The way forward for computing systems: HiPEAC Vision 2019 ...

Tachyum CEO honoured by President of Slovakia at State Awards Ceremony ...

Middleware

Groupe Logiciel selects technology from Bright Computing and professional services from Bechtle France ...

Khronos Group exploring industry interest for new open standard for high performance embedded computing (HPEC) applications ...

Excelero grows revenues 4x in record FY 2018 ...

Hardware

CoolIT Systems secures growth capital from Vistara Capital Partners ...

Advania expands operations to Finland ...

Quantum's new DXi backup appliances deliver industry-leading density and efficiency ...

Cray announces selected preliminary 2018 financial results ...

Programming light on a chip ...

Quobyte partners with EUROstor to deliver scale-out NAS solutions across DACH region ...

WekaIO quadruples business in 2018 with rapid customer adoption and global expansion ...

Fujitsu's Immersion Cooling System wins the 2018 Energy Conservation Grand Prize ...

GRC celebrates ten years at the epicentre of liquid immersion cooled data centres ...

Applications

Atos boosts genome sequencing in Spain ...

Supercomputer simulations reveal new insight on sea fog development ...

Chasing a supernova: Argonne intern expands his universe by working with data from the Dark Energy Survey ...

New Blue Waters webinars announced ...

Realistic new model points the way to more efficient and profitable fracking ...

Giant pattern discovered in the clouds of planet Venus: infrared cameras and supercomputer simulations break through Venus' veil ...

The Cloud

Oracle expands Cloud business with next-gen data centre in Canada ...

Untold Studios chooses WekaIO Matrix on Amazon Web Services for simplicity in Cloud implementation ...

GIGABYTE adds two new AMD EPYC compute nodes to "RACKLUTION-OP" OCP product line-up ...

Supercomputer simulations reveal new insight on sea fog development


This image near Qingdao, from the CALIPSO (Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations) satellite, shows the vertical cross-section of backscattering coefficients (indication of water droplets, i.e., sea fog) along the blue line AB. Courtesy of the Center for Analysis and Prediction of Storms (CAPS), University of Oklahoma.
14 Jan 2019 San Diego - A recently published study by an international team of researchers has shed new light on how and why a particular type of sea fog forms, using detailed supercomputer simulations to provide more accurate predictions of its occurrence and patterns to help reduce the number of maritime mishaps.

The study, published in the January 1, 2019 issue of Atmospheric Research , focused on a significant sea fog event that stretched approximately 400 miles across the Yellow Sea and its surrounding land. Images captured by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the Aqua satellite allowed the research team to better explain the sensitivity of sea fog simulations to vertical resolution. Researchers used the Comet supercomputer at the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC), an Organized Research Unit of UC San Diego, to develop detailed simulations.

NASA data affirms that spring fogs can occur for 50-80 days per year across the Yellow Sea. The fogs occur within the marine atmospheric boundary layer and are responsible for as many as half of the shipping accidents at the Qingdao port, according to the Chinese government. The primary type of fog covering the Yellow Sea is called advection fog, which usually forms when warm, moist air moves into areas with a cold surface.

While many previous studies focus on the effects of vertical resolution to better predict atmospheric events such as precipitation and hurricanes, this study aimed to achieve the best prediction of sea fogs using refined vertical resolution, according to the researchers.

"Inaccurate predictions of sea fog over the Yellow Sea pose a severe risk or damage to many human activities such as aviation, shipping, and the general business economy", explained Xiao-Ming Hu, principal investigator for the study who is with the Center for Analysis and Prediction of Storms (CAPS) at the University of Oklahoma. "Accurate predictions of sea fogs involve a few parameterizations for the atmospheric boundary layer and microphysics processes, all of which requires appropriate resolutions. Finding the optimal configurations among resolutions and parameterization schemes is not only beneficial for predicting sea fogs as demonstrated in this study, but also helps researchers to better understand and predict other meteorological events."

The study was conducted by Ocean University of China researchers Yue Yang and Shanhong Gao, and University of Oklahoma researchers Xiao-Ming Hu and Yongming Wang. The team used the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model to simulate the selected sea fog and examined sensitivity of the WRF simulations to different vertical resolutions in order to provide insight regarding how the fogs form, as well as developing optimal model configurations to better predict sea fogs.

The researchers have been using SDSC's Comet supercomputer since 2016, with allocations obtained via the National Science Foundation's XSEDE - eXtreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment - programme. To date, some 2 million core hours have been used.

"We have been getting used to the system, and all of our modeling systems have now been installed on Comet", stated Xiao-Ming Hu. "The SDSC technical support has been prompt and very helpful, while the storage on Comet enabled us to save useful model outputs for analysis until the research was eventually published, which was critical. Otherwise we would have had to purchase external storage. All of this really saved our team a great deal of time and money."

The optimal model configurations by this study were adopted by the sea fog forecasting system from the Ocean University of China about one year ago, based on draft manuscripts of this research study. The Ocean University of China and University of Oklahoma researchers continue their collaboration to improve meteorological forecasting models in order to reduce the damage of meteorological disasters around the world, with support from supercomputers such as Comet.

"These studies have large-scale computing requirements that can only be satisfied by large supercomputers such as Comet", stated Xiao-Ming Hu. "Without access to high-performance computing, CAPS would not be nearly as productive."

This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFC1404200, 2017YFC1404100) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41276009). The first author received support from China Scholarship Council and the second author was partially supported by the NOAA VORTEX-SE Program through grant NA17OAR4590188 and U.S.-based National Science Foundation (NSF) XSEDE allocation grant TG-ATM160014.
Source: San Diego Supercomputer Center - SDSC

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2019-01-21

Exascale supercomputing

Argonne Training Programme on Extreme-Scale Computing scheduled for July 28-August 9, 2019 ...

Quantum computing

Fujitsu and TC3 promote quantum inspired Digital Annealer next-generation architecture in Topcoder contest ...

Focus on Europe

The way forward for computing systems: HiPEAC Vision 2019 ...

Tachyum CEO honoured by President of Slovakia at State Awards Ceremony ...

Middleware

Groupe Logiciel selects technology from Bright Computing and professional services from Bechtle France ...

Khronos Group exploring industry interest for new open standard for high performance embedded computing (HPEC) applications ...

Excelero grows revenues 4x in record FY 2018 ...

Hardware

CoolIT Systems secures growth capital from Vistara Capital Partners ...

Advania expands operations to Finland ...

Quantum's new DXi backup appliances deliver industry-leading density and efficiency ...

Cray announces selected preliminary 2018 financial results ...

Programming light on a chip ...

Quobyte partners with EUROstor to deliver scale-out NAS solutions across DACH region ...

WekaIO quadruples business in 2018 with rapid customer adoption and global expansion ...

Fujitsu's Immersion Cooling System wins the 2018 Energy Conservation Grand Prize ...

GRC celebrates ten years at the epicentre of liquid immersion cooled data centres ...

Applications

Atos boosts genome sequencing in Spain ...

Supercomputer simulations reveal new insight on sea fog development ...

Chasing a supernova: Argonne intern expands his universe by working with data from the Dark Energy Survey ...

New Blue Waters webinars announced ...

Realistic new model points the way to more efficient and profitable fracking ...

Giant pattern discovered in the clouds of planet Venus: infrared cameras and supercomputer simulations break through Venus' veil ...

The Cloud

Oracle expands Cloud business with next-gen data centre in Canada ...

Untold Studios chooses WekaIO Matrix on Amazon Web Services for simplicity in Cloud implementation ...

GIGABYTE adds two new AMD EPYC compute nodes to "RACKLUTION-OP" OCP product line-up ...