Today, analysts worry that the industry is stagnating, caught between physical limits to the size of silicon transistors and the skyrocketing costs and complexity of system design.
"The electronic industry is facing many challenges going forward, and we stand a much better chance of solving these problems if we can make hardware design more accessible to a large pool of talent", stated Valeria Bertacco, an Arthur F. Thurnau professor of computer science and engineering at the University of Michigan and director of the ADA Center. "We want to make it possible for anyone with motivation and a good idea to build novel high-performance computing systems."
The centre is a five-year project that's led by the University of Michigan and includes researchers from a total of seven universities, pending final contracts: Harvard University, MIT, Stanford University, Princeton University, University of Illinois and University of Washington.
ADA is funded by a consortium that is led by the Semiconductor Research Corporation and includes the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. The centre is one of six new centers recently announced as part of the Joint University Microelectronics Programme, organized by the Semiconductor Research Corporation.
ADA aims to democratize the development and deployment of advanced computing systems in several ways: It will develop a modular approach to system hardware and software design, where applications' internal algorithms are mapped to highly efficient and reusable accelerated hardware components. This faster and more effective approach will require that the entire design framework - from system software to architecture to design tools - be reimagined and rebuilt.
"You shouldn't need a Ph.D. to design new computing systems", Valeria Bertacco stated. "Five years from now, I'd like to see freshly minted college grads doing hardware start-ups."
Computing has had a monumental impact on society, but the path forward is uncertain. Researchers are looking for creative approaches to extend the utility of traditional silicon beyond the Moore's Law era, a long-standing but waning trend in which chips become cheaper to manufacture, and more powerful, each year.
ADA researchers see customized silicon for specific applications - like chips optimized for image search or data analytics - as a promising approach. But the biggest industrial customized silicon successes to date, such as smartphone systems-on-a-chip or graphics processing units, have required the immense resources of large, deeply integrated, vertical design teams. ADA's goal is to change that. The centre is organized into three themes:
"This is a daring and progressive approach to system design that stands to revolutionize the computing industry", stated Alec Gallimore, who is the Robert J. Vlasic Dean of Engineering, the Richard F. and Eleanor A. Towner Professor, an Arthur F. Thurnau Professor, and a professor both of aerospace engineering and of applied physics. "The work of this new centre will empower generations of engineers and computer scientists to design and build the systems that can bring their ideas to life."
DARPA and the Semiconductor Research Corporation will contribute $27.5 million to this project, with the remaining funds provided by the participating institutions. The Semiconductor Research Corporation is a global, high technology-based consortium that serves as a crossroads of collaboration between technology companies, academia, government agencies, and SRC's engineers and scientists.