8 Jan 2018 Pune - India's first multi-petaflops supercomputer has been inaugurated at the Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) in Pune on 8 January 2018 by Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister for S&T, Earth Sciences, and Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
The Honorable Union Minister of Earth Sciences, Dr. Harsh Vardhan, will dedicate India's first multi-petaflops supercomputer, called PRATYUSH, to the nation on 8 January 2018. The Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) in its endeavour to provide world class services in scientific areas such as Weather, Climate, Ocean, and Seismological , to the citizens of India, is constantly striving to upgrade its operational and research activities and other infrastructural facilities.
In order to provide useful services, MoES runs several computationally intensive applications on High performance computers (HPC). In the last 10 years, the HPC infrastructure at the MoES institutes has grown from 40 Teraflops in 2008 to 1 Petaflops in 2013/14. As a result of providing HPC infrastructure to MoES scientists, in addition to its constant research activity, MoES stands tall in the international weather and climate sciences community and constantly endeveours to provide the best services to the country and the Neighbourhood.
Some highlights of the services provided by MoES institutes to the country are:
MoES also plays a leadership role in the South Asian region by providing more accurate weather/climate forecasts to its neighbouring countries.
Hence, constantly augmenting its High Performance Computing infrastructure at regular intervals is mandatory to keep MoES abreast with new technologies and to be at par with other leading weather/climate/ocean service centres worldwide.
At present, the MoES HPC system ranks at #368 position in the TOP500 list. With around 1.0 PF peak capacity India's ranking in HPC is much below the HPC rankings of major countries that generate weather/climate forecasts. To provide better services and improve its position, MoES has recently augmented its computational capacity up to 6.8 PF installed at two MoES Institutes: 4.0 Peta Flops HPC facility at IITM, Pune and 2.8 Peta Flops at NCMRWF, Noida.
With this augmentation, the MoES HPC facility will be India's number 1 HPC facility in terms of peak capacity and performance. With the inauguration of this HPC facility on 8 January 2018, India will rise from the 368th position to around the top 30 in the TOP500 list of HPC facilities in the world. In terms of dedicated HPC resources for weather/climate community, India will be placed at the 4th position after Japan, UK and USA.
The HPC facility being inaugurated at IITM will be used for carrying out research on improving weather and climate forecasts and its applications. This MoES HPC facility will also be utilized by other MoES institute, like INCOIS, IMD, NIOT, NCAOR, NCESS, for research activities to improve their respective weather and climate services.
The second HPC facility at NCMRWF, Noida will be mainly used to cater daily operational forecasts of respective MoES institutes, including INCOIS, IMD, IITM, and NCMRWF.
This new HPC facility will enable MoES scientists to use more detailed components of the Earth System for making better weather and climate forecasts at very high resolution. The facility is expected to improve the following services:
This increase in supercomputing power will go a long way in delivering various societal applications committed by MoES. This will also give fillip to research activities not only in MoES but also in other academic institutions working on various problems related to Earth Sciences.
Presence of different Met Centres in the world dedicated to Meteorology/Climate Ocean Sciences.