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Primeur weekly 2017-01-09

Focus

Erik Fledderus highlights importance of ongoing dialogue and role of national nodes in realising e-IRG Roadmap 2016 vision ...

Quantum computing

Quantum simulation technique yields topological soliton state in SSH model ...

Focus on Europe

39th ORAP Forum on Global Emergent and Future HPC Architectures, I/O and Storage to be held March 28, 2017 ...

Random access memory on a low energy diet ...

Middleware

Bright Computing rolls out tiered partner programme for resellers in EMEA and APAC ...

Delft University of Technology acquires a source licence of the CoSy compiler development system for advanced research ...

Hardware

Penguin Computing announces Scyld ClusterWare 7 for large clusters ...

Eurocom upgrades Mobile Supercomputer laptops with Kaby Lake desktop processors up to Intel Core i7 7700K ...

Applications

NVIDIA and AUDI partner to put world's most advanced AI car on road by 2020 ...

Transportation supplier ZF and NVIDIA announce AI-based self-driving system for cars, trucks, and commercial vehicles ...

BMW Group, Intel and Mobileye will have autonomous test vehicles on the roads by the second half of 2017 ...

Panasonic Automotive and IBM partner to develop cognitive vehicle infotainment system with Watson ...

Panasonic and IBM join forces to develop cognitive personal concierge solutions with Watson ...

Vanderbilt School of Engineering offers new master of cyber-physical systems degree ...

Supercomputer simulations helping to improve wind predictions ...

Asian scientist launches Asia's first supercomputing magazine ...

Open-source plant database confirms top US bioenergy crop ...

The BGRF joins Diversity.AI to prevent age discrimination in aging biomarker development ...

Artificial intelligence seen as a key technology to enable better balancing of UK's energy market ...

IBM and Illumina partner to standardize genomic data interpretation ...

The Cloud

Atos to acquire Engage ESM ...

HERE and NVIDIA partner on AI technology for HD mapping from Cloud to car ...

NVIDIA and ZENRIN collaborate on AI-powered HD mapping for Japan ...

Intel to acquire 15 percent ownership of HERE ...

Philips highlights Cloud-based innovations at the forefront of digital health during CES ...

Open-source plant database confirms top US bioenergy crop


Miscanthus plots (left and right) tower over kitty-corner plots of switchgrass (top and bottom) at the University of Illinois Energy Farm. A new study used a bioenergy database to confirm that Miscanthus yields two times more than switchgrass. Credit: L. Brian Stauffer, University of Illinois.
6 Jan 2017 Urbana-Champaign - Scientists have confirmed that Miscanthus, long speculated to be the top biofuel producer, yields more than twice as much as switchgrass in the US using an open-source bioenergy crop database gaining traction in plant science, climate change, and ecology research.

"To understand yield trends and variation across the country for our major food crops, extensive databases are available - notably those provided by the USDA Statistical Service", stated lead author Stephen Long, Gutgsell Endowed Professor of Plant Biology and Crop Sciences at the University of Illinois. "But there was nowhere to go if you wanted to know about biomass crops, particularly those that have no food value such as Miscanthus, switchgrass, willow trees, etc."

To fill this gap, researchers at the Energy Biosciences Institute at the Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology created BETYdb, an open-source repository for physiological and yield data that facilitates bioenergy research. The goal of this database is not only to store the data but to make the data widely available and usable.

"In addition to providing an easy-to-use, web-based interface, the database supports automated data collection and big data analysis", stated first author David LeBauer, a research scientist at Illinois. "Today the BETYdb database contains more than 40,000 open-access records.By making all of this data open access, we hope that researchers can identify new plants and best practices for biomass production. We've been using these data not only to summarize what has been observed in field trials, but also to identify new crops and predict productivity in new environments."

To demonstrate the database's value, researchers used BETYdb to definitively establish that Miscanthus is 2.4 times more productive than Switchgrass in the U.S. under a wide range of environmental and management conditions, e.g. fertilization rates, stand ages, planting densities, as reported inGlobal Change Biology Bioenergy.

"More than a decade of studies suggested that regardless of temperature, water or nitrogen Miscanthus, then grown only in Europe, would out yield the North American favorite switchgrass by more than two-fold", Stephen Long stated. "This was based on limited data and did not take into account the breeding improvements in switchgrass that were occurring. Now that Miscanthus is grown in North America along with many improved cultivars of switchgrass we wondered: does the remarkable two-fold difference in yield still hold? And it does."

The paper " BETYdb: A Yield, Trait and Ecosystem Service Database Applied to Second Generation Bioenergy Feedstock Production " is published byGlobal Change Biology(DOI: 10.1111/gcbb.12420). Co-authors include: Rob Kooper, University of Illinois; Patrick Mulrooney, University of California at San Diego; Scott Rohde, University of Illinois; Dan Wang, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology; and Michael Dietze, Boston University. Their work was supported by the EBI and the National Science Foundation.
Source: Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2017-01-09

Focus

Erik Fledderus highlights importance of ongoing dialogue and role of national nodes in realising e-IRG Roadmap 2016 vision ...

Quantum computing

Quantum simulation technique yields topological soliton state in SSH model ...

Focus on Europe

39th ORAP Forum on Global Emergent and Future HPC Architectures, I/O and Storage to be held March 28, 2017 ...

Random access memory on a low energy diet ...

Middleware

Bright Computing rolls out tiered partner programme for resellers in EMEA and APAC ...

Delft University of Technology acquires a source licence of the CoSy compiler development system for advanced research ...

Hardware

Penguin Computing announces Scyld ClusterWare 7 for large clusters ...

Eurocom upgrades Mobile Supercomputer laptops with Kaby Lake desktop processors up to Intel Core i7 7700K ...

Applications

NVIDIA and AUDI partner to put world's most advanced AI car on road by 2020 ...

Transportation supplier ZF and NVIDIA announce AI-based self-driving system for cars, trucks, and commercial vehicles ...

BMW Group, Intel and Mobileye will have autonomous test vehicles on the roads by the second half of 2017 ...

Panasonic Automotive and IBM partner to develop cognitive vehicle infotainment system with Watson ...

Panasonic and IBM join forces to develop cognitive personal concierge solutions with Watson ...

Vanderbilt School of Engineering offers new master of cyber-physical systems degree ...

Supercomputer simulations helping to improve wind predictions ...

Asian scientist launches Asia's first supercomputing magazine ...

Open-source plant database confirms top US bioenergy crop ...

The BGRF joins Diversity.AI to prevent age discrimination in aging biomarker development ...

Artificial intelligence seen as a key technology to enable better balancing of UK's energy market ...

IBM and Illumina partner to standardize genomic data interpretation ...

The Cloud

Atos to acquire Engage ESM ...

HERE and NVIDIA partner on AI technology for HD mapping from Cloud to car ...

NVIDIA and ZENRIN collaborate on AI-powered HD mapping for Japan ...

Intel to acquire 15 percent ownership of HERE ...

Philips highlights Cloud-based innovations at the forefront of digital health during CES ...