ITER and BSC already collaborate in the area of numerical modelling to assess the design of the ITER pellet injector. These computer simulations are based upon non-linear 3D Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) methods. Their focus is modelling the injection of pellets to forecast and control instabilities that could damage the reactor. These instabilities are called Edge Localized Modes (ELM), which can occur at the boundary of the fusion plasma and are problematic because they can release large amounts of energy to the reactor wall, wearing it away in the process. The goal of these simulations is to assess the optimal pellet size and speed of the pellet injector.
The MoU is valid for a duration of 5 years and tightens the cooperation between the two institutions, leaders in their respective fields, further. ITER will become the biggest and most relevant fusion device in the world while BSC, with its 475 researchers and experts and the upgrade of MareNostrum 3 to MareNostrum 4 that will take place later this year, is one of the top supercomputing centres worldwide. As the first step within this new MoU, the two institutes will start a collaboration on the ITER Integrated Modelling infrastructure, IMAS, together with the EUROfusion Work Package for Code Development.
The Barcelona Supercomputing Center Fusion team is coordinated by Mervi Mantsinen, ICREA professor at BSC from October 2013. During this time, Mervi Mantsinen has been one of the scientific coordinators for the EUROfusion experimental campaign to prepare fusion at ITER. Mervi Mantsinen has coordinated one of the two largest experiments for 2015-2016 at the Joint European Torus (JET), the biggest and most powerful fusion reactor in the world and is assisting the design and construction of ITER. Previously Mervi Mantsinen worked at JET and the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak at the Max-Planck Institute for Plasma Physics in Garching, Germany.
Mervi Mantsinen's research focuses on the numerical modelling of experiments in magnetically confined fusion devices in preparation for ITER operation. Her objective is to enhance modelling capabilities in the field of fusion through code validation and optimization. This research is done within the European fusion research programme EUROfusion for Horizon 2020 in close collaboration with ITER, the International Tokamak Physics Activity, EUROfusion and the Spanish national fusion laboratory CIEMAT.