With twelve petaflops - that is, twelve quadrillion arithmetic operations per second - the new computer will achieve twice the peak performance of its predecessor JUQUEEN. For many years, this was the fastest computer in Europe and an outstanding research instrument for scientists and engineers from Germany and Europe.
The new system will be operated at the Gauss Center for Supercomputing (GCS) as a national and European supercomputer. GCS includes the three computer centres Jülich Supercomputing Center (JSC) of the Forschungszentrum Jülich, the Bavarian Academy of Sciences (LRZ) and the University of Stuttgart (HLRS). GCS and its supercomputers are supported and financed by the federal government and the three host countries.
North Rhine-Westphalia has been supporting the Jülich location of the newly founded GCS since 2008. The new state funding of a total of 73 million euro, which will be supplemented by the federal government with funds in the same amount, now allows the continuation of this success story until 2025.
The new module is designed for a wide range of complex scientific applications. It will be complemented in two years by a second complementary module, which is optimized especially for simulation applications with the highest computing power. It will then increase the performance of the overall system many times more. With its modular concept, JSC is breaking new ground: The medium-term goal is to increase the computing power by a factor of 100 compared to the new system (exascale computer), without the costs and energy requirements of the computers exploding.
Equally with funds from the country, JSC is expanding its offerings to support and train its users so that they can fully exploit the potential of the new modular supercomputer. Users from a wide range of scientific disciplines will be able to tackle increasingly complex issues with the new computer: from the development of new materials, to more accurate predictions of climate change, to research into the functioning of the human brain.
This funding is an important element in strengthening the science location of North Rhine-Westphalia. Universities and research institutions in North Rhine-Westphalia are connected to Jülich in a variety of ways. Jülich's unique supercomputers and extensive user support transform the research centre into a magnet for world-class simulation scientists. These include, for example, the flow research and turbine development in Aachen, the Theoretical Chemistry in Bochum and Mülheim, plasma physics and materials research in Bochum, Aachen and Bonn or the Theoretic Hadron and High Energy Physics in Bonn, Bielefeld, Münster and Wuppertal. Recent fields such as evacuation research connect the centre closely with the universities of Wuppertal and Cologne.