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Primeur weekly 2013-12-02

Exascale supercomputing

Human Brain Project to hold Open Dialogue with potential HPC suppliers ...

U.S. Government awards AMD contract to research interconnect architectures for high-performance computing ...

The Cloud

Carnegie Mellon leads multi-university project to improve web and Cloud computing accessibility ...

Need a Cloud resource for science? TACC serves up Rodeo ...

IBM Cloud capabilities help ENN Energy drive business growth and build smarter operations ...

iomartcloud and Paragon Development Systems (PDS) to deliver back-up to the Cloud services based on VMware vSphere Data Protection 5.5 advanced ...

Palo Alto Networks and VMware transform Cloud deployments with integrated network virtualization and next-generation security solution ...

IBM awards multi-million dollar Cloud computing platform to seven Nova Scotia schools ...

University of Texas at San Antonio opens Cloud and Big Data Laboratory ...

Unlocking business insights and sales opportunities with Cloud services ...

Scalable Informatics' Unison Appliance shines in first ever public report of STAC-M3 benchmarks on a parallel filesystem with Ceph ...

EuroFlash

European Union funds holistic approach on greener computing ...

Eni's new supercomputer for Eni's exploration & production activity starts work ...

PRACE partners launch Pre-Commercial Procurement: Whole-System Design for Energy Efficient HPC ...

TotalSim to launch a new range of CFD Hardware ...

Beyond encryption: Stronger security for wireless communications ...

USFlash

Intel brings supercomputing horsepower to Big Data analytics ...

Penguin Computing releases Arctica 3200xl open switches based on Broadcom Trident II chipset ...

Aeon Computing to deploy 7 Petabyte Lustre filesystem for SDSC's Comet supercomputer ...

Bright Cluster Manager helps Intel's "Cherry Creek" supercomputer achieve top rankings for SC13 ...

DataDirect Networks introduces the industry's fastest Big Data storage platform - the SFA12KX appliance series ...

OSC unveiled new industrial engagement initiative at SC13 ...

Top honours awarded for productivity in a high-performance supercomputer parallel programming language implementation and overall performance ...

TACC to deploy Maverick for interactive, remote visualization and data analysis ...

Supercomputer helps model lakes, oceans and much more ...

Micron announces development of new parallel processing architecture ...

Spectra Logic expands support of TS1140 Tape Drive technology with T-Series tape libraries and BlackPearl ...

Designed for Big Data applications, AMD announces industry's first "supercomputing" server graphics card with 12GB memory ...

Carnegie Mellon computer searches web 24/7 to analyze images and teach itself common sense ...

NIST demonstrates how losing information can benefit quantum computing ...

Italian physicist delivered 2013 Pitzer Lecture in Theoretical Chemistry ...

Rensselaer professor Deborah L. McGuinness named Fellow of the AAAS ...

Carnegie Mellon computer searches web 24/7 to analyze images and teach itself common sense

20 Nov 2013 Pittsburgh - A computer programme called the Never Ending Image Learner (NEIL) is running 24 hours a day at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), searching the Web for images, doing its best to understand them on its own and, as it builds a growing visual database, gathering common sense on a massive scale. NEIL leverages recent advances in computer vision that enable computer programmes to identify and label objects in images, to characterize scenes and to recognize attributes, such as colours, lighting and materials, all with a minimum of human supervision. In turn, the data it generates will further enhance the ability of computers to understand the visual world.

But NEIL also makes associations between these things to obtain common sense information that people just seem to know without ever saying - that cars often are found on roads, that buildings tend to be vertical and that ducks look sort of like geese. Based on text references, it might seem that the colour associated with sheep is black, but people - and NEIL - nevertheless know that sheep typically are white.

"Images are the best way to learn visual properties", stated Abhinav Gupta, assistant research professor in Carnegie Mellon's Robotics Institute. "Images also include a lot of common sense information about the world. People learn this by themselves and, with NEIL, we hope that computers will do so as well."

A computer cluster has been running the NEIL programme since late July and already has analyzed three million images, identifying 1,500 types of objects in half a million images and 1,200 types of scenes in hundreds of thousands of images. It has connected the dots to learn 2,500 associations from thousands of instances.

The research team, including Xinlei Chen, a Ph.D. student in CMU's Language Technologies Institute, and Abhinav Shrivastava, a Ph.D. student in robotics, will present its findings on December 4 at the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision in Sydney, Australia.

One motivation for the NEIL project is to create the world's largest visual structured knowledge base, where objects, scenes, actions, attributes and contextual relationships are labeled and catalogued.

"What we have learned in the last 5-10 years of computer vision research is that the more data you have, the better computer vision becomes", Abhinav Gupta stated.

Some projects, such as ImageNet and Visipedia, have tried to compile this structured data with human assistance. But the scale of the Internet is so vast - Facebook alone holds more than 200 billion images - that the only hope to analyze it all is to teach computers to do it largely by themselves.

Abhinav Shrivastava said NEIL can sometimes make erroneous assumptions that compound mistakes, so people need to be part of the process. A Google Image search, for instance, might convince NEIL that "pink" is just the name of a singer, rather than a colour.

"People don't always know how or what to teach computers", he observed. "But humans are good at telling computers when they are wrong."

People also tell NEIL what categories of objects, scenes, etc., to search and analyse. But sometimes, what NEIL finds can surprise even the researchers. It can be anticipated, for instance, that a search for "apple" might return images of fruit as well as laptop computers. But Abhinav Gupta and his landlubbing team had no idea that a search for F-18 would identify not only images of a fighter jet, but also of F18-class catamarans.

As its search proceeds, NEIL develops subcategories of objects - tricycles can be for kids, for adults and can be motorized, or cars come in a variety of brands and models. And it begins to notice associations - that zebras tend to be found in savannahs, for instance, and that stock trading floors are typically crowded.

NEIL is computationally intensive, the research team noted. The programme runs on two clusters of computers that include 200 processing cores.

This research is supported by the Office of Naval Research and Google Inc.

The public can now view NEIL's findings at the project website at http://www.neil-kb.com .
Source: Carnegie Mellon University

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2013-12-02

Exascale supercomputing

Human Brain Project to hold Open Dialogue with potential HPC suppliers ...

U.S. Government awards AMD contract to research interconnect architectures for high-performance computing ...

The Cloud

Carnegie Mellon leads multi-university project to improve web and Cloud computing accessibility ...

Need a Cloud resource for science? TACC serves up Rodeo ...

IBM Cloud capabilities help ENN Energy drive business growth and build smarter operations ...

iomartcloud and Paragon Development Systems (PDS) to deliver back-up to the Cloud services based on VMware vSphere Data Protection 5.5 advanced ...

Palo Alto Networks and VMware transform Cloud deployments with integrated network virtualization and next-generation security solution ...

IBM awards multi-million dollar Cloud computing platform to seven Nova Scotia schools ...

University of Texas at San Antonio opens Cloud and Big Data Laboratory ...

Unlocking business insights and sales opportunities with Cloud services ...

Scalable Informatics' Unison Appliance shines in first ever public report of STAC-M3 benchmarks on a parallel filesystem with Ceph ...

EuroFlash

European Union funds holistic approach on greener computing ...

Eni's new supercomputer for Eni's exploration & production activity starts work ...

PRACE partners launch Pre-Commercial Procurement: Whole-System Design for Energy Efficient HPC ...

TotalSim to launch a new range of CFD Hardware ...

Beyond encryption: Stronger security for wireless communications ...

USFlash

Intel brings supercomputing horsepower to Big Data analytics ...

Penguin Computing releases Arctica 3200xl open switches based on Broadcom Trident II chipset ...

Aeon Computing to deploy 7 Petabyte Lustre filesystem for SDSC's Comet supercomputer ...

Bright Cluster Manager helps Intel's "Cherry Creek" supercomputer achieve top rankings for SC13 ...

DataDirect Networks introduces the industry's fastest Big Data storage platform - the SFA12KX appliance series ...

OSC unveiled new industrial engagement initiative at SC13 ...

Top honours awarded for productivity in a high-performance supercomputer parallel programming language implementation and overall performance ...

TACC to deploy Maverick for interactive, remote visualization and data analysis ...

Supercomputer helps model lakes, oceans and much more ...

Micron announces development of new parallel processing architecture ...

Spectra Logic expands support of TS1140 Tape Drive technology with T-Series tape libraries and BlackPearl ...

Designed for Big Data applications, AMD announces industry's first "supercomputing" server graphics card with 12GB memory ...

Carnegie Mellon computer searches web 24/7 to analyze images and teach itself common sense ...

NIST demonstrates how losing information can benefit quantum computing ...

Italian physicist delivered 2013 Pitzer Lecture in Theoretical Chemistry ...

Rensselaer professor Deborah L. McGuinness named Fellow of the AAAS ...