Madhu Matta from HP talked about the wins of his company. HP and Nvidia collaborated in delivering a petascale system for the National Science Foundation in the United States. HP has several systems in the new TOP500 list. The Tokyo Institute of Technology in Japan has purchased an HP multi-petaflop supercomputer system. Dr. Satoshi Matsuoka expressed his satisfaction on the acquisition.
Richard Dracott from Intel told the audience that Intel is present in 408 of the TOP500 systems. The Intel Xeon processor 5600 series are represented in 7 ystems and the Intel Xeon processor 7500 series in 2 systems. Both types of processors are new. Furthermore the Intel Xeon processor 5500 series are present in 184 systems.
Powering the Top systems, the 2 newest entrants in the Top 10 are powered by Intel architecture; both with Xeon processor 5600 series and 4 of new 5 Top 30 listings are Intel architecture.
Richard Dracott also announced a date centre refresh and SuperNodes for HPC. The workload requirements are maximum scalability; large memory & cache; minimize node to node communication; and maximize density used for FSI, manufacturing CAE, energy, etc.
There is a strong momentum for the Nehalem architecture family and a new wave of systems is coming to market, concluded Richard Dracott.
For Microsoft, Vince Mendillo noted that prices of parallelism are coming upon us. Increasing the number of cores per chip is happening right now. A hardware issue just became a softwre problem. There is a lack of broad access. The need for high performance data-intensive capacity is urgent. There is little or no access to high performance data-intensive capacity. 55 million of scientists and engineers in the world currently lack power.
Vince Mendillo pointed out that for the future Microsoft is concentrating on 3 fundamental areas:
1. simplify parallel development with Microsoft Visual Studio
2. TC focused tools and applications with Microsoft HPC Server 2008 R2
3. technical computing to the Cloud with Microsoft Azure
Microsoft's vision is focusing on a unified platform spanning client, cluster and Cloud.
Visual Studio 2010 is being combined with Intel Parallel Studio for multicore programming. HPC Server 2008 R2 is capable of running more sophisticated models and achieves a faster response to market trends.
Windows rivals Linux performance on the SPEC MPI2007.
As for Microsoft's Cloud platform, Windows Azure provides scalable compute and storage, automated service management, and familiar tools, technologies, and languages. SQL Azure offers relational storage for the Cloud, a consistent development model, and automated database management. AppFabric connects existing apps to the Cloud and provides access control service.
Don Clegg from Supermicro announced a new worldwide infrastructure and logistics commitment in The Netherlands with global sales, service and support. Supermicro has 3 regional service and integration centres which turn the company in to a time-to-market innovator, partnering with Intel and Microsoft. The Supermicro products have evolved from basic motherboards to complete HPC platforms.
2U Twin constitutes a new architecture for best performance-per-watt/$$ and Supermicro also provides GPU product lines. The company is achieving a rapid globalization, product leadership and sales-supplier partnerships.
Gilad Shainer from Mellanox talked about the HPC Advisory Council, a worldwide organisation of over 140 members. It bridges the gap between HPC usage and its potential and provides best practices and a support/development centre. The HPC Advisory Council also explores future technoloies and future developments and is organizing wordwide conferences and workshops.
Gilad Shainer also introduced the results of the reconstruction of the Kheops Pyramid in Egypt. The demo will shed light on the 4500 year old Khufu Pyramid mystery using real-time 3D simulation. A small cluster will recreate Kheops.
Entered Erich Strohmaier to present the 35th TOP500 list with the results for the world, Asia, Europe, Middle East, Latin America, and Africa. The Cray Jaguar still holds the first position. The surprising number 2 is the Nebulae system at the National Supercomputing Centre in Shenzhen, China. The Nebulae consists of a TC3600 Blade, Intel X5650, and Nvidia Tesla C2050 GPU.
Currently there are two China systems in the top 10 at no. 2 and at no. 7. The second one is the Tianhe-1.
Erich Strohmaier reported the lowest performance increase since years. There is a slowdown in the projected performance development.
As for the vendors/system share, IBM is taking the lead with 40%, followed by HP. Cray, SGI, Dell, Sun
and the others. If we look at the country representation, the United States take the lead, followed by the United Kingdom, France, Germany which is unusually low, China which is unusually high, Japan, Sweden,
Italy, India, and the others.
When focusing on the cores per socket, one can see that the 4 core systems are dominant. But the systems with more than 4 cores are coming in the TOP500.
Erich Strohmaier also provided some results on the power consumption and efficiency:
1. Power consumption:
2. Power efficiency:
Power efficiency has improved but not sufficiently.
Prof. Dr. Hans Meuer presented the ISC'10 highlights to the audience. Attendees in 2010 are amounting to 1797 before the start of onsite registration. This is an all time record. In 2009 attendees reached 1670; in 2008: 1375; in 2007: 1213; in 2005: 647; and at the start of the ISC conference series, there were 81 participants.
This year there will be 239 contributors and 88 invited speakers; 4 keynote talks; 2 scientific sessions; 2 hot seat sessions; 1 research poster session with 2 posters; 6 exhibitor forum sessions with 6 talks each and on Sunday, May 30, there already have been 7 tutorials with 238 attendees.
There will be a HPC in life sciences session and a session on supercomputers for modelling the climate and the roles of energy production in climate change. There will be a focus on evolving new HPC markets in China, Middle East, and Russia, and a historical session, titled "From Konrad Zuse to Exascale computing". Konrad Zuse also was painting and some of his works will be shown at the Exhibition. Furthermore there will be an announcement of energy efficient productivity metrics for supercomputers session.
The Exhibition has 149 contributors on 1721 square meters of exhibition space.
Prof. Dr. Hans Meuer ended by noting that there are 3 petaflop systems in the TOP500 at nrs. 1,2 and 3: the Cray Jaguar, the Chinese Nebulae and the IBM Roadrunner. respectively.